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‘Water and Energy’ Time for solutions: from risk to resource 30 April 2014 Palestinian Water Authority Coastal Municipalities Water Utility PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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‘Water and Energy’ Time for solutions: from risk to resource 30 April 2014 Palestinian Water Authority Coastal Municipalities Water Utility. Presentation Roadmap. Situation Overview Water & Energy Needs in Gaza Fragility of System & Capacity to Respond to Emergencies

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‘Water and Energy’ Time for solutions: from risk to resource 30 April 2014 Palestinian Water Authority Coastal Municipalities Water Utility

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Water and energy time for solutions from risk to resource 30 april 2014 palestinian water authority coastal municipalities water utility

‘Water and Energy’

Time for solutions: from risk to resource

30 April 2014

Palestinian Water Authority

Coastal Municipalities Water Utility


Presentation roadmap

Presentation Roadmap

Situation Overview

Water & Energy Needs in Gaza

Fragility of System & Capacity to Respond to Emergencies

The Cost: Human, Financial, Operational, Environmental

Bottlenecks & Barriers

Water Sector Strategy

Solutions and Priorities


Water and energy time for solutions from risk to resource 30 april 2014 palestinian water authority coastal municipalities water utility

GAZA

Erez

Crossing Point

6 nautical miles (horizon)

Effective since April 2006

  • 1.8 million inhabitants,half of them children,in 378 km2

  • One of the highest population densities in the world (4,726 persons per km2)

  • Closure since 2007 = deteriorating humanitarian situation

Nahal Oz

Crossing Point

Karni

Crossing Point

Sufa

Crossing Point

Rafah

Crossing Point

Kerem Shalom

Crossing Point


Gaza de development

Gaza De-Development

41.5% Unemployment

39%

Poverty

57%

Food Insecure

80%

Aid Recipients

Movement of people and goods severely restricted

Approx. 95% of groundwater not fit to drink, 90 million litres of sewage discharged into sea daily

No access to one-third of arable land, and two-thirds of fishing grounds

Import of most construction, raw materials & spare parts restricted

This negatively impacts people’s ability to pay utility bills (average of 39% pay), and the sustainabilityof water & sanitation services to cover annual operation and maintenance costs of $30 million.

Compounded by energy crisis:

Blackouts

Risk of raw sewage flooding residential areas

Health, water and sanitation services operating on strained back-up generators


Water crisis in gaza

Water Crisis in Gaza

Gaza Strip relies on underlying portion of Coastal aquifer as only water source

Over-extraction results source in intrusion of seawater

Causes excessive chloride levels so water is too salty to drink


Water and energy time for solutions from risk to resource 30 april 2014 palestinian water authority coastal municipalities water utility

Water Supply / Demand Imbalance

Deficit of 147MCM/y

  • Resources =61MCM/y

  • Safe yield abstraction (55 MCM/y)

  • Desalination (1MCM/y)

  • Imported from Israel (5MCM/y)

  • Demand = 208 MCM/y

  • Domestic water (134MCM/y)

  • Agricultural usage (74MCM/y)

Water Resource Management

Water over extraction leads to water quality deterioration


Estimated energy cost now vs full electricity supply for water sanitation in gaza

Energy represents the largest controllable cost of providing water or wastewater services to the public

Estimated Energy cost: Now vs. Full Electricity Supply for water & sanitation in Gaza

Total Cost Now: $14.94 M


Energy needs for water and sanitation facilities 2012 to 2020

Energy needs for water and sanitation facilities 2012 to 2020


Contingency planning and response

Fragility of system negatively impacts ability to prepare for

and respond to emergencies in terms of:

Repairs and maintenance

Infrastructure

Staff readiness

Management

Contingency Planning and Response


Cumulative humanitarian impact of energy crisis in terms of water and sanitation

Cumulative Humanitarian Impact of Energy Crisis in terms of Water and Sanitation

Reduced water supply to households (summer)15% supplied every day, 25% once

every 4 days, 40% once every 3 days,

20% every 2 days; supply cycles

last 5-6 hours.

Reduced supply in desalinated water

for drinking (summer)60% drop in volume of water produced

by 25 desalination units operated

by CMWU, which supply ~160,000 people,

forcing them to purchase water from unregulated

and biologically questionable vendors.


Cumulative humanitarian impact of energy crisis in terms of water and sanitation1

Cumulative Humanitarian Impact of Energy Crisis in terms of Water and Sanitation

Flooding of sewage pumping stations (winter)Failure and increasing inability to

operate pumps resulted in flooding

from sewage pumping; sewage pumping

stations divert sewage to open

channels, the sea or storm water lagoons.

Flooding of storm water

mixed with sewage (winter)


Cumulative humanitarian impact of energy crisis in terms of water and sanitation2

Cumulative Humanitarian Impact of Energy Crisis in terms of Water and Sanitation

  • Release of 90 million liters of raw and

  • partially treated wastewater into

  • the sea every day (year round)


Recap of bottlenecks barriers

Recap of Bottlenecks & Barriers

Lack of adequate water resources

Current supply of energy is insufficient and unsustainable

Delayed entry of materials and restricted import of most construction raw materials and spare parts of materials

Restricted movement of persons to enable update of human technical knowledge and skills

Allocated budgets tend to focus on meeting immediate humanitarian needs at expense of developing sustainable mid-to-longer term solutions


Water sector strategy investment plan

Water Sector Strategy & Investment Plan

Comparative Study of Options (CSO), Gaza 2011:


Gap in capital investment

Gap in Capital Investment


The cost of inaction gaza in 2020

The Cost of Inaction: Gaza in 2020

1. Aquifer is irreversibly damaged

2. No water resource is available

3. Serious public health risks

4. No food security (very limited agricultural activities)

Gaza Population Livelihood Threatened


Summary of key actions for water sanitation

STLV Desalination (13 MCM per year)

$52 million total cost; $28M committed. Gap: $24M

Import of Materials and Movement of Persons

Requires advocacy to ease entry restrictions

Import Additional Water from Israel (16 MCM per year)

Pipeline in place; requires advocacy to open valve

Regional Desalination and Associated Work (55 MCM per year)

System configuration and upgrade (requires entry of materials)

$466 million total cost; $245.5M pledged; $5.5M committed.

Gap: $217M

Waste Water Treatment integrated into Waste Water Re-use

$226 million total cost; $174M committed. Gap: $52M

Required to initiate waste water re-use pilot

Operational & Maintenance Costs. $30 million. Gap: $18M

Summary of Key Actions for Water & Sanitation


Summary of key actions for energy

Build additional electrical infrastructure to import electricity from Israel (100MW).

Gap: $25million ($11M in Gaza; $14M in Israel)

Build additional electrical infrastructure to import electricity from Egypt(150MW, up to 300MW after 3 years).

Requires advocacy

Gap: $160million ($60M in Gaza; $100M in Egypt)

Increase amount of electricity coming through existing regional grid from Egypt from 28MW to 48MW

Upgrade Gaza Power Plant from diesel (1.7 NIS/KWh) to natural gas (0.35 NIS/KWh)

Existing plant can run on natural gas but requires new pipeline

Cost: $32million (can be built in 8 months)

Summary of Key Actions for Energy


Water and energy time for solutions from risk to resource 30 april 2014 palestinian water authority coastal municipalities water utility

Thank you!

Towards a collective partnership for sustainable WASH services


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