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Motion. Pg. 322-332 in your textbook. What is Motion?. All matter in the universe is constantly in motion, from the revolution of Earth around the Sun to electrons moving around the nucleus of an atom. . Anything in motion changes position. Speed.

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motion

Motion

Pg. 322-332 in your textbook.

what is motion
What is Motion?
  • All matter in the universe is constantly in motion, from the revolution of Earth around the Sun to electrons moving around the nucleus of an atom.
  • Anything in motion changes position.
speed
Speed
  • Speed is the distance traveled divided by the time it takes to travel that distance.
  • Speed is calculated from the following equation:
speed practice 1
Speed Practice #1
  • This motorcycle travels 100-m in 10.2 seconds. What is the speed of this motorcycle to the nearest 10th?
  • Answer: 9.8 m/s
speed practice 2
Speed Practice #2
  • A runner completes a 400-m race in 43.9 s. In a 100-m race, he finishes in 10.4 s. In which race was his speed faster (nearest 10th)?
  • Answer: The runner’s speed was 9.1 m/s in the 400-m race and 9.6 m/s in the 100-m race. Therefore, he is faster in the 100-m race.
velocity
Velocity
  • Velocity is the speed of an object and the direction of its motion.
  • This would be used, for example, if you were hiking in the woods since you would want to know your speed AND the direction you were moving.
  • Velocity is calculated using the speed equation AND direction.
velocity practice
Velocity Practice
  • Calculate the velocity of a dancer who moves 5 ft to the left of the stage over 15 min (nearest hundredth).
  • Answer: 0.33 ft/min left
acceleration
Acceleration
  • Acceleration is the change in velocity divided by the time it takes for the change to occur.
  • Acceleration is calculated from the following equation:
acceleration practice 1
Acceleration Practice #1
  • A bicycle accelerates from rest to 6 mi/s in 2 s. What is the bicycle’s acceleration?
  • Answer: 3 mi/s2.
acceleration practice 2
Acceleration Practice #2
  • Find the acceleration of a train whose speed decreases from 17 m/s to 7 m/s in 120 s (nearest thousandth).
  • Answer: -0.083 m/s2
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