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Mid-term 8 th Grade American History Rutledge/Jones PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Mid-term 8 th Grade American History Rutledge/Jones. Units 1 - 4. 1. Which of the following was MOST responsible for the spread of knowledge during the Renaissance? SS 08-4.2.2 DOK 2. The rediscovery of the classical thinkers of Greece and Rome.

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Mid-term 8 th Grade American History Rutledge/Jones

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8th Grade American History


Units 1 - 4

1. Which of the following was MOST responsible for the spread of knowledge during the Renaissance? SS 08-4.2.2 DOK 2

  • The rediscovery of the classical thinkers of Greece and Rome.

  • The rapid growth of scientific study and discoveries.

  • The movement of scholars from the Byzantine Empire to Europe.

  • The development of the printing press and movable type.


2. Which of the following statements BEST describes the cause of increase trade between Europe and Asia in the late Middle Ages? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • Marco Polo’s stories of Asia’s great wealth led many Europeans to seek out Asian goods.

  • European merchants traded with Asia due to a lack of valuable natural resources in Europe.

  • The growth of towns during the Middle Ages led to an increase demand for Asian trade goods.

  • The interruption of trade caused by the Crusades led many merchants to travel to Asia in search of trade partners.


3. What was the MAIN reason European merchants began searching for a sea route to Asia in the 1400s? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • They wanted to bypass merchants who had a monopoly on Asian products.

  • Overland trade routes had become more dangerous than they had been.

  • Many educated Asians had become interested in European cultures.

  • Direct access to African goods would have increased profits.


4. How do scientists think people first migrated to the Americas? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • After the Ice Age, glaciers melted and people crossed by land.

  • After the Ice Age, glaciers melted and people came in large boats.

  • During the Ice Age, the sea froze and people crossed the ice.

  • During the Ice Age, the sea level dropped and people crossed by land.


5. Why did the ways of life of Native Americans change forever in the 1500s? SS 08-4.3.2 & SS 08-5.2.1 DOK 2

  • Because of the climate.

  • Because of the wars between nations.

  • Because of the arrival of the Europeans.

  • Because of the lack of food.


6. Christopher Columbus’s four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean...SS 08-5.1.2 & SS 08-5.2.1 DOK 2

  • Led to an exchange of people, foods, and germs between Europe and the Americas.

  • Led to a decline in Europe’s population because of new diseases.

  • Led to the introduction of slavery to Spain and other parts of Europe.

  • Led to a race between Spain and India to claim large parts of the Americas.


7. Why did European diseases in the Americas help create the slave trade?SS 08-3.2.1 & SS 08-5.2.1 DOK 2

  • Because European disease frightened native laborers, who refused to work for the colonists.

  • Because European diseases killed so many Native Americans that a new labor force was needed.

  • Because European colonists became too ill to work, so another source of labor had to be found.

  • Because Africans were not immune to European diseases, they had to be forced to work as slaves for the colonists.


8. Why did the French treat Native Americans with more respect than some other European settler?SS 08-2.3.1 & SS 08-3.2.1 DOK 2

  • Because of their close trading relationships.

  • Because of the greater attraction of settlements in Canada.

  • Because religious wars in France distracted French colonists.

  • Because of the absence of a flourishing fur trade.


9. Which generalization best sums up the founding of the English colonies?SS 08-2.3.1 DOK 2

  • The English colonies were founded by people with different goals ranging from making money to following their faith.

  • The English colonies were founded by business people who planned to make money by selling land to settlers.

  • The English colonies were founded by Puritans, Quakers, and Catholics who wanted a place to worship in peace.

  • The English colonies were founded to provide a new start to poor people throughout Europe.


10. In European nations, the practice of carefully controlling trade to create and maintain wealth was called...SS 08-2.3.1 DOK 2

  • Brokering

  • Capitalism

  • Profiteering

  • Mercantilism


11. Which of the following is an example of mercantilism?SS 08-3.2.1 DOK 2

  • The English colonist could only trade its natural resources to European countries.

  • The English colonists could only trade its iron ore and other valuable natural resources with England.

  • The English colonists were free to trade with any country as long as England received the profits.

  • The English colonists were free to trade with any country and keep the profits.


12. Why are the Mayflower Compact, the Fundamental Orders, and town meetings created by the colonists’ examples of a democratic government? SS 08-5.2.2 DOK 2

  • It showed the determination of colonists to build societies based on religious freedom.

  • It showed the determination of colonists to solve conflicts with Native Americans peacefully.

  • It showed the determination of colonists to govern themselves and solve their own problems.

  • It showed the determination of colonists to stop indentured servants from coming to America.


13. Why was the Stamp Act of 1765 upsetting to the colonists? SS 08-2.3.1 DOK 2

  • To enforce it, Britain placed its own judges on the benches of colonial courts.

  • To enforce it, Britain’s standing army used violence to frighten taxpayers.

  • It was the first attempt by Parliament to tax exports, not just imports.

  • It was the first time Parliament had tried to tax colonists directly.


14. Why did the colonists send the Olive Branch Petition to Great Britain? SS 08-2.3.2 DOK 2

  • To persuade volunteers to join the Continental Army.

  • To persuade Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act.

  • To persuade King George III to make peace with the colonies.

  • To persuade British troops to leave Boston.


15. Why was the Declaration of Independence written? SS 08-1.3.1 DOK 2

  • To explain why the colonists thought “taxation without representation” was unfair.

  • To explain what Britain needed to do to win back the loyalty of the colonies.

  • To explain what other nations could do to help the colonies win their freedom.

  • To explain why it was time for the colonies to separate from Great Britain.


16. Why did Thomas Jefferson feel the colonists had the right to break away from Great Britain? SS 08-5.2.2 DOK 2

  • Jefferson did not believe in any form of government.

  • Jefferson did not agree that social contracts should be obeyed.

  • Great Britain did not protect the rights of the colonists.

  • Great Britain no longer showed a desire to govern the colonists.


17. Why was winning the battle at Trenton, New Jersey so important to George Washington? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • His soldiers’ contracts were due to end, and he knew soldiers would not join a losing army.

  • Colonial money was running low, and the German forces were threatening to leave.

  • He had retreated into Pennsylvania, and if he didn’t win the war his political career would be over.

  • He was afraid that the losses he had suffered made him look like a poor leader.


18. Why was an American victory at the Battle of Saratoga a turning point in the Revolution? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • It forced the British to leave Canada.

  • It brought France into the war as an American ally.

  • It ended General Burgoyne’s career.

  • It liberated Georgia from British control.


19. How did the American government respond to Shays’ Rebellion? SS 08-5.1.2 DOK 2

  • It forced states to provide soldiers for a national army.

  • It planned to hold a convention to revise the Articles of Confederation.

  • It gave the Confederation Congress supreme power in the U.S.

  • It executed all the rebels who participated in the rebellion.


20. What was the significance of the Articles of Confederation? SS 08-5.1.1 DOK 2

  • It established America’s independence from Great Britain.

  • It created the first national court system in the United States.

  • It created a government for the United States that was very similar to Great Britain’s.

  • It established the first national government of the United States.


21. How did the Articles of Confederation add to the economic problems of the United States in the late 1700s? SS 08-3.4.1 DOK 2

  • The Articles gave Congress little power to enforce or pass nationwide laws and tariffs, which led to increased U.S. debt.

  • The Articles banned trade with foreign nations, which caused American businesses to suffer.

  • The Articles gave Congress the power to print limitless amounts of paper money, which caused inflation in Britain.

  • The Articles included a section stating that the U.S. would pay back all debt owed to Britain, which increased the U.S. debt.


22. Monarchies derive their power from: SS 08-1.1.1 DOK 2

  • Citizens

  • Military

  • Heredity

  • Representatives


23. The type of government in which citizens vote for representatives to make decisions for them is known as ...SS 08-1.1.1 DOK 2

  • A monarchy

  • A republic

  • A direct democracy

  • A dictatorship


24. Which of the following was the decision to divide Congress into two houses, with equal representation in one and proportional representation in the other? SS 08-2.3.2 DOK 2

  • The Virginia Plan

  • The Great Compromise

  • The New Jersey Plan

  • The New York Compromise


25. Why is the Electoral College important? SS 08-1.1.2 DOK 2

  • It is a body of delegates who casts the deciding votes for the president.

  • It is a group chosen for cabinet positions by the president-elect.

  • It is a school for the study of voting practices in politics.

  • It is a name given to all voters who cast ballots in an election.


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