slide1
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Industrial / Commercial Burners

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 50

CEC GTI Large Commercial Commercial Industrial Equipment ... - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 522 Views
  • Uploaded on

CEC – Natural Gas Public Interest Research Program Large Industrial/Commercial Equipment Gas Quality Stakeholders’ Technical Committee Meeting Gas Company Tower Los Angeles, CA January 10, 2006. Industrial / Commercial Burners. Area with least interchangeability data

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'CEC GTI Large Commercial Commercial Industrial Equipment ...' - ryanadan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide1

CEC – Natural Gas Public Interest Research ProgramLarge Industrial/Commercial EquipmentGas Quality Stakeholders’ Technical Committee MeetingGas Company TowerLos Angeles, CAJanuary 10, 2006

industrial commercial burners
Industrial / Commercial Burners
  • Area with least interchangeability data
  • GTI is conducting a survey with California focus for 11-member sponsor group of
    • Work is currently underway
    • Expected completion of Jan. 31, 2006
    • Data to be input into CEC project
  • CEC Project planned for 2006
    • GTI – industrial burner interchangeability testing
    • LBNL – appliance air quality
task 1 industrial burners
Task 1 – Industrial Burners
  • Burners
    • Classification
    • Applications
    • Physical types
    • manufacturers
  • California industrial gas use by industry
  • California burner population
  • Burner performance variables
  • Burner test protocols
  • Current range of California gas
  • Established current California gas ranges
  • Anticipated LNG and off-spec gas
upcoming cec project
Upcoming CEC Project
  • Expected start in March, 2006
  • Stakeholders committee to monitor usefulness of project results
  • Technical advisory committee relying on expertise to assist project team as project proceeds
  • Activities
    • Selection of performance variables, test protocols, burners with control systems
    • Testing in GTI laboratory furnaces
    • Modeling of burner sensitivity to fuel changes
industrial burner classification criteria
Industrial Burner Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
major burner control methods
Major Burner Control Methods
  • On / Off Operation
  • High / Low Operation
  • Modulating or variable firing rate
major process control variables
Major Process Control Variables
  • Furnace Temperature
  • Load Temperature
  • Load Temperature Uniformity
  • Oxygen Trimming
  • Moisture Content
  • Time-temperature profile
  • Time at setpoint temperature
burner applications
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Thermal Radiation
    • Drying
    • Plastic thermoforming
    • Paint curing
  • Radiant Tube
    • Indirect heating
  • Radiant Wall
    • Process Industry
burner applications9
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Metals Industry
  • Ceramic/Glass Industry
burner applications10
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Zinc Distillation
  • Metals Industry
  • Glass Industry
burner applications11
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Chemical and Hydrocarbon Process Industries
burner applications12
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Steam Generation
  • Water Heating
  • Space Heating
burner applications13
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Space Heating
  • Turbine Exhaust
  • Uniform Spread Heating
burner applications14
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Metal Heating
  • Metal Melting
  • Glass Melting
  • Mineral Calcining
burner applications15
Burner Applications
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Petrochemical Industries
industrial natural gas demand by sector in california 2000 2004

Petroleum

35%

Other

18%

.

Nonmetallic Mineral

3%

Glass

Oil and Gas

3%

extraction

13%

Fabricated Metal

3%

Primary Metal

Food and Beverage

4%

10%

Sugar and Frozen

Chemical

Food

4%

7%

Industrial Natural Gas Demandby Sector in California (2000-2004)

Source: California Energy Commission

burner use in california
Burner Use in California
  • Petrochemical(53.3% of Natural Gas Usage)
    • Natural Draft Burners
    • Radiant Burners
    • Boiler Burners
    • Flare Burners
  • Food Processing(17.0% of Natural Gas Usage)
    • Radiant Burners
    • Linear Burners
  • Glass and Cement Industry (7.3% of Natural Gas Usage)
    • Regenerative Burner Systems
    • Oxy-Fuel Burners
    • Air-Staged Diffusion Mixed
burner use in california18
Burner Use in California
  • Metal Industry(7.2% of Natural Gas Usage)
    • Radiant Burners
    • Oxy-fuel Burners
    • High Velocity Burners
    • Boiler Burners
    • Regenerative Burner Systems
  • Paper and Textile Industry(7.2% of Natural Gas Usage)
    • Boiler Burners
    • Radiant Burners
  • Other Use(combined total 7.9% of Natural Gas Usage)
burner evaluation criteria
Burner Evaluation Criteria

Incomplete

Combustion

Flame

Temperature

Noise

Heat Flux

Emissions

Turndown

Ratio

Stability

Air-Fuel

Ratio

Exhaust

Temperature

Furnace

Temperature

Flame

Shape

Ignition

Limits

major affected parameters
Major Affected Parameters
  • Stability
    • Flashback, lift-off, blowout, pressure fluctuations
  • Flame shape
    • Flame length and diameter
  • Emissions
    • CO, NOx, UHC, VOC
  • Burner noise
  • Flame heat release
    • Flame and flue gas temperature, heat flux
  • Turndown ratio
burner evaluation traditional
Burner Evaluation - Traditional
  • Flue gas and furnace temperature
    • Suction pyrometer (aspirator)
    • Thermocouples
  • Stability
    • Air pressure/noise fluctuation
    • Visual lift-off & flashback (premixed)
  • Flame shape and length
    • Visual observation (template measurement)
  • Heat release
    • Optical heat flux probe
    • Heat balance calculations
  • Noise
    • Microphone
  • Emissions
    • Gas sampling to external analyzers
burner evaluation advanced
Burner Evaluation - Advanced
  • Exhaust and furnace temperature
    • Laser diagnostics
    • Thermal imaging
  • Stability
    • Optical sensor observation of flame stability
    • Acoustic measurements
  • Flame shape and length
    • Optical sensor monitor of flame shape
    • Composition monitoring of flame envelope (chemical length)
  • Emissions
    • Laser diagnostics (FT-IR)
    • Doping induced luminescence
  • Flame temperature
    • Laser diagnostics
sdg e socalgas service area
SDG&E/SoCalGas Service Area

Source: California Energy Commission

classification criteria
Diffusion Mixed

Non-Staged

Air Staged

Fuel Staged

Partial Pre-mixed

Non-Staged

Air Staged

Pre-Mixed

Non-Staged

Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
classification criteria28
Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
  • Gas
  • Liquid
  • Solid
  • Dual
classification criteria29
Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
  • Air
  • Oxygen
  • Oxygen Enriched Air
  • Preheated Air
classification criteria30
Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
  • Forced Draft
  • Natural Draft
  • Inspirated
  • Aspirated
classification criteria31
Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
  • Direct
  • Indirect
classification criteria32
Classification Criteria
  • Mixing Type
  • Fuel Type
  • Oxidizer Type
  • Draft Type
  • Heating Type
  • Burner Geometry
  • Round Nozzle
  • Rectangular Nozzle
  • Swirl
burner types
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
burner types35
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Radiant Wall
  • Thermal Radiation
  • Radiant Tube
burner types36
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Radiant Wall
    • Natural Draft
    • Forced Draft
      • Pre-mixed
      • Non-Premixed
  • Thermal Radiation
  • Radiant Tube
burner types37
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Radiant Wall
  • Thermal Radiation
    • Porous Ceramic
    • Ported Ceramic
    • Fiber Metal
    • Flame Impingement
    • Catalytic
    • Perforated Ceramic
    • Porous Refractory
    • Wire Mesh
  • Radiant Tube
burner types38
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Radiant Wall
  • Thermal Radiation
  • Radiant Tube
    • Non-Circulating
    • Recirculating
    • Forced Draft
    • Inspirating
burner types39
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Pre-mixed
  • Diffusion Mixed
  • Partially Pre-mixed
  • Air Staged
burner types40
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • One Box
  • Two Box
  • Rotary / Heat Wheel
  • Radiant Tube
burner types41
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Round Flame
  • Wall Fired Flat Flame
  • Radiant Wall
  • Flat Flame
burner types42
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Low NOx
  • Ultra Low NOx
  • Conventional
burner types43
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Low NOx
    • External Flue Gas Recirculation (EFGR)
    • Air Staged
    • Fuel Staged
    • Fuel Induced Recirculation
  • Ultra Low NOx
  • Conventional
burner types44
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Low NOx
  • Ultra Low NOx
    • Pre-mixed
    • Partially Premixed
    • Rapid Mix
    • Internal Flue Gas Recirculation
  • Conventional
burner types45
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Low NOx
  • Ultra Low NOx
  • Conventional
    • Swirl
    • Register
burner types46
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Duct
    • Linear Grid
    • Grid
  • Make-up Air
burner types47
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Air-Oxy Fuel
    • Concentric Pipe
    • Multiple Nozzle
    • Flat Flame
    • Staged
  • Oxy-Fuel
    • Polishing
    • Forehearth
burner types48
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Single Point
    • Non Assisted
    • Simple Steam Assisted
    • Advanced Steam Assisted
    • Low Pressure Air Assisted
  • Multi-point
  • Enclosed
burner types49
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Single Point
  • Multi-point
    • Non Assisted
    • Simple Steam Assisted
    • Advanced Steam Assisted
    • Low Pressure Air Assisted
  • Enclosed
burner types50
Burner Types
  • Radiant Burners
  • High Velocity Burners
  • Regenerative Burners
  • Natural Draft Burners
  • Boiler Burners
  • Linear Grid / In-Duct Burners
  • Oxygen Enhanced / Oxy-Fuel Burners
  • Flare Burners
  • Single Point
  • Multi-point
  • Enclosed
    • Non Assisted
    • Simple Steam Assisted
    • Advanced Steam Assisted
    • Low Pressure Air Assisted
ad