Criminal Justice. Unit 1 Crime. What is criminal justice?.
Criminal justice is the application or study of laws regarding criminal behavior. Those who study criminal justice include the police, those working in a judiciary capacity, and lawyers who either defend or prosecute those accused of a crime. Others work to advocate for changes in the current system of criminal justice, such as those who render decisions regarding current laws, like members of Supreme Courts.
Jurisprudence is the study and theory of law. Scholars of jurisprudence, or legal theorists (including legal philosophers and social theorists of law), hope to obtain a deeper understanding of the nature of law, of legal reasoning, legal systems and of legal institutions.
3. Concurrence of the act and the intent
- The person has to intend the act when he or she commits it.
- Sluggo and Nancy example
- The act has to cause the harmful result.
- Homer and Marge example
Like all crimes, murder is made up of particular elements. These must be proved before a person can be convicted.
Murder at common law and under many statutes is the unlawful killing of a human being with malice aforethought.
The provoking act does not excuse the killing, but makes the crime a lesser degree than second-degree murder
The criminal Justice System trust police officers, attorneys, judges, jurors, witnesses, and other officials to act honestly and without improper interference from others.
That does not always happen.