Academic career of women at the sofia university 1945 2006
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ACADEMIC CAREER OF WOMEN AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY ( 1945-2006 ). Dr. Georgeta Nazarska, Bulgarian Association of University Women. ACCESS OF BULGARIAN WOMEN AS LECTURERS TO THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY ( 1918-1944 ). Zhana Nikolova – Galabova Associated Professor, in German Literature.

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ACADEMIC CAREER OF WOMEN AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY ( 1945-2006 )

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Academic career of women at the sofia university 1945 2006

ACADEMIC CAREER OF WOMEN AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY (1945-2006)

Dr. Georgeta Nazarska,

Bulgarian Association of

University Women


Access of bulgarian women as lecturers to the sofia university 1918 1944

ACCESS OF BULGARIAN WOMEN AS LECTURERS TO THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY (1918-1944)

Zhana Nikolova – Galabova

Associated Professor, in German Literature

Dr. Elissaveta

Karamichailova

the first Associated Professor, in Nuclear Physics (1939)

Graph 1:Percent of women obtained academic ranks, 1921-1941:1.Assistant Professors (yellow)2.Lecturers (blue)3.Associated Professors (red)

Theodora Raikova-Kovacheva

the first Assistant Professor (1918) at the Sofia University, in Inorganic Chemistry

Dr. Zhivka Dragneva

the first Lecturer, in German Language (1923-1936)


Women lecturers at the sofia university 1940s 1950s

WOMEN LECTURERS AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY (1940s-1950s)

  • Dismissals and appointments due to political reasons. Academic career and political loyalty

  • The total number of women increased at the hard of access (so called ‘higher’) faculties

  • Vertical mobility

    + doctoral theses and doctoral degrees;

    + positions of Deans (Slava Mitovska, Faculty of Law,1955-1956)

  • Horizontal mobility

    + specializations;

    - ‘migrations’ to another scientific institutions;

    - women were ‘pushed out’ from the main branches of science


Women lecturers at the sofia university 1960s 1980s

WOMEN LECTURERS AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY(1960s-1980s)


Power positions of the female teaching staff at the sofia university 1960s 1990s

POWER POSITIONS OF THE FEMALE TEACHING STAFF AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY(1960s-1990s)

Prof. Maya Pencheva, Vice Rector (1999-2001) , nominated for Rector (2003)

Prof. Hristina Mircheva,(the fourth one) ,Dean of Faculty of History (1987-1989)


Women in the staff of the sofia university in the beginning of the 21 st century

WOMEN IN THE STAFF OF THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY(in the beginning of the 21st century)

  • Graph 1:Percent of women with academic ranks - Assistants, Associated Professors, Full Professors - in the faculties of:Law (blue);History (purple)


Women lecturers at the sofia university in the beginning of the 21 st century

WOMEN LECTURERS AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY(in the beginning of the 21st century)

Horizontal Segregation Vertical Segregation


Academic career of women at the sofia university 1945 2006

POWER POSITIONS OF FEMALE TEACHING STAFF AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY(in the beginning of the 21st century)


Academic career of women at the sofia university 1945 2006

POWER POSITIONS OF WOMEN TEACHING STAFF AT THE SOFIA UNIVERSITY(in the beginning of the 21st century)

Graph 2:Percent of women as Chairs of Departments at the Faculties of: 1. Classical and Modern Philology; 2. Education; 3. Philosophy etc. (the last ones – Faculty of Chemistry, Physics, Theology), 2006

Graph 1:Percent of women as Deans, Deputy Deans (in red) and Chairs of Departments (in yellow) at the Sofia University, 2006:1. Faculty of Slavic Studies2. Faculty of Philosophy3. Faculty of Geology and Geography


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