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Literacy Strategies in Social Studies. Cam Downing South Iredell High School. There’s a bear in a plain brown wrapper doing flip flops around 78 handing out green stamps. The difficulty of your set could be increased if you do a jam followed by a peach. What does this mean?.

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Literacy Strategies in Social Studies

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Literacy Strategies in Social Studies

Cam Downing

South Iredell High School


  • There’s a bear in a plain brown wrapper doing flip flops around 78 handing out green stamps.

  • The difficulty of your set could be increased if you do a jam followed by a peach.

What does this mean?


  • Do I ever say anything in class that’s important enough for students to take notes on?

  • Do I ever assign something to read such as a chapter in the text or a primary source?

  • Do I think writing is an important enough skill that I require my students to engage in it from time to time?

  • Do I teach my students HOW to take notes on the things I say?

  • Do I teach my students HOW to read the things I assign?

  • Do I teach my students HOW to write in Social Studies?

Ask yourself these questions…


Activation of prior/background knowledge

Active engagement in the content

Metacognition

Keys to Comprehension


A Story


Research says:

Research ALSO says:

What ever is in your mind at the moment you encounter something new…

Will be a key determinate of whether you “get” the new idea or not

  • The more Prior Knowledge that exists = more successful learning of new content

Key to Comprehension 1: Prior/Background Knowledge


Keep in mind…Prior knowledge is simply knowledge that exists prior to instruction

Duh – right???

It’s not what we WISH they know prior to instruction

BUT… what they DO know!


So, how can we make the connection from our content to something familiar to our students?


  • Which is the more important word in terms of our content?

  • How could we activate “familiar” prior knowledge that our students may have to help them?

“Civil” “War”


  • What are students doing while they are encountering content?

  • Passive vs. Active Learning

Key to Comprehension 2: Active Engagement


Thinking about Thinking

  • Did I get it?

  • How do I know if I got it?

  • What do I do if I didn’t get it?

  • Hmmmmm…. Sounds familiar, right????

Key to Comprehension #3: Metacognition


  • Be aware of three things when utilizing strategies:

    • 1. What is the strategy meant to do?

    • 2. How does it work? (processes/procedures?)

    • 3. When or why would I use this strategy?

      • If I want my students to ________

      • Then I should use ___________ to accomplish that

HOW ABOUT SOME STRATEGIES???


  • Clock buddies

  • ABC Brainstorm

  • Carousel Brainstorming/Graffiti

  • K-N-L Chart

  • Pattern Puzzles/Guides

Before Reading


  • Compare-Contrast Diagram

  • History Frames

    • Event/story pyramid

  • Inquiry Charts

  • Opinion-Proof

  • Power Thinking

  • Problem/Solution

  • Foldables: 8.5 x 22 paper

During Reading


Found Poems

Poems for Two Voices

RAFT papers

Sum-it-up/Framed Paragraph

Concentric Circle Discussion/Kagan’s Inside-Outside Circle

After Reading


  • http://www.readingquest.org/home.html

  • http://www.readwritethink.org/

  • http://michigan.gov/documents/mde/SSWAC_225020_7.pdf

  • http://literacy.purduecal.edu/STUDENT/ammessme/index.html

Links to Resources


References

  • Fisher, Douglas. 50 Instructional Routines to Develop Content Literacy. Boston: Pearson, 2011. Print.

  • Instructional Strategies: Cooperative Learning, Summarizing. Digital image. Www.ncresa.org. Marzano Research, n.d. Web. <http://www.ncresa.org/docs/PLC_Secondary/Cooperative_Activity.pdf>.

  • Jones, Raymond C. ReadingQuest | Reading Strategies for Social Studies. N.p., 26 Aug. 2012. Web. 08 Dec. 2013. <http://www.readingquest.org/home.html>.

  • "Writing Across the Curriculum Social Studies." Michigan.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. <http://michigan.gov/documents/mde/SSWAC_225020_7.pdf>.

References


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