Who are the people we will be talking about?. The Speaker of the HouseThe Speaker of the House sends bills to committees and presides over House meetings.The President of the SenateThe Speaker of the Senate is responsible for presiding over Senate meetings and setting the Senate's agenda.Governo
1. How do Ideas Become Laws? The legislative process in Missouri
State Representative David Day
148th District of Missouri
2. Who are the people we will be talking about? The Speaker of the House
The Speaker of the House sends bills to committees and presides over House meetings.
The President of the Senate
The Speaker of the Senate is responsible for presiding over Senate meetings and setting the Senate’s agenda.
The Governor is supposed to make sure that state agencies and departments run effectively. He is also responsible for appointing state officials that are not elected by the people.
3. And in the Beginning… A lawmaker or constituent comes up with an idea for a new law.
What is a constituent?
A constituent is an American citizen that a Representative or Senator is representing.
4. Now Research.. Research much be done to see if the new idea…
Meets the requirements of the Constitution?
The Constitution is known as the “Supreme Law of the Land”. This means that a law cannot be passed that changes, or goes against what has already been written in the Constitution.
5. More Research… If the idea does not conflict with the Constitution, we must make sure that the idea does not conflict with any other laws that already exist.
Then we must see if there are groups and organizations in America that would support this idea.
6. If so, then… The idea is drawn up into a bill and filed with the Chief Clerk’s Office.
It is sent to the Speaker of the House where he/she has two options
The Speaker may choose to reject, or “sit on” the bill, which means it is DEAD
Or he/she can send the bill to a Committee Chairman
7. If the Speaker Sends it on… The Committee Chairman receives the bill and now he/she has a decision to make.
The Chairman can “sit on” the bill to keep it from going any farther. The bill is then known as being DEAD.
Or the Chairman may send the bill onto committee to be discussed.
8. The committee has three choices The committee can amend (or change) the bill
The committee can decide to reject, or “veto” the bill. If the bill is vetoed, it is known as being DEAD.
Or the committee can pass the bill
If the committee passes the bill it is sent to the House Majority Floor Leader…
9. Now the Floor Leader has many decisions… Does he/she schedule it for debate on the floor? If so…
How much debate time does it get?
Is it a priority?
What time of day does it get scheduled for, it makes a difference.
If the bill is not scheduled for debate…
It is DEAD
10. OK…it is going to be debated on the Floor… On the floor three things can happen, it can…
Pass the House with changes made to the bill
Fail on the floor which means it is DEAD
Or pass on the Floor
So if it passes the House, are we done?
11. On to the Senate… In the Senate…
ALL of what you just went through happens again. The bill goes through…
The Senate President
Senate Floor Leader
And the Senate.
And again, at any of these places the bill can be killed….making it DEAD!
12. After the Senate… If the bill needs to be changed in any way, it goes to Conference Committee. After those changes are made, the bill is sent back to the Senate and the House for final votes.
IF it passes both chambers a final time…off to the Governor’s Office. There the Governor has two choices….
13. Sign the bill or VETO If the Governor signs the bill, it is then the new law of the land.
The Governor may choose not to sign the bill, which means he “vetoes” that bill.
If the Governor veto’s the bill…well here we go again….
The bill then goes back to the House and Senate during Veto Session. If enough members vote for the bill, it is law, if not…it is DEAD!
14. Pretty simple?...HUH? Now you know that there are many steps for an idea to become a law.
These steps are important because they help ensure that laws are helpful and beneficial to the American people.
15. Check this out… Schoolhouse Rock Video
16. The End