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The Mixed Economy Unit 3 Notes. Standard 12.2: Students analyze the elements of America’s market economy in a global setting Standard 12.6: Students analyze issues of international trade and explain how the U.S. economy affects, and is affected by, economic forces beyond the U.S. borders.

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the mixed economy unit 3 notes

The Mixed EconomyUnit 3 Notes

Standard 12.2: Students analyze the elements of America’s market economy in a global setting

Standard 12.6: Students analyze issues of international trade and explain how the U.S. economy affects, and is affected by, economic forces beyond the U.S. borders.

SWBAT: Describe and provide examples of the similarities and differences between a command, pure market and mixed economy

warm up
Warm-Up
  • REVIEW: What are the THREE ECONOMIC QUESTIONS?
  • List them
  • Provide a summary
  • **If you don’t remember, look at your notes from last unit or get a textbook and open to page 34.
three basic econ questions
Three Basic Econ Questions
  • What to Produce???
  • How to Produce???
  • For Whom to Produce???
how to produce
HOW TO PRODUCE???
  • For every economy, the goods are produced by private enterprise, the government, or a combination of both.

Government OR Private Businesses

slide5
GOVERNMENT =Command Economy

(Pure Centrally Planned Economy)

    • Government produces everything. All resources are government owned and production is coordinated by the central plans of government.
  • PRIVATE ENTERPRISE =Pure Capitalistic

(Pure Market Economy)

    • Private enterprise produces everything. There is no government at all.
  • BOTH = Mixed Capitalism

(Mixed Economy)

    • Combination of government and private enterprise
stop drop and draw
Stop, Drop, and Draw
  • Draw one big circle map and write “The Three Different Economic Systems” as your subject
  • Use a different color to symbolize each system draw two symbols for each system
  • Create a legend to color code your symbols
read about pure market economies and pure centrally planned economies
Read about Pure Market Economies and Pure Centrally Planned Economies
  • Read on pages 35-38
  • Create a tree map with and write about the weaknesses associated with each economic systems.
pme pcpe
Difficult enforcing property rights

Some people have few resources

Some firms try to monopolize markets

No public goods

Externalities

Consumers get low priority

Little choice of freedom

Central planning can be inefficient

Resources owned by the State are sometimes wasted

Environmental damage

PME PCPE
pure capitalism pme
PURE CAPITALISM(PME)
  • PRIVATE ENTERPRISE PRODUCES EVERYTHING…meaning, INDIVIDUALS make the economic decisions…looking out for themselves and their families. Profit is the one and only motive
    • Advantages: People have the freedom to choose, provides competition so consumers get the best
    • Disadvantages: What happens to those that need help…the young, old, disabled…without the help of government?
command pcpe
COMMAND(PCPE)
  • GOVERNMENT DECIDES HOW, AND PRODUCES EVERYTHING!!!
    • Only a few countries today still have much of a command economy. (i.e.-North Korea, China)
    • Advantages: ability to quickly reroute resources in case of emergencies [war], nationwide goals can be set
    • Disadvantages: creates no incentive to work hard, lack of consumer choice, inefficient
dear abby
Dear Abby…

Dear Abby,

I am the leader of a new country and our Parliament is in the middle of a heated debate on whether to design an economy that is primarily command-oriented or pure capitalistic-oriented. What should I advise our new Parliament members to do? And Why???

Sincerely,

Confused Leader

pure capitalistic v command double bubble map compare contrast
Pure Capitalistic v. Command Double Bubble Map: Compare & Contrast
  • Both a pure market economy and a pure centrally planned economy…come with problems.
  • The economy we have in the U.S. is a mixed economy, which is a combination of both government involvement and private enterprise
  • Create a double bubble map to show the similarities and differences between the two
mixed capitalism
MIXED CAPITALISM
  • BOTH GOVERNMENT AND PRIVATE ENTERPRISE
    • Most countries today are mixed!!!

(United States, Great Britain, Mexico, France, Canada, Italy, Japan, etc….and the list goes on and on)

WHY DO YOU THINK MOST COUNTRIES TODAY ARE MIXED??

review advantages and disadvantages
REVIEW:Advantages and Disadvantages
  • On your paper, create a chart that lists the advantages and disadvantages of the three different economic systems.

Think!!!

review
Review:
  • Draw a tree map and place the following nations under the branch you think accurately represents its economy.
    • United States, Mainland China, North Korea, Russia, Mexico
the u s economy today mixed capitalism
Government

Free Enterprise -- “The Market”

The U.S. Economy Today*Mixed Capitalism*
the government s role
The Government’s Role

There are 3 levels of government:

a. Federal (National)

b. State (50 Individual States)

c. Local (thousands and thousands of cities/counties)

what powers does our gov t have
What Powers Does Our Gov’t Have?
  • Collect Taxes ($$$)

-money, money, money

  • Provide Services

-Medicare, Welfare, National Defense, etc…

  • Issue Regulations

-laws for you and me to follow for society’s

general welfare

the government continued
The Government -- continued

By taxing, spending and regulating, a

government is able to somewhat alter the

answers to the 3 basic questions.

  • What: Production can be based on govt demand: schools, road
  • How: Government regulations can prevent the production of some goods and/or services
  • Who: By taxing, the govt redistribute these funds to help the old and the poor
the market s role
The Market’s Role
  • NOT THE GROCERY STORE!!!
  • The term given to describe the exchange made between buyers and sellers
    • Banks
    • Stocks
    • Wall St.
the market
The Market

By trading, buying, selling, Loaning and borrowing

money and goods, buyers and sellers are able to

somewhat alter the answers to the 3 basic

questions.

  • What: Production is largely based upon supply and demand: products, stocks, popularity
  • How: Companies aim to produce goods and services in the most efficient way possible
  • Who: Companies mainly target the large middle class.
how the market works efficiently
How the Market Works Efficiently???

Larger Market (more buyers and sellers)

More Division of Labor

More Opportunities to be Efficient

More Opportunities to make a profit

factory activity

Factory Activity

Division of Labor

factory activity1
Factory Activity
  • Today you will work in teams of four
  • You will make Yabba Dabba Dos Books
  • I will show you how to make them:
    • Take a piece of paper, cut it in half
    • Fold it in fours
    • Scarcity = Choices
    • Paper clip it together
    • When I say ‘TIME!’ – STOP, DROP, and PUT your hands on your head!!! Or I will confiscate your books.
    • We will do 4 Rounds
factory directions cont
Factory Directions – cont.
  • I need some Floor Managers
    • Your job is to count the books when the round is done, throw away their paper and give them their paper clips
    • Your job is to make sure they are not cheating
    • You can be picky – nicely folded, no tears, able to read writing
    • If they don’t do a good job, you may subtract books
workers
Workers
  • You receive wages when you are productive
  • Complete as many as you can in the time you have
  • If you complain, you won’t get paid
  • If low production, you won’t get paid
  • If poor production, you won’t get paid
group discussion questions
Group Discussion Questions
  • What did you guys do?
  • What was good about this? What was the drawback?
  • How many people cheated? Why?
  • Did you feel any loyalty to the company?
  • Is what you did good or bad for the company?
wrap up individual
Wrap Up: Individual
  • Describe your contribution to your team.
  • Which round was your team’s most productive? Why?
  • What could your team have done differently to be more efficient?
  • If this was your full time job, would you have any loyalty to the factory? Why or Why not?
  • How could you get promoted at this factory?
slide31
If individuals are motivated by the ‘invisible hand’ (profit), the evolution of the market economy came into being by implementing the following principles!!!
    • Division of labor
    • Specialization
    • Specialized capital
    • Efficiency
    • Allocation of resources
    • Profit
evolution of the market economy
Evolution of the Market Economy
  • Division of Labor (people have specific tasks…think of the assembly line)
  • Leads to Specialization (really good at one or a few products)
  • Wants to become an expert in your good, so you develop specialized capital (good technology/tools)
  • Leads to efficiency
  • Allocate your resources (sell your goods)
  • Leads to PROFIT!!!

=>Look up each of these words for HW!

homework
Homework:
  • Section 2.3: Comparative Advantage (pp. 50-54)
    • Key Terms:
      • Absolute Advantage
      • Law of Comparative Advantage
      • Specialization
      • Barter
      • Money
      • Division of Labor
    • Questions 1-4
  • Read the handout on Specialization and answer questions 1-4 (minimum 1 pg.)
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