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Mesoamerican Conquistadors Part 2. Unit 3 Ms. Hunt RMS IB 2012- 2013. Conquest of the Inca. 1528 – The Inca Empire controlled about 690,000 square miles The Inca Empire included many different tribes of people Controlled by the Incan capital of Cuzco. Very rich society!

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Mesoamerican conquistadors part 2

Mesoamerican ConquistadorsPart 2

Unit 3

Ms. Hunt

RMS IB 2012- 2013


Conquest of the inca
Conquest of the Inca

  • 1528 – The Inca Empire controlled about 690,000 square miles

  • The Inca Empire included many different tribes of people

  • Controlled by the Incan capital of Cuzco.

  • Very rich society!

  • Empire hard to govern

    • Too big

    • Rough terrain

    • All travel was done on foot


Francisco pizarro conquistador
FranciscoPizarroConquistador

  • Francisco Pizarro was responsible for the conquest of the Inca.

  • Pizarro Goals-

    • gain personal wealth

    • Fame

    • glory

  • Traveled to Peru in 1526 to explore, contacted the Inca, then returned to Spain in 1526.


Pizarro s conquest
Pizarro’s Conquest

  • 1530 – King Charles V financed expedition to gain wealth of the Incans

  • Found the Inca much weakened due to a civil war and a deadly smallpox epidemic.

  • 1530-1532 Pizarro’s expedition fought along the frontier of the Incan Empire.

  • 1532- Pizarro and a force of about 180 men captured the Inca Emperor, Atahualpa

Interesting Fact- Hoping the Spanish will go away, Atahualpa offers Pizarro a room full of gold, if they will leave. Pizarro agreed, but instead had Atahualpa executed.


Defeat of the inca
Defeat of the Inca

1533 – Inca capital Cuzco falls to the Spaniards.

Reasons the Inca were defeated:

Superior Spanish weapons, like guns, horses, canons, and steel armor and swords.

Disease killed as many as 90% of the Inca.

Spanish Fighting Experience – the Spaniards made use of their experience gained fighting the Aztec

Spanish Worldview – Spanish thought it was their duty to wipe out non-Christians

Modern buildings sitting on the ruins

of the Incan foundations of Cuzco.


Explorer s book cover
Explorer’s Book Cover

  • Materials needed- 1 sheet of copy paper, markers/ crayons/ colored pencils

  • For the focus of your book jacket, pick the explorer/ conquistador who you feel is most important!

  • Fold your paper in half (Hamburger style) to create you book jacket.

  • Following the outline below to complete your book jacket:

    • Front cover- Image/ title for your book/ author’s name

    • Inside Left side- write a 1 paragraph summary of the explorer

    • Inside Right side- write a 1 paragraph reflection on why you feel this explorer is the most important!

    • Back Cover- leave blank! Use this area as your glue margin to glue your work into your IN.

  • Your jacket must be colored and show correct information!!! Make it professional!


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