4 2 the old kingdom
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4.2 The Old Kingdom. By: Destiny Atwell JoyBeth Heberly Matthew Doyle Devon Paul. Definitions. . Old Kingdom - a period in Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700 BC to 2200 BC . Nobles - people from rich and powerful families . Afterlife – life after death

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4.2 The Old Kingdom

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4 2 the old kingdom

4.2The Old Kingdom

By:

Destiny Atwell

JoyBeth Heberly

Matthew Doyle

Devon Paul


Definitions

Definitions

. Old Kingdom - a period in Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700 BC to 2200 BC

. Nobles - people from rich and powerful families

. Afterlife – life after death

. Mummies – specially treated bodies wrapped in cloth

. Elite – people of wealth and power

. Pyramids – huge stone tombs with 4 triangle shaped walls that meet in a point on top

. Engineering – the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes


Early egyptian society

Early Egyptian Society

  • The 3rd Dynasty’s rule began the Old Kingdom

  • Pharaoh had all power and had many responsibilities

  • During the Old Kingdom, the duties of pharaoh grew

  • Pharaoh hired government officials (mainly from his family)

  • Most famous pharaoh was Khufu

  • By 2200 BC, Egypt’s population was about 2 million

  • Egypt was not isolated ( Sumerian designs in art and their pottery reflected Nubian styles

    .Traders returned to Nubia with gold, ivory, slaves, and stones

    . Traders traveled to Punt for incense and myrrh for making perfume and medicine

    .Syria provided Egypt with wood


Society levels

Society Levels

  • Pharaoh

  • Priests and Key government officials

  • Lesser government officials, scribes, craftspeople, and merchants

  • Farmers

  • Slaves and servants


Religion and egyptian life

Religion and Egyptian Life

. Had strong religious beliefs

. Worshipping Gods was part of their everyday life

. Practiced Polytheism

. Everyone was expected to worship the same gods

. Built temple that collected payments from worshippers and government officials

. Filled tombs with precious things

. Body prepared for afterlife and had to be preserved

. Believed “Ka” was a person’s life force that left their body when they died

  • They used mummification which took several weeks

  • Only royalty or elites could afford mummification

  • Pesents buried bodies at the edge of the deserts in shallow graves


Egyptian gods

Egyptian Gods

  • Sun god – Amon- Re

  • Underworld god – Osiris

  • Magic god – Isis

  • Sky god - Horus


Pyramids

Pyramids

  • Most spectacular monuments/ burial sites

  • Started building pyramids during the Old Kingdom

  • Some still standing

  • Largest is the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Base: 481 ft high and covers over 13 acres) which is near the town of Giza

  • Burial in pyramids demonstrated pharaohs importance

  • The size of a pyramid was a symbol of greatness

  • The shape of a pyramid (pointing to the sky) was a symbol of their journey to the afterlife

  • For Egyptians, making a pharaoh’s spirit happy was a way of ensuring happy afterlife for all egyptians


Resources

Resources

World History Book


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