Evaluation and stance in public and commercial broadcasters’ news bulletins - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Evaluation and stance in public and commercial broadcasters news bulletins
Download
1 / 15

  • 97 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Evaluation and stance in public and commercial broadcasters’ news bulletins. Gisela Redeker & Evelien Klok University of Groningen. This ppt file will be made available at http://www.let.rug.nl/~redeker. Overview. Public vs Commercial Broadcasters’ News Corpus: Internet News Bulletins

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Evaluation and stance in public and commercial broadcasters’ news bulletins

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Evaluation and stance in public and commercial broadcasters news bulletins

Evaluation and stance in public and commercial broadcasters’ news bulletins

Gisela Redeker & Evelien Klok

University of Groningen

This ppt file will be made available at

http://www.let.rug.nl/~redeker

Evaluation and Text Types Augsburg, 23 July 2005


Overview

Overview

  • Public vs Commercial Broadcasters’ News

  • Corpus: Internet News Bulletins

  • Appraisal Analysis

  • Results

  • Preliminary Conclusions

  • Questions and Problems

Redeker & Klok


Public and commercial news broadcasts

Public and Commercial News Broadcasts

  • Dutch public broadcaster NOS

    • Mission: information, inspiration, entertainment

    • TV news: NOS Journaal

    • Internet news: www.nos.nl

  • Dutch commercial broadcaster RTL4

    • Mission: easy entertainment

    • TV news: RTL4 Nieuws

    • Internet news: www.rtl.nl

Redeker & Klok


Corpus of internet news bulletins

Corpus of Internet News Bulletins

  • 30 topic-matched pairs of texts (NOS, RTL4) collected on six days between 29 Sept – 6 Oct 2004 (excluding the weekend)

  • Topics: national and international political news, some human interest items

  • Number of words:

Redeker & Klok


Text lengths per category words

Text Lengths per Category (# words)

Redeker & Klok


Appraisal analysis attitude

Appraisal Analysis: Attitude

  • Affect: emotional positioning

  • Judgement: ethical positioning

    • explicit, provoked, evoked

  • Appreciation: esthetic positioning

Based on Iedema et al (1994), White (1998), and Martin & Rose (2003)

Added: source of attitude (not only for affect)

Redeker & Klok


Appraisal analysis engagement

Appraisal Analysis: Engagement

  • Monogloss

    • Facts, author’s interpretations, presuppositions

  • Dialogic Contraction

    • Disclaim: Denial, Counter

    • Proclaim: Pronounce, Concur, Endorse

  • Dialogic Expansion

    • Entertain

    • Attribute: Acknowledge, Distance

    • Report (our addition)

Redeker & Klok


Appraisal analysis graduation

Appraisal Analysis: Graduation

  • Force

    • Intensity

    • Quantity (amount, time, space)

    • Enhancement

  • Focus

    • Valeur (sharpening/softening of category boundaries)

    • Fulfilment (qualification of processes)

Redeker & Klok


Quantitative results attitudes

Quantitative Results: Attitudes

Redeker & Klok


Quantitative results engagement

Quantitative Results: Engagement

Redeker & Klok


Engagement dialogic expansion

Engagement: Dialogic Expansion

Redeker & Klok


Quantitative results graduation

Quantitative Results: Graduation

Redeker & Klok


Preliminary conclusions

Preliminary Conclusions

Compared to RTL4 Internet bulletins, NOS news bulletins:

  • give more background (explanations, reactions, past and related events) for political news items;

  • contain more Attitudes, esp. a very high number of negative Judgements;

  • give more quoted or reported statements (Acknowledge);

  • contain more Graduation, esp. intensifiers, attitude-strengthening quantifications, and focus softeners.

Redeker & Klok


Problems and questions

Problems and Questions

  • Text-level quantitative analysis ignores differences in length and content

    • Classification of sentences (main news, background, etc.)

    • Sentence-level comparisons (to correlate codings)

  • How to deal with quoted discourse?

    • Our analysis includes Attitudes in discourse from other sources (and codes them as Acknowledge, Distance, or Report), but does not analyse the textual function of attributed material (e.g. Denial, Counter)

  • When to code Graduation?

    • Force: Quantity was only coded when it induced an attitudinal stance

Redeker & Klok


References

References

  • Fairclough, N. (1995). Media discourse. London: Arnold.

  • Hood, S. (2004). Appraising research. Taking a stance in academic writing. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Technology, Sidney.

  • Hunston, S. & Thompson, G. (eds.) (2000). Evaluation in text: Authorial stance and

  • the construction of discourse. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

  • Iedema, R., Feez, S., White, P.R.R. (1994). Media literacy. Sydney: Disadvantaged Schools Program, NSW Department of School Education.

  • Martin, J.R., & Rose, D. (2003). Working with discourse. Meaning beyond the clause. London: Continuum.

  • White, P.R.R. (1998). Telling media tales. The news story as rhetoric. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Sydney.

  • White, P.R.R. (2001-2005). An outline of appraisal. The appraisal website. http://www.grammatics.com/appraisal/index.html (1 October 2004).

  • White P.R.R. (2003). Beyond modality and hedging: a dialogic view of the language of intersubjective stance. Text 23(2): 259-284.

Redeker & Klok


  • Login