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USDA Forest Service. FS owns 8.5% of the total land area in United States. Organization of USFS. Four main program components: National Forest System Forest Service Research & Development State and Private Forestry International Forestry. Organization of National Forest System.

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USDA Forest Service

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USDA Forest Service


FS owns 8.5% of the total land area in United States


Organization of USFS

Four main program components:

  • National Forest System

  • Forest Service Research & Development

  • State and Private Forestry

  • International Forestry


Organization of National Forest System

Under Secretary of the Dept. of Agriculture

Chief of FS

Research & Development

Regional Foresters (9)

State & Private Forestry

Forest Supervisors

International Programs

District Rangers & staff


Organization of National Forest System

Under Secretary of the Dept. of Agriculture

Chief of FS

Research & Development

Regional Foresters (9)

State & Private Forestry

Forest Supervisors

International Programs

District Rangers & staff


Research Stations (Regions)

  • North Central

  • Northeastern

  • Pacific Southwest

  • Rocky Mountain

  • Pacific Northwest

  • Southern


Northeastern Research Station


Organization of National Forest System

Under Secretary of the Dept. of Agriculture

Chief of FS

Research & Development

Regional Foresters (9)

State & Private Forestry

Forest Supervisors

International Programs

District Rangers & staff


International Programs

  • Promotes sustainable forest management internationally through:

    • Disaster Assistance Support Program

    • Technical Cooperation Program

    • Policy Program


International Programs

Asian Longhorned beetle

Beetle exit holes


Organization of National Forest System

Under Secretary of the Dept. of Agriculture

Chief of FS

Research & Development

Regional Foresters (9)

State & Private Forestry

Forest Supervisors

International Programs

District Rangers & staff


Forest Service Regions (9)

  • Northern

  • Rocky Mountain

  • Southwestern

  • Intermountain

  • Pacific Southwest

  • Pacific Northwest

  • Southern

  • Eastern

  • Alaska


State & Private Forestry

  • Conservation Education

  • Cooperative Forestry

  • Fire and Aviation Management

  • Forest Health Management


Organization of National Forest System

Under Secretary of the Dept. of Agriculture

Chief of FS

Research & Development

Regional Foresters (9)

State & Private Forestry

Forest Supervisors

International Programs

District Rangers & staff


National Forest System

  • National Forests

  • National Grasslands

  • National Wilderness Areas

  • National Forest Roadless Areas


National Forests

  • A large forest ecosystem used for recreation, timber, wildlife, range, and watershed purposes.

  • Designated by Secretary of Agriculture.

  • 155 NFs.

Finger Lakes National Forest


National Grasslands

  • A large grassland ecosystem used for recreation, range, wildlife, timber, and watershed purposes.

  • Designated by Secretary of Agriculture.

  • 20 NGs.


Little Missouri National Grassland, ND

Sharp-tailed grouse

Prairie dogs


Little Missouri National Grassland, ND

Herding cattle

Oil drilling


National Wilderness Areas

  • Large, primitive areas preserved in their natural, untouched condition.

  • Non-mechanical recreation permitted as long as wilderness character is not harmed.

  • Designated by Congress.

Pack trip on wilderness area in Shoshone NF


NF Roadless Areas

  • Large, primitive areas located in NFs & NGs (85.5 million acres).

  • While most RAs are roadless, some may have roads.

  • Designated by Secretary of Agriculture or Chief of the Forest Service.


Evolution of the FS


Creation Act of 1891

Allowed the President to set aside forest reserve lands from the national public domain.

Shoshone NF (original Yellowstone Timber Reserve)


Organic Administrative Act of 1897

Created the Division of Forests in the USDI for timber and water purposes.

Gifford Pinchot, First FS Director


Transfer Act of 1905

  • Transferred the USDI Division of Forests to USDA.

  • Created USDA Forest Service.


Weeks Act of 1911

  • Made it possible for the FS to purchase lands to protect navigable streams.

  • Most of the forest reserve land in the east was purchased through this act.

Nantahala River, Nantahala NF


Multiple-use Sustained-yield Act of 1960

Changed the purposes

of the USFS to:

  • Recreation

  • Water

  • Wildlife

  • Timber

  • Range

Campground, Shoshone NF


Forest & Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974

  • Mandated periodic assessment of forest and rangeland resources.

  • Mandated long-range planning by the Forest Service.


National Forest Management Act of 1976

  • Required the USFS to create a management plan for each national forest.

  • Made public input in the planning process mandatory.


Challenges for the USFS

  • Increasing demand for recreation

    • about 286 million recreational visits/year

  • Federal budget problems

    • Proposed 2004: $4.8 billion

      • $96.5 million increase (uncontrollable costs)

      • $24.4 million increase (other activities)

    • $8.4 billion backlog in repairs & maintenance


Challenges for the USFS

  • Necessity of increasing user fees

  • Managing areas for multiple use

  • Impacts of use on natural resources


CASE STUDY:Shoshone NF, Wyoming

Rocky Mountain Region

2.5 million acres

Annual budget $8.3 million


5 districts within the National Forest


Wildlife Management

Culvert removal ON Squaw Creek to enable fish movement.


Wildlife Management

  • Grizzly bear monitoring

  • Visitor education about bears


Land Management

  • Timber sales

  • Fuel reduction harvests

  • Grazing permits

  • Prescribed burns


Fire Management & monitoring


Visitor Recreation

  • Trailer & tent camping permitted

  • 164,000 visitor days spent camping (1997)

Campground at Shoshone NF


Visitor recreation

Dispersed camping in 5 wilderness areas within Shoshone

1.4 million acres of wilderness

Beartooth Mountains Wilderness Area


Visitor recreation

  • Scenic driving on the Buffalo Bill Cody National Scenic Byway

  • About 21,000 visitor days/year


Visitor Recreation

Fishing platform


Visitor Recreation

1,388 miles of trails

Popo Agie Wilderness Area


Visitor Recreation

Pack trips


Visitor Recreation

Many sites with the forest are on the National Register of Historic Places

Wapiti Ranger Station


Visitor Recreation

Many sites with the forest are on the National Register of Historic Places

Mine shafts


Interpretation

  • Limited to trailhead signs and several guidebooks


Cooperating with Local Business Owners

Brooks Lake Lodge, Shoshone NF


Cooperating with Local Business Owners

Sleeping Giant Ski Area, Shoshone NF


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