Progressivism for whites only
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Progressivism: For whites only. Many progressives were racists Supported progressive reforms at the same time that they supported Jim Crow laws Some claimed they supported Jim Crow segregation as the only realistic means to protect black people from white violence

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Progressivism: For whites only

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Progressivism for whites only

Progressivism: For whites only

  • Many progressives were racists

  • Supported progressive reforms at the same time that they supported Jim Crow laws

  • Some claimed they supported Jim Crow segregation as the only realistic means to protect black people from white violence

  • Supported eugenics sterilization laws

  • Supported city commission and “at large” voting systems to weaken immigrant votes


Ways to stop the voting

Ways to stop the voting

  • Poll taxes, 1 or 2 dollars, paid in advance of the election

  • No assistants allowed for illiterate voters

  • Literacy tests requiring elaborate recitation of state constitutions

  • Grandfather clauses (did your grandfather vote before the Civil War?)


Race riot wilmington north carolina 1898

Race riot: Wilmington, North Carolina, 1898


Disenfranchisement in the south by percentage of adult male population eligible to vote

Disenfranchisement in the South(by percentage of adult male population eligible to vote)


Booker t washington

Booker T. Washington

  • Born in Virginia just before the Civil War

  • 1881 founded the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute


Race riot atlanta georgia 1906

Race riot: Atlanta, Georgia, 1906

  • 25 blacks killed

  • 1 white killed

  • 4 blacks beaten to death


Dubois three questions for booker t washington 1903

DuBois’ three questions for Booker T. Washington, 1903

  • How can blacks advance themselves economically if they have no political power?

  • How can blacks have pride in themselves if they are second class citizens?

  • How can blacks maintain good common schools without teachers trained in colleges and universities?


Ida wells barnett 1862 1931

Ida Wells Barnett, 1862-1931


Race riot springfield illinois 1908

Race riot: Springfield, Illinois, 1908

  • 4000 national guard troops brought in to stop the riot

  • NAACP founded a year later


Plessy v ferguson 1896

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

  • New Orleans black community sends Homer Plessy to test Louisiana train segregation law

  • Supreme Court rules seven to one to uphold the “Separate Car Act” as long as there were equal accommodations for everyone

  • Harlan’s lone dissent: “The arbitrary separation of citizens on the basis of race . . . Is a badge of servitude wholly inconsistent with the civil freedom and equality before the law . . . “


Progressivism for whites only

Monroe Trotter, Fredrick McGhee, and the “Trotter group”


Progressivism for whites only

The Niagara Movement meeting of 1905 and public concern over the Springfield riot of 1908 resulted in the founding of the NAACP in 1909.

Niagara civil rights meeting of 1905


Themes of the souls of black folk 1903

Themes of The Souls of Black Folk (1903)

  • Challenge to Booker T. Washington

  • Challenge to the William Dunning School of Reconstruction at Columbia University

  • “The problem of the twentieth century is the problem of the color line.”

  • Argument that Black people possess a “double consciousness” (both American and Black)

  • Call for a “talented tenth” to come forward

  • Questions the extent to which self-help can further the African-America community.

  • Questions the extent to which commercial ambitions can help the black community


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