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Tripartite Agreements and Bio Fuels PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Tripartite Agreements and Bio Fuels. Maurice Gordon, P.E. Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc. Introduction. MARPOL Annex II and IBC Code Revisions Effective 1 January 2007 Re-classification for all chemicals IBC Code Chapters 17 & 18 MEPC.2 Circular

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Tripartite agreements and bio fuels l.jpg

Tripartite AgreementsandBio Fuels

Maurice Gordon, P.E.

Maritime Systems

Engineering, Inc.


Introduction l.jpg

Introduction

  • MARPOL Annex II and IBC Code Revisions

    • Effective 1 January 2007

  • Re-classification for all chemicals

    • IBC Code Chapters 17 & 18

    • MEPC.2 Circular

  • Insufficient time to reclassify all products

  • Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


    Gesamp l.jpg

    GESAMP

    • Global Experts on the Scientific Aspects of Marine Pollution

    • Technical committee sponsored by 8 UN agencies including IMO

      • Prepares Hazard Profile (GHP) for product

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


    Slide4 l.jpg

    ESPH

    • Evaluation of Safety and Pollution Hazards Working Group

    • Part of IMO Subcommittee on Bulk Liquids and Gasses (BLG)

      • Pollution Category

      • Ship Type

      • Conditions of Carriage

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Current Approval Status

    • 120 products not approved due to missing data

    • Mixtures and trade name products from MSC.2 Circular not approved

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


    Parties to tripartite l.jpg

    Parties to Tripartite

    • Source State – Shipping or producing country

    • Destination State – Country receiving the product

    • Flag State – Ship’s country of registry

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Product Evaluation

    • Initiated by Source State

    • Required before initiating Tripartite Agreement

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    What is the Product?

    Is Vapor

    Pressure >.28MPa

    @37.8ºC?

    Liquefied Gas

    (Gas Carrier

    Code)

    Yes

    No

    Is Product

    An Oil?

    MARPOL

    ANNEX I

    MARPOL

    Annex II

    IBC Code

    Yes

    No

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Existing Approvals

    • Review IBC Code

      • Chapter 17 – Substances governed by IBC Code

      • Chapter 18 – Substances not governed by IBC

      • Chapter 19 – Index of Products Carried In Bulk

        • Includes cross-reference of synonyms

  • Review MEPC.2 Circular

    • Recent Approvals

    • Products with Tripartite Agreements

  • Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    MEPC.2 Circular Lists

    • List 1 – Pure products

      • Fully evaluated and approved for next IBC Code

      • Products with Tripartite Agreements

  • List 2 – Pollutant-only mixtures

    • Many listed by trade name

  • List 3 – Trade name products with safety hazards

  • List 4 – Pollutant-only mixtures with >1% unassessed components

  • Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Is There a Hazard Profile?

    Listed in IBC

    Code?

    Listed in

    MEPC.2

    Circular?

    Initiate

    Provisional

    Assessment

    No

    No

    Yes

    Yes

    Does Entry

    Have

    Expiration?

    Apply IBC or

    MEPC.2

    Amendment

    Review

    Assessment;

    Join Agreement

    No

    Yes

    Pure Product or Aqueous Solution

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


    Provisional assessment l.jpg

    Provisional Assessment

    New GESAMP

    Profile?

    Derive Pollution

    Category and

    Ship Type

    Assign Carriage

    Requirements

    Initiate

    Tripartite

    Agreement

    Yes

    Yes

    No

    Sufficient

    For Provisional

    Hazard

    Profile?

    Evaluate

    Available

    Data

    Classify by

    Analogy

    No

    Pure Product or Aqueous Solution

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Mixtures ≥99% Listed Products

    Safety

    Hazards?

    Product ≥99%

    IMO Listed

    Components

    Assign Carriage

    Requirements

    Yes

    No

    Calculate

    Pollution

    Category and

    Ship Type

    Assign (n.o.s.)

    Code Entry

    Initiate

    Tripartite

    Agreement

    Notify

    Destination State

    & Flag State

    Mixtures

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Mixtures <99% Listed Products

    Assess Mixture

    As A Whole?

    Product <99%

    IMO Listed

    Components

    Use Process for

    Pure Products

    Yes

    No

    Calculate

    Pollution

    Category and

    Ship Type

    Assess Each

    Component

    Initiate

    Tripartite

    Agreement

    Assign Carriage

    Requirements

    Mixtures

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Tripartite Process

    Response within

    14 Days?

    Initiate

    Tripartite

    Agreement

    Yes

    Positive

    Response?

    Proposal

    Deemed

    Accepted

    No

    Yes

    No

    Provisional Assessment

    By

    Tripartite Agreement

    Assign

    Most Severe

    Conditions

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Tripartite Follow-up

    • Flag State – Amend Vessel Certificates

    • Source State – Advise IMO within 30 days

    • IMO – Updates MEPC.2 Circular

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Assessment Completion

    • Provisional Assessment valid for 3 years

    • Manufacturer submits data to GESAMP

    • GESAMP issues Hazard Profile

    • Manufacturer (via Source State) submits proposal for IBC Entry to IMO

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    What is Biodiesel?

    • Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME) of Vegetable Oil or Animal Fat

    • Variations in feedstock source

    • Commodity Exchanges govern feedstock

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


    Imo assessment l.jpg

    IMO Assessment

    • Biodiesel assessed individually by source

    • Current Approvals

      • Palm Oil FAME (IBC Chapter 18)

      • Coconut Oil FAME (IBC Chapter 18)

      • Rapeseed (Canola) Oil FAME (MEPC.2/Circ. List 1)

  • None Approved under new IBC Code

  • Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    US Coast Guard Action

    • Tripartite Agreement for Biodiesel: Soy, rapeseed or tallow methyl esters

    • Between U.S. ports in U.S. flag vessel

    • Assessment under old IBC by analogy

      • Valid through 31 December 2006

  • Currently working on Tripartite for international carriage

  • Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


    Biodiesel classification l.jpg

    Biodiesel Classification

    • Generic approach

    • Pollutant only product

    • Suggested listing

      Biodiesel, animal or vegetable

      Fatty acid methyl ester (n.o.s.)

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Biodiesel Uses

    • Pure Biodiesel (B100) as fuel additive

    • Blended Biodiesel – 15%-20% in petroleum diesel fuel (B15 or B20)

    • B100 for use as unblended fuel

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Biodiesel Volumes

    • B100 fuel additive: low volume increasing as market matures

    • B15 or B20 blend or B100 fuel: Volume comparable to current diesel oil requirements

    • Volumes likely to exceed chemical tanker capacity

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    U.K. & Sweden Guidance

    • Interim Guidance pending MEPC consideration

    • Applies to bio-fuels, bio-alcohol and various FAMEs

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    U.K. & Sweden Guidance

    • Bio-fuels in pure state – Annex II

    • Bio-fuels blended with petroleum up to 15% – Annex I

    • Construction materials compatible with cargo

    • Bio-fuel concentrations over 15% require Administration review

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Annex I Treatment

    • Biodiesel can be used in any concentration

    • Demand likely to grow

    • Volume will become more consistent with product tanker capacity

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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    Annex I Treatment

    • Limit to double hull tankers meeting Annex I Regulation 13F

    • Overboard discharge limited as oil

      • Decanted water only

      • ODMEs may require re-certification

    Maritime Systems Engineering, Inc.


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