Ch. 13: The Rise of a Mass Democracy. Election of 1824 & the “Corrupt Bargain”. 1. Clay supports Adams 2. Clay = Sec. of State =
Ch. 13: The Rise of a Mass Democracy
1. Clay supports Adams 2. Clay = Sec. of State =
3. Stepping stone to presidency
1. Jackson won
move was planned
The Creek Indians appealed to Adams to renounce the treaty.
Congress sided with the governor of GA.
Voting Requirements in the Early 19c
Voter Turnout: 1820 - 1860
Campaigning “on the Stump”
- Popular democracy at it’s finest -Man of the people vs. the aristocracy
- All regions unite to support him
a. Revolutionary War
b. War of 1812
3. Undemocratic – “Old Hickory”
a. Hated natives
b. Slave owner
4. Little political experience
“Jackson’s Kitchen Cabinet”
1. Tariffs & Sectionalism:
Who’s for? Who’s against?
a. Supported by merchants
b. Increases sales of American made goods
a. Feared tariff retaliation on cotton
b. Luxury goods prices would increase
4. Tariff of Abomination (1828) a. Supported by North & Jackson
b. South – unconstitutional; hardest hit
c. May pass other unconstitutional laws
a. Protects rights of minority (south)
b. Is a threat to national unity (AJ)
c. The S.C. Exposition: Pamphlet proposing states nullify tariff of 1828; Written by VP J.C. Calhoun
Allowed gov’t to collect taxes at gun point since S.C. refused
Henry Clay North
a. Most assimilated
b. Cherokee Nation v. Ga & Worcester v. Ga.
i. as dependent nations, states cannot make natives give up there lands
ii. Jackson ignores the verdict and supports the states
c. Trail of Tears (1838)
Demonstrated the unfairness of majority rule
Trail of Tears (1838-1839)
a. No national currency =
a. Farmers/urban worker
b. Pres. Jackson
Jackson removes gov’t money from US bank = death of the National bank.
Opposition to the 2nd B.U.S.
The Bank & the 1832 Election
Positions on the Key Issues of 1832
1832 Election Results
The Specie Circular (1836)
Results of the Specie Circular
The Panic of 1837!
The Panic of 1837 Hits Everyone!
The Panic of 1837 Spreads Quickly!
The 1836 Election Results
Martin Van Buren
Think TJ & Democratic-Republicans
South and west
Think Hamilton and Federalists
Clays American System
Strong gov’t; intervention
Religion and self-discipline important
William H. Harrison
Legal settlement by Amer. (conditional)Stephen Austin
a. Formal contracts
b. Amer. to become Mexican citizens
c. convert to Catholicism
d. Slavery allowed
2. Pop: more Amer. than Mex.
3. Mex. Gov’t turns on Amer.
1836: Texans declare independence
6. “Remember the Alamo!”
1836 defeat of Americans at the Alamo by Santa Anna
Americans redeem themselves in the spring of 1836 and win over Gen. Santa Ann
Treaty of Velasco w/Gen. Santa Anna = border at Rio Grande; Mex. Congress rejects it
Republic of Texas 1836-1845; slavery an issue for statehood
Statehood: Dec. 1845
80% voter turnout
Reached out to everyday people
Was vague re: stance on issues of the day
Dies one month into presidency
Whigs (later the Republicans) and Democrats; both stem from the Jeffersonian Republican