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The future looks digital. Patricia McGee Leading from the Middle. Today’s Focus. Teaching Learning (emerging) Technology What to consider about what’s next. Who you are. Roles, roles, roles. What are your Top Issues?. Funding? Staffing? Resources?. Top Issues of TLT. Accessibility

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the future looks digital

The future looksdigital

Patricia McGee

Leading from the Middle

today s focus
Today’s Focus



(emerging) Technology

What to consider about what’s next

what are your top issues
What are your Top Issues?

Funding? Staffing? Resources?

top issues of tlt
Top Issues of TLT
  • Accessibility
  • Evidence
  • Ethics
  • Ownership
  • Role of staff
  • Distribution of services and support
  • Course Design
  • Support structures
  • Incentives and acknowledgements
  • Retention
different strokes for different folks
Different strokes for different folks

How do priorities, as relates to TLT, differ between roles?

Change occurs more readily when it is embedded in

Beliefs • Values • Traditions*

what did you do in 1995
What did you do in 1995?

The longer and more fixed the schedule of courses, the less likely students are to complete a course.

Given 1995 conditions, how might this have been addressed from your role in the institution?

what do you do in 2007
What do you do in 2007?

The longer and more fixed the schedule of courses, the less likely students are to complete a course.

Given 2007 conditions, how might this be addressed from your role in the institution?

“A number of studies have shown that over half the jobs created in America during the past half century were the direct consequence of earlier investments in science and technology.”
the question today is
The question today is…

What do you do in 2017?

shifts in learning environments
Shifts in learning environments

Not just in class

LSU Alexandria

Not just via the Internet

Not just on a computer

the new academy
The “new” academy?

Environments. e-mail, WebCT, VLEs, Blogs, IM, SMS, Wikis, discussion forums, gaming, shopping…

Strategies. Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL), publishing, activism…

Activities. Practice, inquiry, observation, debate, projects…

Assessments. Digital papers, Power Point™ Presentations, ePortfolios, Communities of Practice…

the new learner
The “new” learner?

Are your students different than they were 10 years ago?

the new graduate
The “new” graduate?

The percentage of college graduates deemed proficient in prose literacy has actually declined from 40 to 31 percent in the past decade.*


“Employers report repeatedly that many new graduates they hire are not prepared to work, lacking the critical thinking, writing and problem-solving skills needed in today’s workplaces.” *

the new faculty member
The ‘new’ faculty member?

How have faculty changed?

where are your faculty
I know its there but….

I’m kind of interested in that thing I saw…

Hmm, I may have to change what I am doing.

I sure am spending a lot of time managing it.

Is what I am doing really helping students?

I bet I can adapt from what others are doing.

Gee, my ideas may work better than what others have done!

Where are your faculty?

Faculty at different stages

Students living in a separate technology world

Technology that changes daily

other changes
Other changes?



Resources - type, amount?

technology as a solution

Technology as a solution

Or a new challenge


Multiple communication modes

Multiple content formats

Just-in-time information and supports


Data collection of what is really going on with the instructor, the learner and the departments that interact with both

Digital collections


Plagiarism, cheating, ignoring intellectual property rights

Acceptable Use Policy?

Punishment vs. engagement?


Intellectual Property Rights




Do you have a policy for online courses?

IPR for online courses

distribution of services supports
Distribution of services & supports


Technology ownership

planning for tlt
Planning for TLT
  • Macro- developing national curriculum, specifying qualification standards= societal or system
  • Meso - designing an educational program or a course on institutional level = school
  • Micro - preparing course materials, designing learning environment = classroom
According to disruptive innovation theory, some organizations use relatively simple innovations to compete in new ways and “triumph over powerful incumbents.”
re thinking how degrees work
Re-thinking how degrees work

Consortia? Collaborations? Credit for experience? Cross-institutional flexibility?

Does your school give credit for courses taken online from other institutions and sources of instruction?

Institutions that arbitrarily refuse to accept credit for courses taken electronically from other sources have not made the transition to the current learning environment. That is not to say that every form of distance learning will or should be accepted. An institution\'s methods for ensuring quality control should focus on learning outcomes and how they relate to the academic requirements, not on the method of delivery.

at the macro level
At the Macro level

IU3+1 Students can…

  • transfers 90 hours of credit from a community college,
  • take 30 credit hours via distance learning
  • from IU,
  • pay in-state tuition rates for IU courses,
  • get a Bachelor of General Studies degree

UT Telecampus

Western Governor’s University


Delivery mechanism

  • Classroom, lab, etc.
  • Online
  • In field
  • Course Design
    • Distributed Attendance
    • Web Enhanced
    • Blended/Hybrid
    • 100% Online

Pedagogical Design

  • Open entry Open Exit
  • Participatory Pedagogy
  • Modularized
silo approach
Silo Approach

Web-enhanced Blended/hybrid 100% Online




Learner/Instructor Expertise

Need for other online institutional resources

incremental approach
Incremental Approach

Phase 1 -Web-enhanced

Establish infrastructure, services

Phase 2 - Blended/Hybrid for appropriate courses

Expand infrastructure, services, seek partners

Phase 3 - 100% for appropriate courses

Establish partnerships

real world
Real world?
  • 100% online
  • Web-enhanced
    • Established infrastructure, services
  • Blended/Hybrid
    • Established partnerships
what are tested strategies
What are tested strategies?

Four models of tech-supported instruction

course design distributed engagement
Course Design: Distributed Engagement

This approach allows the learner to complete instructional sequences at his or her own pace, in various learning environments and with various supports. Usable for both campus and distributed environments, the intent is to allow students to progress through material in the way and speed that is most appropriate for the individual. Also known as the Emporium Model (NCAT).

math my way foothill college
Math My WayFoothill College
  • Hands on
  • Self-paced math learning modules
  • Patient, caring instruction with a group of students who have similar math skill levels
  • Small groups and one-to-one
  • Computer and paper drills
  • Computer games
  • Pass/No Pass
  • Complete in one quarter what originally took two quarters
course design web enhanced
Course Design: Web-enhanced

Classroom courses that include between class meeting activities using learning systems or other ICT. Also known as the Supplemental Approach (NCAT).

NCAT Examples*

U of Mass Examples

course design blended hybrid
Course Design: Blended/Hybrid

Classroom courses that include between class meeting activities using learning systems or other ICT.

NCAT Examples

U. Of Mass Example

course design 100 online
Course Design: 100% Online

All course activities, resources, interactions, and communications occur online, typically through an institutional learning/course management system.

open entry open exit
Open-entry Open Exit
  • Flexible time
  • Multiple ways to complete assignments
  • Controlled assessment
  • Typically no required attendance
  • Variable credit
  • “Correspondence” model

San Antonio College

Schoolcraft College

participatory pedagogy
Participatory Pedagogy
  • Social networking
  • Learner contributions
  • Learner constructions
  • Learner instructions
  • Shared and Open Knowledge

Flipit 180 - Brenda Laurel

A Hero’s Journey -South Mountain Community College

modularized curricula
Modularized Curricula
  • Self-paced
  • Learning Agents/Objects
  • Credit re-defined

University of Leicester

University of Salzburg






final thoughts
Final thoughts
  • Learning hasn’t change but the delivery of instruction has changed and will continue to
  • Look for collaborators and first ‘responders’
  • Keep an eye on trends
quick picks
Quick picks
  • A vision for free, global (online) education, Richard Baraniuk, Rice University
  • Map of Future Forces Affecting Education
  • The Future Video
  • Emerging Technologies
  • Maricopa Center for Learning and Instruction (mcli)
  • TLT Group for planning and assessment
patricia mcgee@utsa edu
[email protected]

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