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The Future of Networking A Long Range View and Opportunities for BRIN. Richard S. Wolff, Ph. D. [email protected] 406 994 7172 August 12, 2003. Outline. Major trends in Networking Optical networks tutorial Internet2 and beyond What does it mean for BRIN?

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The future of networking a long range view and opportunities for brin

The Future of Networking

A Long Range View

and

Opportunities for BRIN

Richard S. Wolff, Ph. D.

[email protected]

406 994 7172

August 12, 2003


Outline

Outline

  • Major trends in Networking

    • Optical networks tutorial

    • Internet2 and beyond

  • What does it mean for BRIN?

    • High-speed network applications

    • Getting better connectivity for us


Continued growth in internet usage

Continued Growth in Internet Usage


Industry trends single fiber capacity

Industry Trends- Single Fiber Capacity

10000

1000

Optical networking

for increased functionality

ATM, IP ...

100

Research Systems

Capacity (Gb/s)

10

Commercial Systems

Multi wavelength transmission

to meet capacity requirements

SONET

1

Fiberization

Digitization

0.1

1985

1990

1995

2000

Year


Wavelength division multiplexing wdm

Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM)

Single

Optical Amplifier

Multiple Amplifiers

  • Increases capacity using existing fiber

  • Permits graceful growth, a wavelength at a time

  • Reduces cost of adding bandwidth

.


The future of networking a long range view and opportunities for brin

Optical Network Switching and Routing Strategies

Highly

Dynamic

Optical

switching

Integrated MPlS routing

Frequent, flexible

Real-time connections

WDM channel

provisioning

Static

Static network

configuration

Fewer, fixed

connections

Time


What why of nextgen optical networking

What & Why of NextGen Optical Networking

  • Customer-controlled fiber and/or lambdas

  • Opportunities for more bandwidth, non-contention-based bandwidth & and breakable research networks

  • Lower marginal costs of expansion by adding lambdas

  • Platform for new networking research (connection-oriented) using lambda-switching

  • Leverages unique market conditions: availability of fiber and optical equipment


Outline1

Outline

  • Major trends in Networking

    • Optical networks tutorial

    • Internet2 and beyond

  • What does it mean for BRIN?

    • High-speed network applications

    • Getting better connectivity for us


Internet2 universities 202 university members march 2003

Internet2 Universities202 University Members, March 2003


Internet2 network architecture

Internet2Backbone Networks

Internet2 Network Architecture

GigaPoP

One

GigaPoP

Two

GigaPoP

Four

GigaPoP

Three


Network architecture

University A

Internet2 Interconnect

Cloud

GigaPoP

One

Regional Network

Commercial

Internet

Connections

University C

University B

Network Architecture


Internet2 gigapops 31 as of march 2003

Internet2 GigaPoPs31 as of March 2003


Leading emerging optical initiatives projects

Leading & Emerging Optical Initiatives & Projects

  • California (CENIC ONI), Connecticut (Conn Ed Network), Florida (Florida LambdaRail), Indiana (I-Light), Illinois (I-Wire), Maryland, DC & Virginia (MAX), Michigan, NY & New England (NEREN), North Carolina (NCN), Ohio (Third Frontier Network), Oregon, SURA Crossroads, Texas (Start of Texas)

  • National LambdaRail (NLR), SURA NBC / USA Waves

  • Northern Tier


Outline2

Outline

  • Major trends in Networking

    • Optical networks tutorial

    • Internet2 and beyond

  • What does it mean for BRIN?

    • High-speed network applications

    • Getting better connectivity for us


Advanced applications http apps internet2 edu

Advanced Applicationshttp://apps.internet2.edu/

  • Distributed computation

  • Virtual laboratories

  • Digital libraries

  • Distributed learning

  • Digital video

  • Tele-immersion

  • All of the above in combination


The future of networking a long range view and opportunities for brin

Using the Internet for Bioinformatics


Virtual laboratories using ucsd facilities on line

Virtual LaboratoriesUsing UCSD facilities on line


Watching the brain in action mri high speed networks super computing

Watching the brain in action:MRI + High-speed networks + super computing

http://www.psc.edu/science/Goddard/goddard.html


The future of networking a long range view and opportunities for brin

Access Grid: Reaching the World

East Carolina University


A few access grid ag facts

A Few Access Grid “AG” Facts

  • Developed by the Futures Laboratory at Argonne National Laboratory

  • Deployed by the NCSA PACI Alliance

  • The Access Grid is now in use at over 160 institutions worldwide

    http://www.accessgrid.org


What is an ag

What is an AG?

  • Advanced Videoconferencing System

  • Internet2

  • Multicasting Technology

  • Multiple Sites around the World

  • Multiple Views of each Site

  • Interactive Environment

  • Shared Presentations and Applications

  • Small Personal Spaces

  • Large Collaborative Environments


Who uses ag

Who Uses AG?

  • Higher Education Institutions

  • Corporations

  • Government

  • Research Laboratories

  • Supercomputing Centers


What can an ag be used for

What can an AG be used for?

  • Share Research Developments and Methods

  • Teach Joint Courses

  • Host Special Educational Seminars

  • Exchange ideas and join Dynamic discussions

  • Large-scale Distributed Meetings with Colleagues Worldwide


Use of the access grid node collaborative research on tumors

Use of the Access Grid Node Collaborative Research on Tumors


Outline3

Outline

  • Major trends in Networking

    • Optical networks tutorial

    • Internet2 and beyond

  • What does it mean for BRIN?

    • High-speed network applications

    • Getting better connectivity for us


Why does it all matter

Why Does It All Matter?

  • Our researchers need to be full members of all local, regional, national & international communities of interest

  • For many, this already requires high-performance connectivity from the desktop to the world

  • (For others, it will soon)


Optical networks for demanding collaborative applications beyond internet2

Optical networks for demanding collaborative applications – beyond Internet2

  • Several applications at MSU that demand high bandwidth connectivity, low latency, remote computation, real-time visualization:

    • CCB: Neuroscience application requiring distributed processing, remote real-time access to multiple, distributed data sets

    • Solar Physics: Satellite operations, Virtual Solar Observatory

    • Ag Science: Multi-state program involving remote sensing data, visualization

    • INRA Subsurface Soil Science PhD program


Start with the campus

Start with the campus

  • 100Mbps switched to the desktop

    • More for specialized apps, 10Mbps switched where necessary and accept its limits

    • Drive at least to a fiber-based distribution system

  • Multicast required for many apps

  • Tune key servers & clients!

  • Wireless for ubiquity & mobility

  • Bandwidth management where needed


Key intra state networking strategies

Key Intra-State Networking Strategies

  • Technologies

    • Dark fiber -- where possible

    • High-speed leased services

    • Microwave

    • Emerging & non-emerging wireless approaches

    • Satellite

  • Procurement Approaches

    • Leverage regulatory capabilities

    • Buy

    • Lease

    • “Partner” with vendors

  • Collaborate with: K12? State? Feds? Museums?

    Problems are regionally idiosyncratic


Staying connected

Staying Connected!

  • National initiatives are moving quickly and often exclude “us”

  • We need to learn from what they’re doing and apply lessons where we can

  • We need more help both from within and without

    Problems are regionally idiosyncratic but national in scope


Today s research network backbone

MIS

BIL

BZN

Today’s research network backbone

What’s wrong with this picture?

SEA

POR

SAC

BOS

NYC

CHI

OGD

DEN

SVL

CLE

WDC

PIT

FRE

KAN

RAL

NAS

STR

LAX

PHO

WAL

ATL

SDG

OLG

DAL

Proposals submitted to NSF and NCRR to enable Montana to participate

in main stream e-science


Western brin infonet proposal submitted to ncrr in july

Western BRIN InfoNet ProposalSubmitted to NCRR in July

  • Develop and implement a plan that will provide a high-speed telecommunications network for biomedical researchers in the group of six rural states currently on the other side of the geographical digital divide

  • Alaska, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, and Wyoming


Western brin infonet proposal plans for montana

Western BRIN InfoNet ProposalPlans for Montana

  • Connect the Montana State University network to the Internet2 backbone in Seattle with high-speed fiber

  • Add Access Grid node capability dedicated to BRIN-related activities and engineered to interoperate effectively with other BRIN and Grid AGNodes

  • Work with other in-state campuses to provide top quality end-to-end performance for BRIN resources including Access Grid Nodes


Western brin infonet proposal research projects examples

Western BRIN InfoNet ProposalResearch Projects - examples

  • Bioinformatics Grid, led by Sherrilynne Fuller at the University of Washington

  • BIRN Project, a grid-based distributed collaborative environment for brain imaging data led by Mark Ellisman at U.C. San Diego

  • NeuroSys Project,a data management system that allows individual researchers to annotate, query and share data led by Gwen Jacobs at Montana State University

  • Plus others……


The red queen in through the looking glass by lewis carroll

“Now here you see, it takes all the running you can do to keep in the same place. If you want to get somewhere else, you must run at least twice as fast as that!”

The Red Queen, inThrough the Looking Glassby Lewis Carroll


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