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Slavery. Aim: How did the Atlantic Slave trade shape the lives and economies of Africans and Europeans? Warm-up: vocab pg 125 Triangular trade, mutiny, Middle Passage. The triangle trade

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Aim: How did the Atlantic Slave trade shape the lives and economies of Africans and Europeans?

Warm-up: vocab pg 125

Triangular trade, mutiny, Middle Passage


The triangle trade

  • The transportation of Africans to North America and the Caribbean formed one side of what has become known as the triangle trade.

  • Ships would load up with guns, ammunition and manufactured goods in Britain and France, then sail for four months to West Africa where the cargo was exchanged for Africans.

  • Then came the middle passage across the Atlantic, and the sale of the African people in the Caribbean and in North American colonies.

  • Finally, the ships loaded up with the sugar, tobacco and cotton produced in the colonies and sailed back to England and France where the raw produce was refined and re-exported to other countries. - 3k


  • More than 20 million West Africans were captured and shipped across the Atlantic to work on plantations, but it is estimated that only half survived the journey.

  • The Africans were often held in prisons for a long time before the ships came and then had a long journey, known as the middle passage, across the sea to the Caribbean.

  • The Africans were chained together and crammed into holds on board ships and were subject to horrible living conditions, cruelty and torture.

  • Preferring death to slavery, some of the Africans managed to break their chains and dive overboard; others succumbed to disease. Millions of others braved the deplorable journey to face a harsh life on the plantations.


The Slave Trade

  • Existed in Africa before the coming of the Europeans.

  • Portuguese replaced European slaves with Africans.

    • Sugar cane & sugar plantations.

    • First boatload of African slaves brought by the Spanish in 1518.

    • 275,000 enslaved Africans exportedto other countries.

  • Between 16c & 19c, about 10 million Africans shipped to the Americas.


  • Slavery in the Americas

  • Why?

  • Needed labor on plantations

  • Black Africans were thought to be a cheap labor force b/c

  • a. worked in hot climates

  • b. new to the area

  • c. immune to European disease

  • d. experience in farming


  • 400,000 slaves in the Southern colonies

  • 50,000 slaves in the Northern colonies

  • Transported by ship, through the middle passage

  • 20% died on the voyage

  • Slave ships called floating coffins


Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade


Slave Ship

“Middle Passage”


“Coffin” Position Below Deck


African CaptivesThrown Overboard

Sharks followed the slave ships!

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