Patterns of Planner Involvement
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Patterns of Planner Involvement. In ELULU Decisions. Sanda Kaufman & Janet Smith. Levin College of Urban Affairs. Cleveland State University. What's in a name?. Ten ELULU cases. Where are the planners?. ACSP Conference, Phoenix, 1994. ELULU change What are ELULUs?.

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Patterns of Planner Involvement

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Patterns of planner involvement

Patterns of Planner Involvement

In ELULU Decisions

Sanda Kaufman & Janet Smith

Levin College of Urban Affairs

Cleveland State University

What's in a name?

Ten ELULU cases

Where are the planners?

ACSP Conference, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change what are elulus

ELULU changeWhat are ELULUs?

ELULUs are Existing, Locally Unwanted Land Uses.

ELULU change

  • facility expansion

  • land use change

Consequences of change

economic

functional

social

environmental

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change can planners help

ELULU changeCan planners help?

Research Questions

  • What are the characteristics and needs of

    the ELULU change process?

  • What is the match between

    l current planner roles and

    l ELULU process needs?

    Approach

  • Case studies analysis with decision making focus

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change examples

ELULU ChangeExamples

Land Use Change

Type

Perceived Consequences

expansion

Douglas County, CO

functional & environmental

increase size of

sand & gravel pit

change &

Chicago, IL

functional, economic & social

expansion

relocate historic market

to build univ. facilities

Plymouth County, MA

change

functional & economic

transform jail grounds

into college campus

change

Fairfax City, VA

functional & economic

remove trailer park

to build WalMart

change

functional & social

Millbrae, CA

raze low-cost housing

to build BART parking deck

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change facility expansion cases in northeast ohio

ELULU changeFacility expansion cases in Northeast Ohio

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change change in use cases in northeast ohio

ELULU changeChange in use cases in Northeast Ohio

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change drawbacks of current practices

ELULU changeDrawbacks of current practices

  • Some neglected issues/stakeholders/interests:

  • sustainability

  • future generations

  • regional concerns

  • long-range consequecnes

  • Effects of initial framing of issues & facts:

  • adversarial conflict process

  • reduced outcomes space

  • Decision makers mostly reactive, not goal-driven:

  • politicians

  • regulators

  • developers

  • community reps

  • Unintended, far-reaching by-products:

  • enacting legislation in response to 1 case

  • instituting adversarial traditions

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change planner roles

ELULU ChangePLANNER ROLES

Constituency

Tasks

Process

Role

Decision

Data

Information

Advisory

Technician

maker

analysis

processing

&

recommendations

Issues

Equity

Disadvantaged

Political

Policy

Solutions

group

making

Planner

Persuasion

Advocacy

Political

As interpreted

pressure

Stakeholder

As chosen

As chosen

As chosen

Intervenor

identification

Process design

Information

flow

limits: mandate, tradition, political climate, resources,

Within

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994

personality, organizational position, experience


Elulu change planner tasks

ELULU changePlanner tasks

Technician

Equity

Intervenor

Drawbacks

Needs

No

No

Represent

Maybe

Educate

Yes

No

Maybe

Yes

Process

Maybe

Maybe

No

Yes

Monitor

No

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


Elulu change team approach

ELULU changeTeam approach

ELULU change needs planning help

ELULU concerns are:

diverse

at odds

represent

interests

educate

(equity)

(intervenor)

TEAM

inform

(technician)

S. Kaufman & J. Smith, ACSP, Phoenix, 1994


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