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The Old Kingdom. The Scorpion King. The (Real) Scorpion King. Narmer , First Pharaoh. First Dynasty. A DYNASTY is a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family Narmer unifies Upper and Lower Egypt in 3150 BC as the first pharaoh

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first dynasty
First Dynasty
  • A DYNASTYis a family of rulers whose right to rule is passed on within the family
  • Narmer unifies Upper and Lower Egypt in 3150 BC as the first pharaoh
  • PHARAOHwas the title of the king (or queen!) of Egypt
    • They ruled as an absolute monarch, as a living god, and son of Horus
the old kingdom 2700 2200 bc
The Old Kingdom, 2700-2200 BC
  • A time of peace and prosperty, and great building projects
  • The Third and Fourth Dynasties are the Golden Age
    • Mummification comes into use
    • Height of building PYRAMIDS!!!
  • Khufu rules from 2589-2566 BC
  • Learns from his father Sneferu on how to build
  • Enlists close to 100,000 workers over 20 years to build a true masterpiece and a wonder of the world
the great pyramid of khufu
The Great Pyramid of Khufu
  • 480 feet tall: was the tallest building in the world for 3800 years (Surpassed by the Lincoln Cathedral in AD 1300!)
  • Each side is 755 feet long
  • Weighs 5.9 million tons
  • Has virtually perfect alignment to true north
  • Stones fit together so perfectly that it is impossible to slip a credit card between them
  • Remains the largest man-made stone structure on Earth
  • 2.3 million blocks (each block about 10 tons): 12 an hour every hour, non-stop, for 20 years
  • Only the pharaoh and the wealthy could afford mummification
  • Lungs, liver, stomach, and intestines are dried and placed in four Canopic Jars
  • The body is packed with natron, a type of salt to dry
  • Heart is left inside while brain is removed with a hook through the nose
  • Body is washed and perfumed and wrapped: the whole process takes 70 days!
death is only the beginning
Death is Only the Beginning
  • Pharaohs would have professional wailers at their funerals!
  • Pharaohs are buried with all of their favorite possessions, foods, and clothes for eternity
  • Given a special book of spells called The Book of Going Forth by Day to protect and guide them to the afterlife
    • We call this book The Book of the Dead
journey to paradise
Journey to Paradise
  • Egyptians believed that the journey began at sundown and lasted all night
  • The heart of the dead was weighed against the Feather of Ma’at, goddess of truth
    • An evil heart was heavier and the heart and soul would be devoured by a crocodile!
    • A good heart was lighter than the feather and would enter paradise at sunrise of the new day.