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HUNTERDON CENTRAL REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Health & Physical Education. Freshmen Midterm Exam Review Spring Semester .

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Freshmen Midterm Exam Review Spring Semester

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Freshmen midterm exam review spring semester l.jpg

HUNTERDON CENTRAL REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Health & Physical Education

Freshmen Midterm Exam ReviewSpring Semester


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As you are going through the review, have your notebook accessible.I would suggest highlighting the information that you are unfamiliar with, or jotting down notes on topics that you don’t remember.If you ace this review, you should have no problem with the exam!


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BASKETBALL

What do you remember?


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How many points is a basket worth?

1 - One point, when it is a foul shot.

2 - Two points, when it is a regular shot (lay-up or jump-shot).

3 - Three points, when it is a shot made from behind the 3-pt line.


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What is the key? What are the rules relating to it?

The key is the large rectangle under the basket.

You, as an offensive player, can not stand there for more than 3 seconds.


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What is it called when you get into good rebounding position? You seal the shooter behind you by putting your “butt” to their “gut.”

Boxing - out


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How do you play knock-out? What skills does it focus on?

Ask your friend how to play!

It is a great way to work on your lay-up and foul-shots (free throws).


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What are good dribbling concepts?

Have good control of the ball, look up, see the court, pass the ball to the open space.

You use the dribble to get the ball upcourt (even though passing is quicker), drive to the basket, penetrate the defense, or get away from a pesty defender!


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What is a give and go?

It is an offensive strategy.

One player will pass to another,

then cut (or go) towards the basket.

S/he will receive the ball back, shoot, and (hopefully) score!


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VOLLEYBALL

Let me set you up for a good grade on the exam.


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In volleyball, lines are...

IN.


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Can you explain how to set a volleyball?Can you explain how to BUMP a volleyball?

If not, figure it out before next week!


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How many times can you serve the ball in a game?

It depends.

If you are serving, you will continue to serve until your team loses possession. You won’t serve again until everyone else on your team has served.


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How many opportunities do you get to make a legal serve in a rotation?

Only one. If the ball hits the net on a serve and goes over, it is good. You can continue serving until loss of possession. If it hits the net and doesn’t go over, it is a loss of possession.


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What are net rules?

The ball can hit the net on a volley.

The ball can hit the net on a serve, but has to go over to be good.

The ball can be played OUT OF the net on a volley, assuming that team has not exceeded 3 hits per side.

A person cannot physically hit the net at all.


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Do you know how to keep score?

Rally scoring is used. This means a team will score on every serve, regardless of who serves. Games are played to 25 pts.


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WELLNESS

No more “weighting,” let’s have the right answers!


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What is the F.I.T. Principle?

In order to improve your fitness, you need to improved either the FREQUENCY of your workouts, the INTENSITY of your workouts, or the length of TIME you workout.


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What are Components of Fitness?

Health-related or Skill-related factors that determine your fitness level.

HEALTH = Factors which are important to overall healthy function of the body systems.

SKILL = Factors that make you a better athlete.


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What is body composition?

The ratio of lean body mass (bones, connective tissues, muscle)

to fat.


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What is reaction time?

The amount of time it takes to get moving once the senses recognize the need to move.


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What is coordination?

Integration of eye, hand, and foot movements.


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What is power?

Ability to do strength performances at a rapid pace.


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What is balance?

The ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving.


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What is speed?

Ability to cover a distance in a short time.


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What is agility?

Ability to change the position of your body and control the movement of your body.


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What is cardiovascular endurance?

Ability of the circulatory & respiratory systems to circulate oxygen to the muscles during exercise.


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What is muscular strength?

The ability of muscles to exert a force one time.


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What is flexibility?

The range of movement possible at various joints.


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How do you test the components of fitness?

By doing President’s Physical Fitness Testing:

1) Agility - What is your shuttle run score?

2) Flexibility - How far can you reach on the flexibility box?

3) Cardiovascular Fitness - What is your mile time?

4) Muscular Strength - Are you able to do pull-ups? Flexed arm hang?

5) Body Composition - What was your body fat percentage?

6) Muscular Endurance - How many curl-ups can you do in one minute?


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What are examples of controllable & uncontrollable risk factors, in terms of personal fitness?

Controllable: Activity Level, Obesity, Stress, Smoking, High Blood Pressure,High Levels of Cholesterol

Uncontrollable: Age, Gender, Heredity


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Can you identify where the following muscles are located?

Gastrocnemius, Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Gluteus Maximus, Latissimus Dorsi, Deltoids, Pectorals, Biceps, Triceps, Adductors, Abductors, Abdominals, Obliques,Trapezius


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TEST YOUR “MUSCLE” KNOWLEDGE…

  • Gastrocnemius -

  • Quadriceps -

  • Hamstrings -

  • Gluteus Maximus -

  • Latissimus Dorsi -

  • Deltoids -

  • Pectorals -

Calf Muscles

Thigh muscles

Back of thigh

Buttocks

Back muscles

Shoulders

Chest Muscles


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TEST YOUR “MUSCLE” KNOWLEDGE…

  • Biceps -

  • Triceps -

  • Adductors -

  • Abductors -

  • Abdominals -

  • Obliques -

  • Trapezius -

Front of Upper Arm (palms up)

Back of Upper Arm (palms up)

Inner thigh muscles

Outer thigh muscles

“Stomach” muscles

Sides of trunk

Upper back


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What is the primary muscle worked when you perform….

A push-up?

Lat pull-downs?

Latissimus Dorsi!

Pectorals!

Sit-ups or Crunches?

Abdominals!

Leg Extensions?

The Flamingo Stretch?

Quadriceps!

Quadriceps!

Dips?

The Butterfly Stretch?

Triceps!

Groin!


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Where do you take your pulse?

The carotid artery….which is the large artery in the neck

OR

The radial artery, which is the large artery in the wrist


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What are average heart rates?

Resting? Somewhere between 50 and 90 bpm.

The best time to do this is when you wake up in the morning … naturally w/o and alarm clock!

Activity? Somewhere between 120-160 bpm.


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Who is responsible for your fitness?

YOU! Take responsibility!

You are accountable for your own health!

Take charge of your own fitness level!


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DRUGS & ALCOHOL

Just Say No...


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What does it mean when a person is physically dependenton a drug?

A user’s body “needs” the drugs, or other withdrawal symptoms will occur.


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What are steroids?

Drugs that are used to enhance athletic performance or appearance. Steroids are big in the news these days due to the controversy in Major League Baseball.


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What are some examples of long-term effects of smoking cigarettes?

asthma, emphysema, heart disease


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Which drugs are considered Gateway drugs?

Tobacco, Alcohol, Marijuana


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What are inhalants?

Drugs or chemicals which are breathed in through the nose or mouth in order to attain a high.

They are frequently household items, such as lighter fluid.


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This type of smoker is not dependent on nicotine but is accustomed to the unpleasant effects. This person might smoke socially at parties; he/she knows HOW to smoke, but is not addicted.

Pleasure smoker


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What is chewing tobacco?

Poor quality leaf mixed with honey and molasses. It is chewed or held in the side of the gums; the juices are spit out.


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What is finely ground tobacco that is inhaled through the nose or held against the gums?

Snuff


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Why do people use Gateways?

They are insecure, unsure of themselves.

They are young.

They are under stress and don’t know how to deal.

They are exposed to it b/c they see it used/abused regularly.


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Some people suffer from the effects of smoking b/c they are surrounded by smokers. What are these people called?

Passive smokers


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Another word for compulsion is…

Addiction. An addict feels the powerful physical and psychological dependence to drugs.


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What are drugs commonly associated with sexual assault?

The most common one is alcohol. Some illegal drugs associated with sexual assault are rohypnol (roofies), GHB, and Ecstasy.


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What does it mean to be psychologically dependent on a drug?

Psychological dependence is when the body is not physically addicted, but the individual yearns for or craves the drug.


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What is the difference between drug misuse and drug abuse?

Drug abuse is the intentional use of a legal or illegal drug without medical or health benefits.

Drug misuse is the incorrect use of a prescription or OTC drug


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OTC drugs?

What is/are….?

Drugs purchased w/o a prescription

Date Rape Drugs?

Narcotics?

Drugs frequently used for sexual assault

HIGHLY addictive painkillers, such as heroin or morphine.

Marijuana?

Dried leaves of the cannabis plant; it contains THC (the active chemical). It is the most commonly used ILLEGAL drug in the US

Nicotine?

The addictive ingredient in tobacco products, such as cigarettes or snuff


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When a person becomes accustomed to a certain dosage of a drug, his/her body adapts to that amount. In order to get the original effect, they need to increase the dosage. What has this person developed?

A tolerance to the drug.


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What is Ecstasy, or “E?”

A popular club drug that is often found at raves or all night dance parties.


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What is THC?

THC is the active ingredient found in marijuana. Marijuana is an illegal drug. It can also cause lung cancer.


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What is caffeine categorized as?

Although it is legal, caffeine is still considered a drug. It is classified as a stimulant because it speeds the systems of the body up.


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Human Sexuality

Decisions, Decisions….


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What is a value?

A value is a standard or belief that you possess which helps you decide what is right and wrong.


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What is circumcision?

The removal of the foreskin on the penis. This is an optional surgical procedure performed on infant males.


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What is the union of the ovum and sperm called?

Fertilization, or conception. This occurs in the fallopian tubes.


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At what age (range) does puberty occur?

In males, between the ages of 13 and 16.

In females, between the of 11 and 14.

This signifies sexual maturity.

A female releases an egg (ovulation),

which indicates her ability to get pregnant.

A male begins producing semen,

also indicating his ability to fertilize an ovum


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What is ovulation? When does it occur?

The release of the mature egg (ovum) from the ovary.

In order to determine the day of ovulation, subtract 14 from the total number of days in the menstrual cycle.


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The sperm and urine leave the male’s body via the….

Urethra.

Women have one too! But it transports only urine out of the body.


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What STDs are bacterial?

Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis


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What STDs are viral?

AIDs, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts

*These diseases are INCURABLE. They may go into remission, but viral STDs will ALWAYS be in the system. There is treatment available – BUT NO CURE!


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What is semen?

The combination of fluids from the prostate gland, the seminal vesicles and the cowper’s gland, mixed with sperm.


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Do you know the parts & functions of the male & female reproductive systems?

You better learn them by next week! The following will appear on the exam:

Vagina, cervix, fallopian tubes, uterus, scrotum, testicles, epididymis, prostate gland, penis, urethra


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What are the surgical forms of contraception?

In the male - the vasectomy.

In the female - tubal ligation.


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Which methods of contraception prevent the sperm from reaching the egg?

Barrier methods.

These are the male & female condom, the diaphragm and the cervical cap


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What are the dominant male and female hormones?

The male hormone is TESTOSTERONE!

The female hormone is…ESTROGEN and PROGESTERONE!


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What are the hormonal methods of contraception?

Oral Contraception: “The Pill”

Subdermal Implants: “Norplant”

Hormonal Injections: “Depo Provera”

*These all require a doctor’s visit!


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What is the ONLY guaranteed protection against pregnancy & STDs?

ABSTINENCE!!!


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That does it! Suggestion for this weekend: Be sure you review your notes…IF you SEVERELY STRUGGLED with this review, please see your teacher!


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