Introduction to facilities design l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 26

Introduction to Facilities Design PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 156 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Introduction to Facilities Design. Chapter 1. Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities. Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities. Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities. Typical Design and Planning Problems.

Download Presentation

Introduction to Facilities Design

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Introduction to facilities design l.jpg

Introduction to Facilities Design

Chapter 1


Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities l.jpg

Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities


Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities3 l.jpg

Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities


Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities4 l.jpg

Chronological list of facilities planning and design activities


Typical design and planning problems l.jpg

Typical Design and Planning Problems


Levels of decisions l.jpg

Levels of decisions

  • Strategic or Design or Long-term

  • Planning or Intermediate

  • Operational or short-term


Why is facilities layout important l.jpg

Why is facilities layout important?

  • 20-75% of product cost attributed to materials handling (Sule, 1991 and Tompkins et al. 2003)

  • Layout of facilities affects materials handling costs

  • Facilities includes machines, departments, workstations, locker rooms, service areas, etc.


Why is facilities layout important8 l.jpg

Why is facilities layout important?

  • Good layout increases productivity efficiency

  • Reducing congestion permits smooth flow of people and material

  • Space utilization is effective and efficient

  • Facilitates communication and supervision

  • Safe and pleasant working environment

  • Pilferage


Constraints in developing facilities layout l.jpg

Constraints in developing facilities layout

  • Some pairs of departments must be adjacent

  • Some pairs of departments must not be adjacent

  • Some departments only in specific locations

  • Existing building constraints

  • OSHA regulations, fire codes, etc.


Types of layout problems some examples l.jpg

Types of layout problems – Some examples

  • JIT manufacturer

  • Relayout of an existing facility

  • Relayout due to increased traffic (resulting from a merger)

  • Consolidation of manufacturing operations from two or more sites to one

  • Leasing of office space in a multi-story building

  • Find a better layout in existing space

  • Introduction of new product lines


Types of layout problems l.jpg

Types of layout problems

  • Layout of a service system

  • Layout of a manufacturing facility

  • Warehouse layout

  • Nontraditional layout


Applications l.jpg

Applications

  • Manufacturing

  • Healthcare

  • Service

    • Restaurants

    • Banks

    • Airports

    • Entertainment

  • Logistics and Distribution

    • Ports/Terminals

    • Distribution Centers


Types of projects l.jpg

Types of Projects

  • New Facility (rare to face in one’s career)

  • General Re-layout (retrofit)

    • Expansion due to new product(s)

    • Expansion due to sales growth in existing products

    • Re-organization of work areas (evolutionary design)

    • Outsourcing of logistics capability

    • Addition of automation technology

    • Problem elimination

    • Cost reduction

    • Product discontinuation


Service system layout dentist s office l.jpg

Staff Lounge

X-Ray Room

Records Room

Dentist’s Room

Orthodontist’s Room

Oral Hygienist’s Room

Oral Hygienist’s Room

Men’s Rest Room

Reception

Women’s Rest Room

Waiting Area

Service system layout – Dentist’s office


Service system layout grocery store l.jpg

Service system layout – Grocery store


Operations review for office layouts suskind 1989 l.jpg

Operations review for office layouts (Suskind, 1989)

  • Is the company outgrowing its space?

  • Is available space too expensive?

  • Is building in the proper location?

  • How will a new layout affect the organization and service?

  • Are office operations too centralized or decentralized?

  • Does the office structure support the strategic plan?

  • Is the new layout in tune with the company’s image

  • Does customer physically participate in service delivery?


Office structures l.jpg

Office structures

  • Closed structure

  • Semiclosed structure

  • Open structure

  • Semiopen structure


Closed structure l.jpg

Closed structure


Semiclosed structure l.jpg

Teller

Teller

Teller

Semiclosed structure


Open structure l.jpg

Open structure


Semiopen structure l.jpg

Semiopen structure


Manufacturing layout l.jpg

Manufacturing layout

  • Minimize transportation cost of raw materials, sub-assemblies, work-in-process inventory, tools, parts, finished products, etc.

  • Facilitate traffic flow

  • Improve employee morale

  • Minimize or eliminate risk of injury and property damage

  • Ease of supervision and face-to-face communication


Assembly facility layout l.jpg

Assembly facility layout


Driveway layout l.jpg

Driveway layout


Warehouse layout l.jpg

Warehouse layout


Nontraditional layout l.jpg

Nontraditional layout

  • Keyboard layout

  • IC board layout

  • Computer disk storage layout

  • Airport gate layout


  • Login