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Brain. Typical Neuron. Typical Neuron with Glial Cells (supportive cells). 2 Main Nervous Systems. Central Nervous System (CNS) Includes only the brain and spinal cord Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) Cranial Nerves-12 pairs (sensory, motor or both)

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slide2

Typical Neuron

Typical Neuron with Glial Cells (supportive cells)

2 main nervous systems
2 Main Nervous Systems
  • Central Nervous System (CNS)
    • Includes only the brain and spinal cord
  • Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
    • Cranial Nerves-12 pairs (sensory, motor or both)
    • Spinal Nerves-31 pairs (sensory and motor)
      • Sensory nerves- eyes, nose, skin, ears, and tongue
      • Motor nerves- allows movement
      • Autonomic Nervous System (ANS)-involuntary
      • Sympathetic Nervous System- speeds reactions
      • Parasympathetic Nervous System- slows reactions

-Somatic Nervous System (SNS)- Voluntary

the 3 main regions of the brain 1 cerebrum state of consciousness external parts
The 3 Main Regions of the Brain: 1. Cerebrum- state of consciousness External parts
  • Frontal lobe or cortex: Emotional control and personality development
  • Temporal: Sensory input, language, and memory
  • Parietal: Sensation, perception, integrating sensory input mostly with visuals
  • Occipital: Visual perception (color, visual spatial processing, and discriminating movement)
  • More Information: http://www.neuroskills.com/
slide5

Central Sulcus (groove)

Lateral Fissure (deep)

cerebrum cerebral cortex
Cerebrum: Cerebral Cortex
  • Gray matter- is the outer layer of the brain that is darker and made up of cell bodies
    • Motor areas
    • Sensory areas
    • Association areas- responsible for thought, learning, judgment, personality, memories and connects sensory and motor areas
  • White matter- is the lighter inner layer of the brain that is made up of many axons
    • Responsible for connecting areas within the same hemisphere together
internal parts of the cerebrum
Internal parts of the Cerebrum:
  • Thalamus- sensory relay

influences mood and movement

  • Hippocampus- short term

and long term memory;

spatial navigation

  • Corpus Callosum- connects the right and left brains together
more internal parts of the cerebrum
More internal parts of the Cerebrum
  • Amygdala- Initial emotional center for immediate reaction
  • Hypothalamus-Maintains homeostasis and regulates hormones
internal parts of the cerebrum1
Internal parts of the Cerebrum:
  • Pineal Body- associated with hormones and navigation (inhibits cancer)
  • Pituitary Gland associated with hormones for growth

Pituitary Gland

the main regions of the brain 2 cerebellum
The Main Regions of the Brain: 2. Cerebellum
  • Cerebellum- (Right and Left sides)

involved in the coordination of voluntary motor movement, balance equilibrium and muscle tone

3 brain stem
3. Brain Stem
  • Brain Stem- cranial nerves and spinal nerves found here, controls involuntary functions: heart rate, breathing rate, blood pressure etc.
    • Pons
    • Medulla Oblongata
    • Midbrain

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=snO68aJTOpM

try using your brain stroop test
Try using your brain: Stroop TEST
  • Dr. John Ridley Stroop 1935
  • Directed attention: you have to manage your attention, inhibit or stop one response in order to say or do something else. 
  • More Information: http://www.snre.umich.edu/eplab/demos/st0/stroopdesc.html
tongue twisters
Tongue twisters

Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.A peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked.If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers,Where\'s the peck of pickled peppers Peter Piper picked?

try this
Try this!

Something in a thirty-acre thermal thicket of thorns and thistles thumped and thundered threatening the three-D thoughts of Matthew the thug - although, theatrically, it was only the thirteen-thousand thistles and thorns through the underneath of his thigh that the thirty year old thug thought of that morning.

by Meaghan Desbiens

Say: Unique New York five [email protected]!

brain disorders where is the brain triggered
Brain Disorders: Where is the brain triggered?

STROKES: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M_fo6ytlmD0&NR=1

http://www.brainsource.com/brain%20injury.htm

sensory organs
Sensory Organs
  • Eyes
  • Ears
  • Nose
  • Tongue
  • Skin
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