Herpetology
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Herpetology. Salamanders. Salamanders. Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Subphylum: Vertebrata Class: Amphibia Order: Caudata Family: Genus: Specific:. Family: Cryptobranchidae . Eastern Hellbender Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis. 5 toes on hind foot

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Herpetology

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Herpetology

Salamanders


Salamanders

  • Kingdom: Animalia

  • Phylum: Chordata

  • Subphylum: Vertebrata

  • Class: Amphibia

  • Order: Caudata

  • Family:

  • Genus:

  • Specific:


Family: Cryptobranchidae

Eastern Hellbender

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis

  • 5 toes on hind foot

  • Gill slits

  • Huge

  • Breathes from folds on sides


Family: Proteidae

Common Mudpuppy

Necturus maculosus maculosus

  • External gills

  • Four toes on feet


Family: Salamandridae

Red spotted Newt

Notophthalmus v. viridescens

  • Longitudinal ridge on head

  • No costal grooves

  • No nasolabial grooves


Family: Ambystomatidae

1) Ambystoma barbouri

Streamside Salamander

2) Ambystoma texanum

Small-mouthed Salamander

3) Ambystoma jeffersonianum

Jefferson Salamander

4) Ambystoma maculatum

Spotted Salamander

5) Ambystoma opacum

Marbled Salamander


Ambystoma barbouri

Found in Wayne county

Has a small mouth

The barber by the stream from Wayne Co.

Ambystoma texanum

Found in Wood county

Small mouth

Stream-side and Small Mouth


A. texanum/A. barbouriDistribution


Stream-side Salamander

Ambystoma barbouri

  • Found in Wayne county

  • Has a small mouth

  • Black or brown color

  • Toes do not meet


Small-mouthed Salamander

Ambystoma texanum

  • Found in Wood, Mason counties

  • Small mouth

  • Toes do not meet

  • Black / brown color

  • Short face


Jefferson Salamander

Ambystoma jeffersonianum

  • Has a flat head

  • Slender

  • Long long toes


Spotted Salamander

Ambystoma maculatum

  • Has spots

  • Dark color

  • 2 rows of spots down back

  • Costal grooves

  • Chunky salamander


Marbled Salamander

Ambystoma opacum

  • Black and white hourglass spots on back

  • Chunky Monkey


Family: Plethodontidae


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Aneides


Green Salamander

Aneides aeneus

  • Head is broad and flat

  • Toe tips are square and expanded

  • Slender


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Desmognathus


Northern Dusky Salamander

Desmognathus fuscus

  • Bottom lighter than belly

  • Spots on back random

  • Keeled tail

  • Distinct lines down sides


Seal Salamander

Desmognathus monticola

  • No strip at sides

  • Belly is pale

  • Keeled tail

  • Back is darker with scallop like spots


Allegheny Mountain Dusky Salamander

Desmognathus ochrophaeus

  • Looks like 2 line but mouth downward

  • Slender

  • Line from eye to mouth

  • Light line down back


Black-Bellied Salamander

Desmognathus quadramaculatus

  • Costal grooves

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Line from eye to mouth

  • Black body, brown head

  • Keeled tail


Black Mountain Salamander

Desmognathus welteri

Not on Lab Exam


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Gyrinophilus


Spring Salamanders

  • Gyrinophilus p. porphyriticus

    NorthernSpringSalamander

  • Gyrinophilus porphyriticus duryi

    Kentucky Spring Salamander

  • Gyrinophilus subterraneus

    West Virginia Spring Salamander


Gyrinophilus Distribution


Spring Salamanders

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Central pedicel

  • Line posterior from eye toward back of body

  • Keel on tail

  • Spots on back

  • Lighter belly


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Hemidactylium


Four-toed Salamander

Hemidactylium scutatum

  • Tail longer than body

  • Tail pinched at base

  • 4:4 toes


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Eurycea


Two-Lined Salamanders

  • Eurycea bislineata

    Northern Two-lined Salamander

  • Eurycea cirrigera

    Southern Two-lined Salamander


E. bislineata/E. cirrigera Distribution


Two-Lined Salamanders

  • Narrow black line down both sides

  • Light mid-dorsal strip

  • Slender


Long-tailed Salamander

Eurycea l. longicauda

  • Yellow in color

  • Spotted on back

  • Lateral black bars on the tail

  • No spots on belly

  • Tail longer than body


Cave Salamander

Eurycea lucifuga

  • Tail longer than body

  • Irregular black spots and dashes

  • Big eyes

  • Slender


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Plethodon


Eastern Red-backed Salamander

Plethodon cinereus

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Costal grooves

  • Large line down back

  • Spotted (salt and pepper) belly

  • Slender


Plethodon (large) Slimy

  • Plethodon cylindraceus

    White-spotted Slimy Salamander

  • Plethodon glutinosus

    Northern Slimy Salamander

  • Plethodon kentucki

    Cumberland Plateau Salamander


P. glutinosus Complex


Slimy Salamanders

  • Spots uniformly distributed along body

  • Lighter chin


Plethodon (small)

  • Plethodon electromorphus

    Northern Ravine Salamander

  • Plethodon hoffmani

    Valley and Ridge Salamander

  • Plethodon nettingi

    Cheat Mountain Salamander

  • Plethodon richmondi

    Southern Ravine Salamander

  • Plethodon virginia

    Shenandoah Mountain Salamander


Plethodon (small)

  • Small

  • Slender

  • Dark Bodies

  • Worms with legs


Eastern Small Plethodon Complex


Plethodon (large)

  • Plethodon wehrlei

    Wehrle’s Salamander

  • Plethodon punctatus

    Cow Knob Salamander


Cow Knob

Wehrle’s or Cow Knob

  • Dark salamander

  • Lighter throat

  • White spots mainly along sides (faint)


P. werhlei/P. punctatus Distribution


Family: Plethodontidae

Genus: Pseudotriton


Midland Mud Salamander

Pseudotriton montanus diastictus

  • Nasolabial groove (faint)

  • Central pedicel

  • 30 –40 spots scattered

  • Salmon, red color


Northern Red Salamander

Pseudotriton r. ruber

  • Nasolabial grooves

  • Costal grooves

  • Irregular black dots (40+)

  • No spots at end of tail

  • Belly pale


Map of Counties of West Virginia


What is it?


What is it?


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