Progressivism: For whites only. Many progressives were racists Supported progressive reforms at the same time that they supported Jim Crow laws Some claimed they supported Jim Crow segregation as the only realistic means to protect black people from white violence
Monroe Trotter, Fredrick McGhee, and the “Trotter group”
The Niagara Movement meeting of 1905 and public concern over the Springfield riot of 1908 resulted in the founding of the NAACP in 1909.
Niagara civil rights meeting of 1905