CHAPTER 4: CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION. I. Growth of Slavery. Industrial Revolution Mid 1700s to early 1800s North – Factories South – Cotton gin ( eli whitney ). What did not Northerners think about abolishing slavery?. II. The cause of tensions. A. Who had gov’t power 1. Sectionalism
CHAPTER 4: CIVIL WAR AND RECONSTRUCTION
What did not Northerners think about abolishing slavery?
A. Who had gov’t power
B. What was economic basis
1. Farming or factories?
Admits California as a free state
Upholds popular sovereignty in New Mexico and Utah
Settles Texas/New Mexico border dispute
Bans slave trade in Washington, D.C.
Includes Fugitive Slave Act
Compromise of 1850
Northerners now feel a part of the slave system.
Doesn’t sit well with many
1. Lincoln elected 1860
2. Economics of cotton
a. worldwide demand
b. impact of “take care of your own first”?
1. first state to secede
2. Fort Sumter: Charleston
3. Union holds fort
4. Confederates bombard (4/12-4/14, 1861)
South Seceeds and the Civil War Begins
SECTIONS 2 & 3
The Civil War
“If I could save the Union without freeing any slave, I would do it; and if I could save it by freeing all the slaves, I would do it; and if I could do it by freeing some and leaving others alone, I would also do that.”
—Abraham Lincoln, August 22, 1862,
quoted in Carl Sandburg, Abraham Lincoln
From this, what is Lincoln’s obvious goal for the Civil War?
A. South invades North
A. Issued Sept. 1862: Rejoin w/ no penalty
B. Effective Jan. 1, ‘63: CSA slaves free
C. Politically driven
D. Effects (2):
1. “All I do is win, win, win”
E. Promoted 2 top general
Southern states must:
Ratify (approve) 13th, 14th,15th Amendments
No former CSA officials ever allowed to vote or hold office again.
1. voting back to CSA officials
2. Could hold office again
3. return of old leaders
4. Dems regain control