Figurative language
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Figurative Language. Similes, Metaphors, Hyperbole, Personification, Onomatopoeia, Idiom, Alliteration. You will need to: understand, identify, and use figurative language in your writing. Figurative Language. A writer ’ s tool

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Figurative Language

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Figurative Language

Similes, Metaphors,

Hyperbole,

Personification, Onomatopoeia, Idiom, Alliteration


You will need to:

understand, identify, anduse

figurative language in your writing.


Figurative Language

  • A writer’s tool

  • It helps the reader to visualize (see) what the writer is thinking.

  • It puts a picture in the reader’s mind.

“In a pickle”


Figurative vs. Literal

To understand

figurative language

one has to understand the difference between

figurative

and literal


To be literal is to mean what you say.

For example:

My meaning is exactly what I say.

If I tell you to sit down

I mean it literally: “sit down,” as in: “sit in your seat now, please.”


Here’s another example.

I’m tired and going home.

I mean exactly what I say.

This means “I’m tired and I’m going

home” there is no other meaning

other than what is said.


To be figurative is to not mean what you say but imply something else.

I’m not suggesting we get into the freezer.

For example:

If I tell you: “Let’s go chill!”


“let’s go chill” …

It has nothing

to do with temperature.

…means let’s relax together and do something fun.


Figurative vs. Literal

Confused?

Think of it this way:

Literal as real

Figurative as imaginary


Simile

A simile is a figurative language

technique where a comparison

is made using like or as.

Examples of similes:

  • She is like a rainy day.

  • He is as busy as a bee.

  • They are like two peas in a pod.


From the movie Shrek

From the movie Shrek


Geico Commercial


Metaphor

A poeticcomparison that does notuse the words like or as.

Examples of metaphors:

She is a graceful swan.

He is a golden god.

They are honey from the honeycomb.


Brian was a wall, bouncing every tennis ball back over the net.

This metaphor compares Brian to a wall because __________.

a. He was very strong.b. He was very tall.c. He kept returning the balls.d. His body was made of cells.


The poor rat didn’t have a chance. Our old cat, a bolt of lightning, caught his prey.

The cat was compared to a bolt of lightning because he was _______.

a. very fastb. very bright

c. not fond of fleasd. very old


Hyperbole

  • Is when one exaggerates.

  • We use hyperbole all the time when we want to impress or stress.


Hyperbole

Hyperbole example:

I told you a million times.

I don’t mind repeating myself, but a million times? That’s a lot.


Hyperbole

Hyperbole example:

  • I ate a thousand pounds of pasta.

    A thousand pounds is also known as half a ton. This person must be really obese.


Hyperbole

Hyperbole example:

  • We have a ton of work.

    A ton is a lot of work. A ton is also 2000 pounds.


Personification

Personification is a figurative language technique in which human characteristics are given to nonhuman things.


Personification

Example of personification:

The leaves danced in the wind.

The heat ripped the breath from her lungs.


Personification

Examples of Personification:

Hunger sat shivering on the road .

Flowers danced about the lawn.


Personification

Examples:

  • The sleeping water reflected the evening sky.

  • Humidity breathed in the girl's face and ran its greasy fingers through her hair.

  • When I fell into the river, the icy waters reached around me.


Onomatopoeia

  • the formation of a word from a sound associated with what is named (e.g., cuckoo, sizzle ).


Idioms

  • Idioms are phrases which people use in everyday language which do not make sense literally, but we understand what they mean.


Food for thoughtThese idioms are all about food. Can you explain what they really mean?

  • Selling like hot cakes

  • Going bananas


Alliteration

  • Probably the easiest of all the figurative language techniques.

  • series of words in a row (or close to a row) have the same first consonant sound

  • Peter Piper picked a peck of pickle peppers


Katy Perry’s Roar has several examples of figurative language

With your partner, using the lyrics sheet you have in front of you,

highlight & label the figurative language.

When you finish finding AT LEAST 5, use those 5 in a narrative paragraph.

Your paragraph should be AT LEAST 10 sentences.

You can pick any topic.

If you finish today, turn it in.

If you don’t finish today in class, it’s home-fun (woo-hoo).


Resources:

  • http://www.readwritethink.org

  • http://www.teacherspayteachers.com

  • http://languagearts.mrdonn.org/figurative2.html

  • http://alex.state.al.us/uploads/11327/figurative%20language2.ppt

  • http://www.pinterest.com/reallyrachel/figurative-language/

  • http://www.ereadingworksheets.com/figurative-language


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