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Mrs Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War “It’s cooler than ICE!”. Jamestown , Virginia, the first permanent English settlement, was founded in 1607. Jamestown. Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Mrs Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts Colonization Through the Civil War

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Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

MrsKlos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

  • Jamestown, Virginia, the first permanent English settlement, was founded in 1607.

Jamestown


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

  • The Declaration of Independence was signed July 4, 1776 (Written by Thomas Jefferson).

Declaration of Independence


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

3. The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787- James Madison is the “Father”

Constitution


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Sold!

To the United States for $15 million!

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

4. President Thomas Jefferson purchased the Louisiana Territory from France in 1803.

Louisiana Territory


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

5. The Civil War was fought from 1861-1865.

Civil War

Union

Confederates


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

6. The ___House of Burgesses was the first representative assembly in the new world.

VA

Are you reading COMIC BOOKS?!?


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

7. The first battle of the American Revolution was at Lexington and Concordin April 1775.

Lexington and Concord

That’s good stuff!

Hey Ralph! I bet they hear this shot ‘round the world!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

8. The Battle of Saratoga was the turning point of the American Revolution (French entered the war).

Saratoga


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

http://www.britishbattles.com/battle-yorktown.htm

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

9. The British defeat in 1781 at Yorktown, Virginia by George Washington’s troops signaled the end of the American Revolution.

Yorktown


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

10. Mercantilism is an economic system in which the mother country controls the trade of its colonies.

Mercantilism


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

11. A tariff is a tax on goods brought into a country (designed to protect home industries).

tariff

Foreign Merchant


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

12. Republicanismis a system of representative government in which voters elect representatives to make laws for them.

Republicanism


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

13. The Three Branches of Government are the Legislative, Executive, and Judicial Branches.

Legislative, Executive and Judicial


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

14. Checks and Balances is a system set up by the Constitution in which each branch of the federal government has the power to check, or control, the actions of the other branches.

Checks and Balances


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

15. Federalism is the sharing of power between the states and the national government.

Federalism


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

16. The Legislative Branch makes the laws. The Executive Branch enforces the laws. The Judicial Branch interprets the meaning of the laws.

Legislative

Executive

Judicial

My name is Bill Lawmaker.

I veto you

You are

SO guilty!!!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

17. The Magna Carta, signed in 1215 by King John, was the first document that limited power of the ruler.

Magna Carta

Magna Carta, 1215

“No freeman shall be seized … except by the lawful judgment of his peers (equals), or by the law of the land.”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

18. The - an agreement signed in 1620 by the Pilgrims in Plymouth. It is the 1st representative government in America.

Mayflower Compact


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

19. The Proclamation of 1763limitedthe colonies fromexpanding west of the Appalachian Mountains

Proclamation

Do not walk this way, by order of the British


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

20. The Treaty of Paris of 1763 ended the French and Indian War. The debt from the war led to increased British taxation of the colonies.

Treaty of Paris of 1763

‘Ere’s your tea, MATE!

Your Coercive Acts are Intolerable!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

King James II

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

21. The English Bill of Rights of 1689 protected the rights of English citizens and became the basis for the American Bill of Rights.

English Bill of Rights

“That it is the right of the subjects to petition the king”

William& Mary


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

22. These acts following the French & Indian War ticked off the Colonies and eventually led to the Revolution!

Sugar

1764

Tea

1773

Stamp

1765

Quebec

1774

Quartering Act

1765

Intolerable or Coercive

1774

Townshend

1767


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

23. Common Sense - a pamphlet by Thomas Paine that convinced many colonists to support independence from Great Britain.

Common Sense

It is “Paine-ful” to not use Common Sense.

Get it?

Ha ha!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

24. Thomas Paine wrote pamphlets like Common Sense and The Crisis to encourage American independence and resolve.

Thomas Paine

These are the times that try men’s souls

The Crisis

Common Sense


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Albany Plan of Union

25. Ben Franklin wrote the Albany Plan of Union – “Join or Die!” He also signed the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution.

An investment in knowledge always pays the best interest.

Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise.

Energy and persistence conquer all things.

He that falls in love with himself will have no rivals.

He that is good for making excuses is seldom good for anything else.

Never leave that till tomorrow which you can do today.

I am in the prime of senility.

Well done is better than well said.

Creditors have better memories than debtors.

Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

26. Sam Adams, a member of the Sons of Liberty and leader of the Boston Tea Party, stirred public support for American independence.

Sons of Liberty


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

27. The fiery orator, patriot and Anti-FederalistPatrick Henrycalled for American independence and later opposed the Constitution because it did not protect individual liberties.

Patrick Henry

“Give me liberty or give me death!”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

28.George Washingtonwas the leader of the Continental Army who later became the first President of the United States .

George Washington


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

29. A patriot is someone who supported American independence during the Revolution.

patriot

I’m a Patriot, too!

TOUCHDOWN!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

loyalist

30. A loyalist is someone who supported maintaining British rule over the colonies during the Revolution.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

31. King George III of England: He offended the colonies with his taxes and abuses of our rights as Englishman.

King George III

King George III – Statue being pulled down


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

32. The Declaration of Independence - a list of grievances against King George III - was written by Thomas Jefferson-July 4, 1776. It declared the colonies independent from England.

Declaration of Independence

Dear Georgie,

You stink.

Love, Tom


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

33. Unalienable rights are rights that cannot be given up, taken away or transferred. Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, are some of those rights.

Unalienable Rights

Arf!

I am the King of this kennel, and I will take them If I want!

Bark!!

Grrrrr… My Rights are God-given, natural rights and you can’t take them from me!!

Woof!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

34. The Articles of Confederation – Our 1st National government with one branch (legislative). The states have most of the power. It would be replaced by the Constitution in 1787.

Articles of Confederation

  • Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

  • No executive branch

  • No levying of taxes

  • No judicial branch

  • No regulation of trade


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

35. The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established the procedures for the expansion of the United States and explains that new states are admitted to the Union equal to existing states.

Northwest Ordinance

Congress appoints governor

To rule territory

MN

With 5,000 free adult males, elect a territorial legislature

WI

MI

60,000 total free population,

write a constitution

IL

IN

OH

Congressional approval of

Constitution means statehood


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

36. The Treaty of Paris of 1783 ended the American Revolution and forced Britain to recognize the United States as an independent nation.

Treaty of Paris of 1783


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Shays’ Rebellion

37. Shays’ Rebellion highlighted the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation & convinced many Founders of the need for a stronger national government.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

38. Alexander Hamilton: a leader of the Federalists, first Treasurer of the United States, and creator of the Bank of the U.S. - killed in a duel by the V. P. of the U. S.

Alexander Hamilton

Elastic Clause


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

House of Representatives (435)

Senate -2 for each state

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Great Compromise

39. The Great Compromise created a bi-cameral (2 House) Legislature we call Congress. Representation in the House of Representatives: population; the Senate: each state gets 2.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

40. The Constitution (our written plan of government) - Created: Philadelphia, 1787. Provides a strong national government with power balanced between the 3 branches.

Constitution

Power

Executive

Power

Power

Legislative

Judicial


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

I should win “Father of the Year” for this.

41. James Madisonis considered to be the “Father of the Constitution”.

Madison

#1 Dad!

Baby Constitution


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Separation of Powers

42. Separation of Powers: system in which each branch of government has its own powers.

Judicial

Executive

Legislative

Interprets Laws

Executes Laws

Makes Laws


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

YES!

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

43. Ratify means to approve by vote.

Sweet! Now the Constitution is RATIFIED!

Great. Now that we have all signed the Constitution, will the states vote for it?


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

3/4

44. Amend means to change. As in amend the Constitution so it works better. Amendment = change to the Constitution

Amend

I can amend the Amendments!

amend

2/3

Amendment


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

45. The Bill of Rights - 1st ten amendments to the Constitution --designed to protect our individual liberties.

Bill of Rights


46 the first amendment

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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46. The First Amendment

  • Protects the freedom of…

  • Religion

  • Assembly

  • Press

  • Petition

  • Speech


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

47. The 2nd Amen – “A well regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

2nd Amendment


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

47. The 2nd Amendment – “A well regulated Militia being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

2nd Amendment


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

3rd Amendment

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

48. The 3rd Amendment - "No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law."

3rd Amendment

This place looks great!! I think I’ll move in.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

49. Due process – how laws are enforced fairly…

For example…

Due process

4th Amendment - no illegal search or seizure.

5th Amendment - no self-incrimination, no double jeopardy, and no loss of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

6th Amendment - the right to a speedy trial, a lawyer, to cross examine witnesses, and the right to force witnesses at a trial to testify.

7th Amendment - the right to a jury trial in civil suits.

8th Amendment - “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

50. The 9th Amendment- “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.”

9th Amendment:

WOW!! You mean I get even more rights than what is in the Bill of Rights?!?!?

That Rocks!!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

51. The 10th Amendment – “The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.” Meaning…

10th Amendment

FEDERALISM

FEDERALISM


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

52. 13th Amendment “Slavery …shall (not) exist within the United States..”

13th Amendment


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

53. The 14th Amendment – Defined the right of citizenship & ended the 3/5 compromise.

14th Amendment

Section 1. “All persons…are citizens of the United States... No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens… nor… deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny… the equal protection of the laws.”

Section 2. “Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed…”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

54. The 15th Amendment – “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged … on account of race”

15th Amendment

I’m free, I have the rights of all citizens (14th amend), and I get to vote?

YAY!!

Sadly, many southern states would find ways to prevent African- Americans from voting.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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Popular Sovereignty

55.

the practice of having the authority to make decisions for oneself.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Federalists

56. Federalists were supporters of the Constitution who favored a strong national government.

This rocks!

Now we have a strong national government!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

57. The Federalist Papers - a series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton defending the Constitution and the principles on which the government of the United States was founded.

Federalist


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Anti-Federalists

58. Anti-federalists were people opposed to the Constitution, preferring more power be given to the state governments than to the national government.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

59. Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence, became the 3rd President of the United States and purchased the Louisiana territory, doubling the size of the United States.

Thomas Jefferson


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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60. George Washington’s Farewell Address advised the United States to stay “neutral in its relations with other nations” and to avoid “entangling alliances”.

George Washington

The great rule of conduct for us in regard to foreign nations is in extending our commercial relations, to have with them as little political connection as possible....It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world....

- George Washington’s Farewell Address


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Lemonade: $5.00

Lemonade: $5.50

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

61. Free Enterprise is an economic system where citizens are free to choose how to make a living.

Free Enterprise

So thirsty…

What to choose?


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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62. was the 1803 Court decision that gave the Supreme Court the power of judicial review - the right to determine whether a law violates the Constitution.

Marbury v. Madison

I guess we will decide this on the court!

Yo, dawg! You can’t stop me from becoming a judge!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”

Industrial Revolution

63. Industrial Revolution: industry changed from the production of goods at home (cottage industry) to factory production using powered machinery.

Boott Mill, Lowell Mass.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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5 miles an hour!

Wooooooooooooo-hooooooooooooo!!!!

We’re flyin’ now boys!!

Robert Fulton

64. Robert Fulton’s steamboat improved transportation of goods and people during the Industrial Revolution.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

65. Textile Mills

Thief: Samuel Slater

Importance: Led to large-scale factory production of cloth through the use of power looms. Provided new job opportunities for young women.

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

“It’s cooler than ICE!”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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66. Interchangeable Parts

Inventor: Eli Whitney

Importance: Allowed factories to make products faster & cheaper. Parts could be replaced easily if broken.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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67. Cotton Gin - 1793

Inventor: Eli Whitney

Importance: Allowed for fast separation of cotton from seeds, greatly increasing profitability of cotton. This made the use of slavery on plantations essential to cotton farmers in the South.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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James Monroe:

68. James Monroe: 5th President & author of the Monroe Doctrine, which shut down the western hemisphere to European expansion or interference.

John Quincy Adams Sec. of State


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Andrew

Jackson

Your Bank bill stinks Congress! Now you must get vetoed and thumped by Old Hickory!

69. Andrew Jacksonwas a self-made man & founder of the modern Democratic Party. He was responsible for the Trail of Tears and he supported the Union during the Nullification Crisis

Insult my beloved Rachel and I’ll thump your skull. I will hold the Union together, so hush & pay the tariff SC!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

The United States

Cherokee

Choctaw

Chickasaw

Creek

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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70. Trail of Tearsforced the Indians in the southeastern U.S. to move west of the Mississippi River.

Trail of Tears:


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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71. Nullification is the idea of a state declaring a federal law unconstitutional or not in force in that state.

Nullification

Webster:Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.

Jackson:Our Federal Union—it must be preserved.

Calhoun:The Union, next to our liberty, most dear.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Daniel Webster

72. Daniel Webster - a Massachusetts Congressman and Senator who spoke for the North and the preservation of the Union.

“Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.”

Look into my eyes and repeat after me…

Union,

Union,

Union


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

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John C. Calhoun

74. John C. Calhoun was a South Carolina Congressman and Senator who spoke for the South before and during the Civil War.

“The Union, next to our liberty,most dear”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Henry Clay

74. Henry Clay was a powerful Kentucky Congressman and Senator who proposed the American System and the Compromise of 1850. Known as the Great Compromiser

States– Or I will get you!

Union…

Union…

Union…

Can’t we all just get along?


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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75. Manifest Destiny is the belief that the United States should own all of the land between the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.

Manifest Destiny

“American Progress” by John Gast, 1872

  • ".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent … It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air .”

  • John O Sullivan 1845


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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76. Westward Expansion - Draw an outline map of the US. Label the Oregon Trail, Santa Fe Trail, Mormon Trail, and California Trail.

See page 506 of textbook.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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77. Reform movements like :

Public education promotes knowledge and skills that open the doors to opportunity.

Public Education

“Education, then, beyond all other devices of human origin, is the great equalizer of the conditions of men…”

Horace Mann, 1848

(#41, 2004 TAKS)


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

Colonization Through the Civil War

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78. Elizabeth Cady Stanton organized the Seneca Falls Convention, creating the Women’s Rights Movement in the United States.

Women’s Rights Movement

Ain’t I a woman?

Sojourner Truth

Women join the

abolitionist

Movement.

Women are

prevented from

Speaking publicly at

Abolitionist meetings.

?

Women’s

Rights

Movement


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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79. The Temperance Movement was a campaign against the sale or drinking of alcohol.

Temperance Movement


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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abolitionist

80. An abolitionist was a person who wanted to end slavery in the United States. Abolish - to get rid of.

Harriet Tubman helped over 300 slaves to freedom in the Norththrough the Underground Railroad.

William Lloyd GarrisonOutspoken white abolitionist

Founded The Liberator, an anti-slavery magazine, in 1831.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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81. The Compromise of 1850 would try to solve the divisions between free and slave states or territories. The Fugitive Slave Act would upset Northerners.

The Compromise of 1850


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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82. Sectionalism is a strong sense of loyalty to a state or section instead of to the whole country.

Sectionalism


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Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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- Frederick Douglass, speaking at a 4th of July celebration in 1852

“The blessings in which you, this day, rejoice, are not enjoyed in common….This Fourth of July is yoursnot mine. You may rejoice, I must mourn.”

83. Frederick Douglass was a former slave who became a well-known abolitionist in the country.

Frederick Douglass


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Uncle Tom’s Cabin

84. Uncle Tom’s Cabin, an Anti-slavery novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe, created widespread abolitionist support among Northerners.

I’m the little lady who started the great big war! Tee-hee!


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Taney & the Supreme Court are mean! I have been wronged!

Dred Scott v. Sanford

85. Dred Scott v. Sanford-1857 was the Supreme Court decision that said slaves were property and not citizens and thus can’t sue in court. It would find the Missouri Compromise of 1820 to be unconstitutional and aggravate sectional tensions between North and South.


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Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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I’ll be a hero to abolitionists everywhere!!

(#16, 2000 TAAS)

87. In 1859John Brown, An abolitionist who believed armed resistance to slavery was necessary, seized a federal arsenal in Harper’s Ferry, Virginia, in an attempt to begin a slave rebellion. He was captured and later executed.

Grab a gun and free yourself!!!

abolitionist

John Brown – Villain or Hero?


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Jefferson Davis

87. Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederacy during the Civil War.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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88. Abraham Lincoln 16th President of the United States (Union); served during the Civil War

Abraham Lincoln

Thanks.

Has anyone seen my stovepipe hat?


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Ulysses S Grant

89. Ulysses S. Grant was the General of the Union Army and accepted Lee’s surrender at Appomattox Court House, ending the Civil War.

“No other terms than unconditional and immediate surrender. I propose to move immediately upon your works.”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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90. Robert E. Lee was the General of the Confederate Army. His defeat at Gettysburg would be a turning point in the Civil War

Robert E. Lee

Never do a wrong thing to make a friend or keep one.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Edmund Ruffin

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91. The first shots of the Civil War were fired at Fort Sumter- Charleston, South Carolina.

Fort Sumter

Pierre Teutante Beauregard

Robert Anderson


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Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Battle of Gettysburg

93. The Battle of Gettysburg, July1-3,1863, was the turning point in the Civil War where Lee’s army is defeated.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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92. The Gettysburg Address - speech given by Lincoln dedicating a cemetery for soldiers who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is considered to be a profound statement of American ideals.


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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93. The Gettysburg Address - speech given by Lincoln dedicating a cemetery for soldiers who died at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is considered to be a profound statement of American ideals.

3 Confed. prisoners at Gettysburg


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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94. The capture of Vicksburg, Mississippi by the North in 1863, was important because it gave the Union Armycontrol of the Mississippi River.

Vicksburg


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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Appomattox Court House

95. Appomattox Court House, Virginia is where Robert E. Lee surrendered the Confederate Army to Ulysses S. Grant, ending the Civil War.

Union

Confederacy


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Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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96. Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863, setting all slaves in the Confederate states free.

Emancipation Proclamation


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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97. Lincoln’s First Inaugural Address stated that, “no state…can lawfully get out of the Union”, but pledged there would be no war unless the South started it.

“no State upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void…

I therefore consider that in view of the Constitution and the laws the Union is unbroken”


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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98. Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address was meant to help heal and restore the country after four years of Civil War. It stated the South should be treated fairly.

With malice [hatred] toward none, with charity for all,…let us strive on to…bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and…to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves…


Mrs klos s super 100 greatest american history facts colonization through the civil war

Mrs. Klos’s Super 100 Greatest American History Facts

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99. Primary Sources are the original records of an event. They include eyewitness reports, records created at the time of an event, speeches, and letters by people involved in the event, photographs and artifacts.

Secondary Sources are the later writings and interpretations of historians and writers. Often secondary sources, like textbooks and articles, provide summaries of information found in primary sources.


100 history rocks

100. History Rocks!!!


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