Ch. 30-Vehicle Stabilization and Victim Extrication. Basic Guidelines. Safely reach the victim Render first aid care without risk of personal injury Move any supplies or equipment without risk to your own safety
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If a car is on fire and firefighting personnel have not arrived, follow these guidelines:
If you approach an accident with downed power lines
1. To help locate all victims, look for ____________.
(blood/torn clothing/tracks in the earth or snow)
2. If a vehicle is on fire and the victims are not trapped,
(call the fire department/move the victims/fight the fire)
3. If there are downed power lines, have the victims
( jump clear of the car/step out of the car/stay in the car)
1. You should consider ____________ vehicle unstable. (an overturned/a stacked/any)
2. To stabilize an overturned vehicle, chain the ____________ to a post or tree.
3. If a vehicle rests on all four tires, place an automatic gear selector in ____________.
4. To stabilize an upright vehicle that is resting on all four tires, use blocks or wedges at the __________. (frame/bumpers/wheels)
5. The first step in trying to gain access to a victim is to try the ____________. (door nearest the victim/window nearest the victim/window farthest from the victim)
6. Try to open the door with ____________. (a crowbar/a tire iron/the door handle)
7. If you need to break a window, choose the one ____________ the victim.
(closest to/farthest from/across from)
8. If you can, put strips of ____________ over the window before you break it. (tape/aluminum foil/webbing)
1. Place the backboard flat on the seat.
2. Have one First Aider keep the victim’s head and neck in alignment with the body while another First Aider maintains alignment of the feet and legs
3. While the body is kept in alignment, have at least one other First Aider reach over the seat and grasp the victim’s clothing at the waist, hips, and thighs.
4. On signal from the First Aider at the victim’s head, lift the victim onto the backboard, maintaining body alignment. Secure the victim to the backboard and remove the person from the car.
1. Your first priority once you are in the vehicle with the victim is to ____________. (secure the person to a backboard/give psychological support/ perform a primary survey)
2. If more than one victim is involved, ___________.
(send for help/perform triage/stay out of the vehicle)
3. If necessary, you can immobilize the victim’s neck with a ____________. (blanket/seat belt/bandage)
4. ____________ combined with weather extremes can be fatal during long extrication. (Bleeding/Shock /Head injury)