HUNTERDON CENTRAL REGIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Health & Physical Education. Freshmen Midterm Exam Review Spring Semester .
As you are going through the review, have your notebook accessible.I would suggest highlighting the information that you are unfamiliar with, or jotting down notes on topics that you don’t remember.If you ace this review, you should have no problem with the exam!
What do you remember?
1 - One point, when it is a foul shot.
2 - Two points, when it is a regular shot (lay-up or jump-shot).
3 - Three points, when it is a shot made from behind the 3-pt line.
The key is the large rectangle under the basket.
You, as an offensive player, can not stand there for more than 3 seconds.
Boxing - out
Ask your friend how to play!
It is a great way to work on your lay-up and foul-shots (free throws).
Have good control of the ball, look up, see the court, pass the ball to the open space.
You use the dribble to get the ball upcourt (even though passing is quicker), drive to the basket, penetrate the defense, or get away from a pesty defender!
It is an offensive strategy.
One player will pass to another,
then cut (or go) towards the basket.
S/he will receive the ball back, shoot, and (hopefully) score!
Let me set you up for a good grade on the exam.
If not, figure it out before next week!
If you are serving, you will continue to serve until your team loses possession. You won’t serve again until everyone else on your team has served.
Only one. If the ball hits the net on a serve and goes over, it is good. You can continue serving until loss of possession. If it hits the net and doesn’t go over, it is a loss of possession.
The ball can hit the net on a volley.
The ball can hit the net on a serve, but has to go over to be good.
The ball can be played OUT OF the net on a volley, assuming that team has not exceeded 3 hits per side.
A person cannot physically hit the net at all.
Rally scoring is used. This means a team will score on every serve, regardless of who serves. Games are played to 25 pts.
No more “weighting,” let’s have the right answers!
In order to improve your fitness, you need to improved either the FREQUENCY of your workouts, the INTENSITY of your workouts, or the length of TIME you workout.
Health-related or Skill-related factors that determine your fitness level.
HEALTH = Factors which are important to overall healthy function of the body systems.
SKILL = Factors that make you a better athlete.
The ratio of lean body mass (bones, connective tissues, muscle)
The amount of time it takes to get moving once the senses recognize the need to move.
Integration of eye, hand, and foot movements.
Ability to do strength performances at a rapid pace.
The ability to keep an upright posture while standing still or moving.
Ability to cover a distance in a short time.
Ability to change the position of your body and control the movement of your body.
Ability of the circulatory & respiratory systems to circulate oxygen to the muscles during exercise.
The ability of muscles to exert a force one time.
The range of movement possible at various joints.
By doing President’s Physical Fitness Testing:
1) Agility - What is your shuttle run score?
2) Flexibility - How far can you reach on the flexibility box?
3) Cardiovascular Fitness - What is your mile time?
4) Muscular Strength - Are you able to do pull-ups? Flexed arm hang?
5) Body Composition - What was your body fat percentage?
6) Muscular Endurance - How many curl-ups can you do in one minute?
Controllable: Activity Level, Obesity, Stress, Smoking, High Blood Pressure,High Levels of Cholesterol
Uncontrollable: Age, Gender, Heredity
Gastrocnemius, Quadriceps, Hamstrings, Gluteus Maximus, Latissimus Dorsi, Deltoids, Pectorals, Biceps, Triceps, Adductors, Abductors, Abdominals, Obliques,Trapezius
Back of thigh
Front of Upper Arm (palms up)
Back of Upper Arm (palms up)
Inner thigh muscles
Outer thigh muscles
Sides of trunk
Sit-ups or Crunches?
The Flamingo Stretch?
The Butterfly Stretch?
The carotid artery….which is the large artery in the neck
The radial artery, which is the large artery in the wrist
Resting? Somewhere between 50 and 90 bpm.
The best time to do this is when you wake up in the morning … naturally w/o and alarm clock!
Activity? Somewhere between 120-160 bpm.
YOU! Take responsibility!
You are accountable for your own health!
Take charge of your own fitness level!
Just Say No...
A user’s body “needs” the drugs, or other withdrawal symptoms will occur.
Drugs that are used to enhance athletic performance or appearance. Steroids are big in the news these days due to the controversy in Major League Baseball.
asthma, emphysema, heart disease
Tobacco, Alcohol, Marijuana
Drugs or chemicals which are breathed in through the nose or mouth in order to attain a high.
They are frequently household items, such as lighter fluid.
Poor quality leaf mixed with honey and molasses. It is chewed or held in the side of the gums; the juices are spit out.
They are insecure, unsure of themselves.
They are young.
They are under stress and don’t know how to deal.
They are exposed to it b/c they see it used/abused regularly.
Addiction. An addict feels the powerful physical and psychological dependence to drugs.
The most common one is alcohol. Some illegal drugs associated with sexual assault are rohypnol (roofies), GHB, and Ecstasy.
Psychological dependence is when the body is not physically addicted, but the individual yearns for or craves the drug.
Drug abuse is the intentional use of a legal or illegal drug without medical or health benefits.
Drug misuse is the incorrect use of a prescription or OTC drug
Drugs purchased w/o a prescription
Date Rape Drugs?
Drugs frequently used for sexual assault
HIGHLY addictive painkillers, such as heroin or morphine.
Dried leaves of the cannabis plant; it contains THC (the active chemical). It is the most commonly used ILLEGAL drug in the US
The addictive ingredient in tobacco products, such as cigarettes or snuff
When a person becomes accustomed to a certain dosage of a drug, his/her body adapts to that amount. In order to get the original effect, they need to increase the dosage. What has this person developed?
A tolerance to the drug.
A popular club drug that is often found at raves or all night dance parties.
THC is the active ingredient found in marijuana. Marijuana is an illegal drug. It can also cause lung cancer.
Although it is legal, caffeine is still considered a drug. It is classified as a stimulant because it speeds the systems of the body up.
A value is a standard or belief that you possess which helps you decide what is right and wrong.
The removal of the foreskin on the penis. This is an optional surgical procedure performed on infant males.
Fertilization, or conception. This occurs in the fallopian tubes.
In males, between the ages of 13 and 16.
In females, between the of 11 and 14.
This signifies sexual maturity.
A female releases an egg (ovulation),
which indicates her ability to get pregnant.
A male begins producing semen,
also indicating his ability to fertilize an ovum
The release of the mature egg (ovum) from the ovary.
In order to determine the day of ovulation, subtract 14 from the total number of days in the menstrual cycle.
Women have one too! But it transports only urine out of the body.
Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, Syphilis
AIDs, Genital Herpes, Genital Warts
*These diseases are INCURABLE. They may go into remission, but viral STDs will ALWAYS be in the system. There is treatment available – BUT NO CURE!
The combination of fluids from the prostate gland, the seminal vesicles and the cowper’s gland, mixed with sperm.
You better learn them by next week! The following will appear on the exam:
Vagina, cervix, fallopian tubes, uterus, scrotum, testicles, epididymis, prostate gland, penis, urethra
In the male - the vasectomy.
In the female - tubal ligation.
These are the male & female condom, the diaphragm and the cervical cap
The male hormone is TESTOSTERONE!
The female hormone is…ESTROGEN and PROGESTERONE!
Oral Contraception: “The Pill”
Subdermal Implants: “Norplant”
Hormonal Injections: “Depo Provera”
*These all require a doctor’s visit!
That does it! Suggestion for this weekend: Be sure you review your notes…IF you SEVERELY STRUGGLED with this review, please see your teacher!