Mesoamerican Conquistadors Part 2. Unit 3 Ms. Hunt RMS IB 2012- 2013. Conquest of the Inca. 1528 – The Inca Empire controlled about 690,000 square miles The Inca Empire included many different tribes of people Controlled by the Incan capital of Cuzco. Very rich society!
RMS IB 2012- 2013
Interesting Fact- Hoping the Spanish will go away, Atahualpa offers Pizarro a room full of gold, if they will leave. Pizarro agreed, but instead had Atahualpa executed.
1533 – Inca capital Cuzco falls to the Spaniards.
Reasons the Inca were defeated:
Superior Spanish weapons, like guns, horses, canons, and steel armor and swords.
Disease killed as many as 90% of the Inca.
Spanish Fighting Experience – the Spaniards made use of their experience gained fighting the Aztec
Spanish Worldview – Spanish thought it was their duty to wipe out non-Christians
Modern buildings sitting on the ruins
of the Incan foundations of Cuzco.