Warm up 3 7 08
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 20

Warm Up 3/7/08 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 37 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Warm Up 3/7/08. Earth receives energy from the sun through what method of heat transfer? a.radiationc. convection b.conductiond. none of the above Which process involves mass movement within a substance? a.radiationc. conduction b.convectiond. reflection

Download Presentation

Warm Up 3/7/08

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Warm up 3 7 08

Warm Up 3/7/08

  • Earth receives energy from the sun through what method of heat transfer?

    a.radiationc. convection

    b.conductiond. none of the above

  • Which process involves mass movement within a substance?

    a.radiationc. conduction

    b.convectiond. reflection

  • All matter is composed of atoms or molecules that have energy of motion, also known as ____.

    a.solar energyc. potential energy

    b.radiationd. kinetic energy

    Answers: 1) a. 2) b. 3) d.


Temperature controls

Temperature Controls

Chapter 17, Section 3


Why temperatures vary

Why Temperatures Vary

  • A temperature control is any factor that causes temperature to vary from place to place and from time to time

  • Because variations in the angle of the sun’s rays and length of daylight depend on latitude, they are responsible for warmer temperatures in the tropics and colder temperatures toward the poles

  • Factors other than latitude that exert a strong influence on temperature include heating of land and water, altitude, geographic position, cloud cover, and ocean currents


Concept check

Concept Check

  • List three factors that influence temperature.

  • Latitude, differential heating of land and water, altitude, geographic position, cloud cover, ocean currents


Land and water

Land and Water

  • Land heats more rapidly and to higher temperatures than water

  • Land also cools more rapidly and to lower temperatures than water

  • Temperature variations, therefore, are considerably greater over land than over water

  • The Southern Hemisphere shows smaller annual temperature variations, due to it having more water than the Northern Hemisphere


Mean monthly temperatures for vancouver and winnipeg

Mean Monthly Temperatures for Vancouver and Winnipeg


Variation in annual mean temperature range with latitude

Variation in Annual Mean Temperature Range with Latitude


Geographic position

Geographic Position

  • A coastal location where prevailing winds blow from the ocean onto the shore (a windward coast) experiences considerably different temperatures than does a coastal location where the prevailing winds blow from the land to the ocean (a leeward coast)

  • The windward coast will experience all of the moderating effects of the ocean, cool summers and mild winters

  • The leeward coast will have a more continental pattern because winds do not carry the ocean’s influence to shore

  • Mountains may act as a barrier for a windward coast, and the opposite side will not receive the moderating effect of the ocean


Monthly temperatures for eureka ca and new york city

Monthly Temperatures for Eureka, CA and New York City


Monthly temperatures for seattle and spokane wa

Monthly Temperatures for Seattle and Spokane, WA


Altitude cloud cover and albedo

Altitude, Cloud Cover and Albedo

  • Two cities at the same latitude may have much different temperatures due to altitude, with the higher city’s temperature being colder

  • Albedo – the fraction of total radiation that is reflected by any surface

  • Many clouds have a high albedo, and therefore reflect a significant portion of the sunlight that strikes them back to space

  • During the day, clouds will keep the temperatures cooler by not allowing as much solar energy to get through

  • During the night, clouds act as a blanket by absorbing outgoing radiation and reradiating it back to the surface

  • The effect of cloud cover is to reduce the daily temperature range


Monthly temperatures for quito and guayaquil ecuador

Monthly Temperatures for Quito and Guayaquil, Ecuador


Clouds reduce daily temperature range

Clouds Reduce Daily Temperature Range


Concept check1

Concept Check

  • Why do many clouds reflect a significant amount of sunlight back to space?

  • Clouds reflect a significant amount of sunlight back to space because of their high albedos.


World distribution of temperature

World Distribution of Temperature

  • Isotherms – lines that connect points that have the same temperature

  • The isotherms on a world isothermal map generally trend east and west and show a decrease in temperatures from the tropics toward the poles


World distribution of mean temperature for january

World Distribution of Mean Temperature for January


World distribution of mean temperature for july

World Distribution of Mean Temperature for July


Assignment

Assignment

  • Read Chapter 17 (pg. 476-493)

  • Do Chapter 17 Assessment #1-30 (pg. 499-500)

  • STUDY for Chapter 17 Quiz!


Cool down

Cool Down

  • How do the heating of land and water differ?

  • Land heats and cools more rapidly and to greater temperature extremes than water does.

  • Why do some coastal cities experience a moderation of temperature from water, while other do not?

  • Some coastal cities are influenced more strongly from prevailing ocean winds than others are.

  • What is one new thing you learned today? Explain.


  • Login