EVERYTHING EGYPT. 6CASTALDO 2014. Fast Facts Family Mother: Nefertiti’s mother was Tiy, the Royal Nurse for the pharaoh and his family. Father: Aye/Ay (there were different spellings) was the Grand Vizier of Ancient Egypt.
Mother: Nefertiti’s mother was Tiy, the Royal Nurse for the pharaoh and his family.
Father: Aye/Ay (there were different spellings) was the Grand Vizier of Ancient Egypt.
Sibling: Nefertiti had a sister- Mutbenret. There is, however, a theory that Mutbenret was identical to the wife of the pharaoh Horemheb.Nefertiti
By: Andrea Tobing
Nefertiti’s husband was a pharaoh named Amenhotep IV, who ruled in the 18th Dynasty.
The Great Royal Wife
Remember: Polytheism is the belief in many gods
Nefertiti’s name was Neferneferuaten-Nefertiti and Amenhotep’s name was Akhenaten.
The Great Royal Wife
There were over 700 Hieroglyphics
Scribes were the people who could write Hieroglyphics
There was a shorter form of Hieroglyphics, called hieratic
They were also called “The words of the Gods”
Tombs were for the wealthy
Tombs help them pass to the afterlife
The tombs have all their belongings
The Egyptian tombs were in pyramids
The coffins would be located in the tombs inside the pyramid
They were mummified in the coffins
Some tombs have not been touched for 3000years
Tombs have great leaders in them
Their mummified bodies housed in coffins where preserved in the tombs for 1000s of years
Romans also used tombs just like the Egyptians to bury the dead
Some tombs were raided since these chambers contained expensive belongings from great leaders to be carried to the afterlife
Tombs stopped being built during the Renaissance
A sphinx is a mythical creature with the head of a man and a body of a lion. The most famous sphinx is The Great Sphinx. It’s just like every other Ancient Egyptian sphinx, only huge. The Great Sphinx of Giza is believed to be the most immense, surviving stone sculpture of Ancient Egypt. It is the most massive sphinx, out of hundreds, in Egypt.
The Great Sphinx
The most famous out of all the sphinxes.
240 feet (73 m) long, 66 feet (20 m) high, and 20 feet (6 m) wide.
Was carved down, not built.
The Great Sphinx of Giza is made of limestone bedrock. It was a good material to carve from because it was nice and hard, helping it last for years to come. Even so, The Great Sphinx isn’t exactly what you would call “good as new”. Years of weathering and erosion have taken its toll on the Sphinx. That might explain why it’s missing a nose!
By: Julie Sung 6C
Senet(The game of passing) was played when someone died.
The game was played because it was believed it would help the person successfully go to the afterlife.
Senet can be seen as a primitive form of chess, since there were 3 rows of 10 squares and figures called spools and cones.
The exact rules are unknown; we can only take our best guess from hieroglyphics.
Senet was usually played after a pharaoh’s passing.
Ancient Egyptian Hockey was played with palm tree branches bent at end.
The ball was made from papyrus fibers and two pieces of leather.
A referee was used to keep the game going and to keep score.
Two players were required to play Tug of Hoop.
The players had curved staffs that they used to try to take the hoop from one another.
In order to win this game, it was always crucial that you performed many physical maneuvers.
The hoop was also forbidden in the game to fall on the floor!
Ancient Egyptians used economy to survive.
Pyramids were made By Egyptians, Pyramids were made for Pharaohs and queens
Egyptian’s Priests had become more powerful since they communicated with the gods and cared for them. Priests also performed funeral rites and taught at schools. Furthermore, they advised the people on problems as well as supervising the artisans and works.
The ancient Egyptian religion had guided every aspect of their lives. It was based on polytheism, which means they worshipped many gods and goddesses. The Egyptians worshipped as many as 2,000 gods and goddesses. Some gods like Amon-Ra were worshipped throughout Egypt. Their gods and goddesses are represented as part human, part animal. Think of a person with animal wings or with a jackal head. Egyptians created temples so the gods could dwell within them. Temples are found everywhere in Egypt. Also, Egyptian cities had special temples devoted to their god/goddesses. Their temples were used by men to communicate with the gods.
Egyptians saw deathas a transitional stage in route to a better life. If they were able to reach the afterlife, they would start a new life and reach their full potential. Egyptians’ bodies were mummified after death and buried with everything necessary to reach the afterlife. This was considered essential to preserve the body.
Interesting Fact: Since the Egyptians, like the Mesopotamians, didn’t know what caused certain things like flooding, they’d blame the gods and tried different ways to make them happy and in return, bless them.
The Ancient Egyptian sun god Ra is represented by life and rebirth. They had said that once the sun sets, he dies, but gets “reborn” when it rises again. This widely known god eventually gets “morphed” with Amon, the father of gods. The merge made the two gods into one called Amon-Ra.
Osiris is the god of the dead as well as being the ruler of the underworld. He is represented as a mummified man wearing white clothing. He is also the god of resurrection and fertility. Egyptians had believed that he gave them barley which was an important crop.
Horus is Osiris and Isis’s son and also the god of the sky. He is represented with a head of a hawk and the body of a man. This probably was to represent his control of the sky and the fact that they are most of the time shown with a human part. He is well-known for being the protector and ruler of Egypt.
Iris was a protective goddess, and used powerful magical spells to help Egyptians in need. Isis is also the wife Osiris.
Anubis is the god of embalming and the dead. He is represented as a man with a jackal head. Since those are often in the cemeteries, Egyptians believed that he always watched over the dead.
The god of wisdom, learning, writing, and also the patron of scribes is called Thoth. The Egyptians thought that this god was the one who had given them the gift of Hieroglyphics, which is their form of writing.
Sources: Notes on Religion from 3/21/14
Slides by Matthew D. Snyder Enjoy
Ancient Egyptians could not explain nature and creation so they used gods and goddesses as their explanation. As polytheists, the Egyptians with several gods and goddesses responsible for different things, such as life and the afterlife.
Image from: http://ancientegyptonline.co.uk/images/Anubis4.jpg
Image of Eye of Horus RX from http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_d3Tzjzhz9V8/TMuQSjxB9LI/AAAAAAAABlY/S56QmiuF44g/s400/Eye_of_Horus_Prescription.png
Created by: Jason Kim
This tale begins when a young boy named Horus avenges a god named Seth who took over a territory which belongs to Horus.
When he Egyptians explain these myths to different people at different places, they say the myth in a different story.
Studies say that when these myths were told, there were no explanations if the Ancient Egyptians thought that these were humorous or serious.
- The Eye of Horus is lost during the war between Horus and Seth. Horus loses his right eye and a moon god named Thoth restores this lost eye and is was given a name like something wholesome or healthy.
- Each piece of the Eye of Horus was given a specific fraction of what it represents such as taste is 1/32 percent.
- In other myths, they say that the right eye of Horus was torn out and the solar eclipse was occurring like the sun was momentarily blocked by the sky.
Back then Egypt wasn’t that peaceful due to fighting over the Nile river for water.
Most Egyptians caused warfare to expand their lands or gain more power.
(List of weapons they used in warfare)
-bows and arrows, and javelins
(some weapons Egyptians used)
The Vizier was the Pharaoh\'s chief advisor and was sometimes the High Priest. He was responsible for overseeing all official documents to have his seal of approval. He was also responsible for the supply of food, and the Pharaoh\'s household.
priests were responsible for keeping the gods happy.they spent there time performing rituals and ceremonies for the god in there temple.
Jewelry- Male and female Egyptians wore jewelry to show their wealth since only the rich were able to afford gold. They also wore gold jewelry to be more attractive to the gods. Some types of gold jewelry the Egyptians wore are rings, earrings, bracelets, decorated buttons, neck collars and pendants.
Make Up- both men and women wore make up. Mostly black and green eye shadow. Henna dye was used to color their lips, nails, andskin.
Made by: Simone Hodara 6-C
Egyptians wore light clothes made from linen (linen is made of flax - a plant)
The richer the people were the nicer material they had
Egyptian men wore - a wrap around a skirt that was tied with a belt.
The length depended on the fashion of the time.
Old Kingdom- Short garment
Middle Kingdom- Calf length garment
New Kingdom- Pleated garment
Egyptian women wore –
a full length straight
dress with one or two
Children wore - they did not were clothing until the age of six
Made by: Simone Hodara 6-C
Tools they used:
Used resources such as…
Ancient Egyptians used this method to classify each injury…
Egyptians also were very hygienic to be healthy and also because of religion.
They also had ‘braces’ for your feet and such to keep it in place if broken or sprained.
Greg Moritz Ebers, a German Egyptologist, discovered the document in Thebes (Luxor), Egypt in 1873-1874.
Is currently in the library of the University of Leipzig in Germany.
Written in hieroglyphics, for example…
By: William Shin