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Integration and Mainstreaming using CAFOD’s Vulnerability and Inequality Analysis Tool. Georgia Burford HIV Strategy Manager. Understanding vulnerabilities and inequalities . Access to water. Access to water. No access to water. The Vulnerability and Inequality Analysis Tool - Analysis.

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Georgia Burford HIV Strategy Manager

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Georgia burford hiv strategy manager

Integration and Mainstreaming using CAFOD’s Vulnerability and

Inequality

Analysis Tool

Georgia Burford

HIV Strategy Manager


Understanding vulnerabilities and inequalities

Understanding vulnerabilities and inequalities

Access to water

Access to water

No access to water


The vulnerability and inequality analysis tool analysis

The Vulnerability and Inequality Analysis Tool - Analysis

Protection

Are interventions enhancing protection issues or creating new ones?

Participation

Are all community members able to participate?

Analysis

Power

Are plans reinforcing or creating unequal power relations?

Priority Groups

Are we focussing on who we should include?


The vulnerability and inequality analysis tool adjustment

The Vulnerability and Inequality Analysis Tool - Adjustment

Protection

Ensure pumps are well lit and close to households

Participation

Ensure pumps are accessible; no steps, easy to use; address stigma

Adjustment

Power

Ensure women, men of all ages and PLHIV in decision making committees

Priority Groups

Women, girls, PLHIV, elderly, people with disabilities


Mainstreaming and integration

Mainstreaming and Integration

Reduce HIV-related stigma through community education to reduce misconceptions around HIV transmission and improve participation

  • Mainstreaming Approach

  • Integrated Approach

  • Adding a component that requires resources and monitoring

  • Modifying aspects to project to ensure they do no harm and exacerbate vulnerabilities

Reduce vulnerability to physical or sexual violence by improving lighting and security to improve protection


Examples from our programmes cambodia

Examples from our programmes - Cambodia

Context

  • Area vulnerable to flooding thus contamination of water sources

  • Low general epidemic, high amongst key populations

Aim

  • Build community resilience to issues of climate change and low access to WASH in Battambang and Siem Reap

  • Adaptations:

  • Community awareness training on practicing hygiene and sanitation and importance for PLHIV

  • Water filter containers prioritised for most marginalised and vulnerable households

  • Meetings held with men and women to identify gender specific challenges in water access, use, sanitation


Examples from our programmes zimbabwe

Examples from our programmes - Zimbabwe

Context of Hwange District

  • Poor access to safe water

  • High HIV prevalence rate

    Aim

  • Enhance rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene

    Adaptations

  • Community education on WASH included households of PLHIV and affected by HIV

  • New pit latrines locations consider households of PLHIV and affected by HIV

  • Near water pumps, nutritional gardens established for PLHIV


Understanding vulnerabilities and inequalities1

Understanding vulnerabilities and inequalities

Access to water and sanitation

Improved hygiene awareness


Want more

Want more?

  • CAFOD HIV Factsheets

  • STOPAIDS Factsheets

  • For the VIA tool – [email protected]

    “We shall not finally defeat AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, or any other infectious diseases that plague the developing world until we have won the battle for safe drinking water, sanitation and basic health care.”

    - Kofi Annan, former UN Secretary-General


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