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Urbanization & the population question. Source: Marshall, J. 2005. Urbanization & the population question. Ink shed (5 mins): If the ecological footprint of average North American is 9.5 hectares, how much space in square kilometers would we need for every person to consume the same?

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Urbanization the population question
Urbanization & the population question

Source: Marshall, J. 2005


Urbanization the population question1
Urbanization & the population question

  • Ink shed (5 mins): If the ecological footprint of average North American is 9.5 hectares, how much space in square kilometers would we need for every person to consume the same?

    • Earth’s total population = 6,500,000,000

    • 1 hectare = 0.01 km²

    • Total surface area of Earth: 510,065,600 km²

    • ((9.5*6,500,000,000)*0.01) = 617,500,000 km²

    • 617,500,000 km² / 510,065,600 km² = 1.2 Earths!!


Urbanization the population question2
Urbanization & the population question

  • Ecological footprint: measures the amount of renewable and non-renewable ecologically productive land area required to support the resource demands and absorb the wastes of a given population or specific activities.

http://www.footprintnetwork.org/gfn_sub.php?content=footprint_overview

http://www.adbusters.org/metas/eco/truecosteconomics/footprint.html


Urbanization the population question3
Urbanization & the population question

www.uwec.edu/geography/Ivogeler/w111/boat.htm


Outline
Outline

  • Global patterns of urbanization

  • Differences in urbanization between MDCs and LDCs

  • Urbanization and the population question

  • Urban service provision and urban economies in LDC cities


Urban service provision
Urban service provision

  • In the MDCs about 6 percent of the urban population live in slum conditions

  • In the LDCs about 80 percent of the urban population live in slums (barrios, favelas, ‘spontaneous settlements’).

  • Often located on undesirable, or dangerous sites: steep slopes, beside garbage dumps, or along roads and railway lines.


Different models india mumbai
Different Models: India (Mumbai)

  • 2001 Census showed 37% of urban households in India lived in one room

  • In Mumbai it was 65%, with an average of 5 persons/household

  • Only half the dwellings have running water and 26% have no toilet (53% in Mumbai)

  • 23% of the urban population lives in squatter settlements and hovels – in Mumbai probably 8 of 12 million inhabitants live in these conditions


Different Models

Hong Kong

‘Boat People’


Different Models

Brazil

Favela seen from Copacabana Beach, Rio



Different Models

Africa

Kibera, Nairobi

700,000 people)








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