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The Old Kingdom. The Scorpion King. The (Real) Scorpion King. Narmer , First Pharaoh. First Dynasty. A DYNASTY is a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family Narmer unifies Upper and Lower Egypt in 3150 BC as the first pharaoh

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Narmer first pharaoh
Narmer, First Pharaoh


First dynasty
First Dynasty

  • A DYNASTYis a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family

  • Narmer unifies Upper and Lower Egypt in 3150 BC as the first pharaoh

  • PHARAOHwas the title of the king (or queen!) of Egypt

    • They ruled as an absolute monarch, as a living god, and son of Horus


The old kingdom 2700 2200 bc
The Old Kingdom, 2700-2200 BC

  • A time of peace and prosperty, and great building projects

  • The Third and Fourth Dynasties are the Golden Age

    • Mummification comes into use

    • Height of building PYRAMIDS!!!


Step pyramid of djoser saqqara
Step-pyramid of Djoser, Saqqara


Sneferu the collapsed pyramid
Sneferu, The Collapsed Pyramid


Sneferu the bent pyramid
Sneferu, The Bent Pyramid


Sneferu the red pyramid
Sneferu, The Red Pyramid


Khufu
Khufu

  • Khufu rules from 2589-2566 BC

  • Learns from his father Sneferu on how to build

  • Enlists close to 100,000 workers over 20 years to build a true masterpiece and a wonder of the world



The great pyramid of khufu
The Great Pyramid of Khufu

  • 480 feet tall: was the tallest building in the world for 3800 years (Surpassed by the Lincoln Cathedral in AD 1300!)

  • Each side is 755 feet long

  • Weighs 5.9 million tons

  • Has virtually perfect alignment to true north

  • Stones fit together so perfectly that it is impossible to slip a credit card between them

  • Remains the largest man-made stone structure on Earth

  • 2.3 million blocks (each block about 10 tons): 12 an hour every hour, non-stop, for 20 years


Khafre son of khufu
Khafre, Son of Khufu



Mummies
Mummies

  • Only the pharaoh and the wealthy could afford mummification

  • Lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines are dried and placed in four Canopic Jars

  • The body is packed with natron, a type of salt to dry

  • Heart is left inside while brain is removed with a hook through the nose

  • Body is washed and perfumed and wrapped: the whole process takes 70 days!


Death is only the beginning
Death is Only the Beginning

  • Pharaohs would have professional wailers at their funerals!

  • Pharaohs are buried with all of their favorite possessions, foods, and clothes for eternity

  • Given a special book of spells called The Book of Going Forth by Day to protect and guide them to the afterlife

    • We call this book The Book of the Dead


Journey to paradise
Journey to Paradise

  • Egyptians believed that the journey began at sundown and lasted all night

  • The heart of the dead was weighed against the Feather of Ma’at, goddess of truth

    • An evil heart was heavier and the heart and soul would be devoured by a crocodile!

    • A good heart was lighter than the feather and would enter paradise at sunrise of the new day.


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