Anthropology
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Anthropology. Mayans. Mr. Deane December 20 th 2012. Olmec Zapotec Mixtec Toltec Aztec Maya. Mesoamerica. The earliest known m ajor civilization in Mexico. Existed from roughly 1500 BCE - 400 BCE. Olmec culture. The Maya Civilization 2000 BCE - 1511 CE.

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Anthropology

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Anthropology

Anthropology

Mayans

Mr. Deane

December 20th2012


Mesoamerica

  • Olmec

  • Zapotec

  • Mixtec

  • Toltec

  • Aztec

  • Maya

Mesoamerica


Olmec culture

The earliest known

major civilization in

Mexico

Existed from roughly

1500 BCE - 400 BCE

Olmec culture


The maya civilization 2000 bce 1511 ce

The Maya Civilization2000 BCE - 1511 CE


Mayan timekeeping

  • Tzolk’in – A 260 day calendar used to determine religious and spiritual dates.

  • Haab’ – 365 day calendar made up of 18 months of 20 days each, plus five “Nameless Days” at the end of the year.

  • Calendar Round – A date that gives both the Tzolk’in and Haab’ days. Repeats every 52 years.

Mayan timekeeping


The mesoamerican long count

  • K’in = 1 day

  • 20 K’in = 1 Winal

  • 18 Winals = 1 Tun

  • 20 Tuns = 1 K’atun

  • 20 K’atun = 1 B’ak’tun

    As such, one B’ak’tun corresponds to 144 000 days, or 394.26 of our years.

A linear measure of time from a supposed creation date,

corresponding to August 11th, 3114 BCE.

The Mesoamerican Long Count


So why all this end o f t he world stuff

  • The starting date of 3114 BCE is said to be the start of the fourth world.

  • The PopulVuh, a book of creation myths, tells a story about three different worlds that were created and destroyed before the appearance of humans. The world before ours was destroyed after the 13thB’ak’tun.

  • December 21st, 2012, is the first day of the 14thB’ak’tun since 3114 BCE.

So why all this End Of The World stuff?


However

  • The Mayans did NOT predict an end of the world after the 13thB’ak’tun.

  • In fact, they make several predictions relating to dates after 2012, including the completion of the first piktun, on October 13th4772 CE.

  • The 2012 doomsday phenomenon is an invention of recent times, as nowhere did the Maya ever suggest that this world would end at the same date as the last one.

  • We also know, without a shadow of a doubt, that the world did not begin in 3114 BCE.

However…


But what about the galactic alignment

But what about the galactic alignment?


Some of the proposed doomsday scenarios

  • “Galactic synchronization beam”

  • There is no such thing.

  • “Galactic alignment”

  • Such an alignment would involve an alignment with a completely arbitrary line.

  • It would also take several years to pass through such a point, and could not be pinpointed to a single date.

  • “Gravitational Alignment”

  • Misunderstood concept

  • “Planet X”

  • Doesn’t exist.

Some of the proposed “Doomsday” scenarios.


In conclusion

  • The Maya were avid astronomers, timekeepers, mathematicians, and one of the few cultures to independently develop a system of writing.

  • They made no apocalyptic predictions regarding 2012, and, in fact, often discussed later dates.

  • The conclusion of the 13thB’ak’tun would have been a big party, not the end of the world.

  • Also, they did, ultimately, fail to predict the collapse of their own empire…

In Conclusion…


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