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Every Drop Counts: Conserve WATER Pamela R. Turner, Ph.D. Laurie Cantrell, MHS Winter School - January 22, 2008 Fun Facts about Water Human body is 66% water A living tree is about 75% water Almost 80% of the earth’s surface is covered with water

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Every drop counts conserve water l.jpg

Every Drop Counts: Conserve WATER

Pamela R. Turner, Ph.D.

Laurie Cantrell, MHS

Winter School - January 22, 2008


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Fun Facts about Water

  • Human body is 66% water

  • A living tree is about 75% water

  • Almost 80% of the earth’s surface is covered with water



Water jeopardy l.jpg
Water Jeopardy

  • This much of the earth’s water is suitable for drinking.

    What is ____________?


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Average Rainfall

  • 7 ½ inches in Phoenix, AZ

  • 15 inches in Denver, CO

  • 22 inches in Honolulu, HI

  • 36 inches in Seattle, WA

  • 40 inches in New York City

  • 50 inches in Atlanta, GA

  • 67 inches in Mobile, AL

  • 153 inches Ketchikan, AK


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Water Jeopardy conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Category: Indoor Water Use

  • Answer: 60 gallons

    What is _________________?


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Water Jeopardy conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Category: Indoor Water Use

  • Answer: 9.5 gallons

    What is ________________?


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Water Jeopardy conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Category: Indoor Water Use

  • Answer: Toilet

    What is ______________?


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Residential Indoor Uses of Water conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

Other – 2.3%

Leaks – 13.7%

Toilet – 26.8%

Dishwasher – 1.4%

Bath – 1.7%

Faucet – 15.7%

Shower – 16.7%

Clothes Washer – 21.7%

Source: Awwa Research Foundation (1999)


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Water Jeopardy conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Households use less water during this time of day.

    What is ____________?


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How Much Water Do conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.Georgians Use?

Source: Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District Water Supply & Water Conservation Plan, Georgia Department of Natural Resources Water Conservation Plan Guidelines (Draft)


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How much water do you use? conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Estimate the number of times you do the following on a day you are at home.

    • Shower

    • Flush the toilet

    • Brush your teeth

    • Shave

    • Do a load of laundry

    • Run the dishwasher


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Estimated daily water use conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • 1 x Shower

    • 25 gallons = 2.5 gpm x 10 minutes

  • 4 x Flush

    • 32 gallons = 8 gallons x 4 flushes

  • [2 x Brush teeth] + [1 x Shave]

    • 15 gallons = 3 gpm x 5 minutes

  • 1 x laundry

    • 41 gallons

  • 1 x dishwasher

    • 15 gallons

  • TOTAL = 128 Gallons

    Water Saver or Water Waster?


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5 Easy Water Saving Tips conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Wash laundry & dishes with full loads

  • Always turn off running water

  • Take shorter showers

  • Eliminate any and all leaks

  • Reduce the flow of toilets & showerheads


W ash a full load of laundry l.jpg
W conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.ash a full load of laundry

  • Average water use

    • Older washing machine 41 gallons

    • New washing machine < 28 gallons

  • For small loads of laundry, adjust the water setting to a lower level.


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W conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.ash a full load of dishes

  • Average water use:

    • Older machine 8 to 15 gallons

    • Newer machine 4 to 7 gallons

  • Don’t pre-rinse, just scrape the dishes

  • Just a few dishes?

    • Wash in the sink or a dish pan

    • Rinse with sprayer or in a pan


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A conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.lways turn off running water

  • Average faucet water flow:

    • Older 2 to 3 gallons per minute

    • New ≤ 1.5 gallons per minute

  • Turn the water on and off when:

    • Brushing your teeth

    • Shaving

  • Keep drinking water in refrigerator

  • Defrost food in the refrigerator

  • Compost instead of using the garbage disposal


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A conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.lways save clean running water

  • Collect water in buckets while waiting for shower water to warm

  • Use it for:

    • Watering indoor plants

    • Mopping the floor

    • Household chores


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Gray water conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Before reusing water or using “gray water” from bathtubs, showers, sinks and washing machines, contact your local health department. Several communities do not allow the use of gray water.


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T conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.ake shorter showers

  • Reduce your 10 minute shower to 5 minutes

    • Save up to 80 gallons of water

  • Take a “navy shower”

    • Turn the water off while you lather up and shampoo

    • Install a toggle switch to maintain a consistent temperature

  • Lower your bath water

    • Follow the 5-inch rule


E liminate any and all leaks l.jpg
E conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.liminate any and all leaks

  • LEAKY FAUCET

    • One drop per second = 9.5 gallons a day

  • LEAKY TOILET

    • 15 gallons of water a day lost

  • FINDING TOILET LEAKS

    • Remove the toilet tank cover and put in 5 to 10 drops of food coloring.

    • Wait 30 minutes.

    • If any color leaks into toilet bowl then you have a leak and you should fix it immediately.


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R conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.educe the flow of toilets

  • Almost half of the water used in a home is for toilets & showers.

  • Replace old toilets with new models using 1.5 gallons per flush (gpf) or less

    • Toilets made before 1978 use 4 to 8 gpf

    • 1978 to 1993 toilets use 3.5 gpf

    • Savings: 2 to 6.5 gpf

  • Reduce the water used per flush

    • Place a 2 liter bottle filled with pebbles or sand in the toilet tank. Saves about ½ gpf


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R conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.educe the flow of showerheads

  • Measure water flow

    • Hold a bucket under the showerhead.

    • Turn the water on full blast for thirty seconds.

    • Measure the number of cups of water in the bucket and multiply by two to get the number of gallons per minute.

  • Replace showerhead if over 2.5 gallons per minute

    • Older showerheads use 3 to 10 gallons per minute


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Low-Cost Ways to Save Water conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Toilet

    • Flush less often

    • Don’t use it for a trash can

  • Shower

    • Cut your shower time in half

  • Bathing (tub)

    • Reduce water level to 1/3 full or 5 inches


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Low-Cost Ways to Save Water conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Install aerators on faucets

    • Reduce the flow from 2 to 3 gpm to 1.5 gpm

  • Wash full loads of laundry & dishes

  • Stop washing one dish at a time

    • Save up to 15 gallons by washing & rinsing in the sink or a dish pan


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Low-Cost Ways to Save Water conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Change your teeth brushing and shaving behaviors

    • Wet your toothbrush and then turn the tap off (save about 5 gallons)

    • Turn the tap on and off while shaving

    • Brush your teeth and shave in the shower


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Long-Term Water Conservation conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Toilet

    • Install a low-flow or high efficiency model that uses 1.5 to 1.3 gallons per flush

    • When shopping, look for the WaterSense label (www.epa.gov/watersense)

  • Shower

    • Install a 1.5 gallons per minute showerhead


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Long-Term Water Conservation conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Clothes Washer

    • Replace your old washer with a high efficiency machine that uses less than 28 gallons per load

  • Dishwasher

    • Replace your old machine with a high efficiency model that uses 4 to 7 gallons per load

  • Look for the Energy Star label (www.energystar.gov)


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Long-Term Water Conservation conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Hot Water

    • Insulate water pipes to get hot water faster and avoid wasting water while it reaches the correct temperature

    • Install an on-demand or tankless hot water heater


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Summary conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Water Conservation is about more than buying new gadgets…..

  • It’s about changing your habits.


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5 Easy Water Saving Tips conserve water as seriously low water levels in North Georgia and drought conditions throughout the state continue to threaten the water supply.

  • Wash laundry & dishes with full loads

  • Always turn off running water

  • Take shorter showers

  • Eliminate any and all leaks

  • Reduce the flow of toilets & showerheads


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