Chapter 10 l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 25

Chapter 10 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 256 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Chapter 10. A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe. 6th to 10th centuries Fragmentation prevails Catholic church strong Iberia Arab Muslims Core: France, Low Countries, Germany Later, England Scandinavian Vikings Raids from 8th to 10th centuries Literacy declines

Download Presentation

Chapter 10

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Chapter 10 l.jpg

Chapter 10

A New Civilization Emerges in Western Europe


I stages of postclassical development l.jpg

6th to 10th centuries

Fragmentation prevails

Catholic church strong

Iberia

Arab Muslims

Core: France, Low Countries, Germany

Later, England

Scandinavian Vikings

Raids from 8th to 10th centuries

Literacy declines

except among churchmen

I. Stages of Postclassical Development


Slide4 l.jpg

(Video)


Slide5 l.jpg

Europe, ca. 750 CE


I stages of postclassical development6 l.jpg

A. The Manorial System: Obligations and Allegiances

Local, personal political organization

Manorialism

Agricultural economy

Reciprocal obligations

In-kind labor for produce

Serfdom

800s

Agricultural innovation

Moldboard

Crop rotation

I. Stages of Postclassical Development


I stages of postclassical development7 l.jpg

B. The Church: Political and Spiritual Power

Popes follow Roman organization

Appoint bishops

Sponsor missionaries

Monasticism

Benedict of Nursia

Benedictine rule

Spiritual functions

Holiness

Network

Pilgrimage centers

Secular functions

Education

Large estates

Shelter travelers

Universities, from 13th century

I. Stages of Postclassical Development


Slide8 l.jpg

Spread of

Christianity

In Western

Europe


I stages of postclassical development9 l.jpg

C. Charlemagne and His Successors

Frankish Carolingian dynasty

Charles Martel

732, Tours

Charles the Great (Charlemagne)

800, crowned emperor

Copied Roman central administration

814, death

Empire fragments

843, Treaty of Verdun

Three kingdoms

Holy Roman emperors

Ruling Germany, Italy

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

Charlemagne’s Empire and Successor States


Slide10 l.jpg

Charlemagne’s Empire and Successor States


Slide11 l.jpg

Carolingian Empire


I stages of postclassical development12 l.jpg

D. New Economic and Urban Vigor

Agricultural improvements

Increased production

Surplus, wealth, population growth

Towns grow

Literacy expands

Education

Cathedral schools, from 11th century

Universities, from 13th century

I. Stages of Postclassical Development


I stages of postclassical development13 l.jpg

E. Feudal Monarchies and Political Advances

Personal relationship

Military service for land

Some lords emerge more powerful

e.g. Capetian kings of France

Develop bureaucracies, states

William the Conqueror

1066, Norman conquest of England

Centralized government

Sheriffs, courts

I. Stages of Postclassical Development


I stages of postclassical development14 l.jpg

F. Limited Government

Political fragmentation continues

Monarchs limited by church, nobles, towns

1215, Magna Carta

King John recognizes supremacy of written laws

Representative bodies

Catalonia, from 1000

England, from 1265

Monarchs continue to increase in power

Large conflicts

e.g. Hundred Years War

I. Stages of Postclassical Development


I stages of postclassical development15 l.jpg

G. The West's Expansionist Impulse

Germanic knights

From 11th century, into eastern Germany, Poland

Iberia

Northern Christian states begin reconquista

Vikings

Cross Atlantic

Crusades

Called by Urban II, 1095

Initial success

New contact with Islam

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

Western Europe towards the End of the Middle Ages


Slide16 l.jpg

Christian Reconquest

Of Spain


Slide17 l.jpg

The Crusades


Slide18 l.jpg

The Major Crusades


I stages of postclassical development19 l.jpg

H. Religious Reform and Evolution

Gregorian reform, 11th century

Based in monasteries

Gregory VII

Separation of secular and religious spheres

Mendicants, 13th century

St. France, St. Clare, St. Dominic

I. The High Middle Ages

I. Stages of Postclassical Development

Western Europe towards the End of the Middle Ages


Ii western culture in the postclassical era l.jpg

A. Theology: Assimilating Faith and Reason

Exploration of Greek philosophy

Peter Abelard, 12th century

Rational examination of doctrine

Bernard of Clairvaux

Opposed to Abelard's approach

Mysticism

Debate in universities

Thomas Aquinas

Summas

Faith primary, reason leads to understanding

Scholasticism

II. Western Culture in the Postclassical Era


Ii western culture in the postclassical era21 l.jpg

B. Popular Religion

Survival of pagan practice

C. Religious Themes in Art and Literature

Romanesque architecture

Especially monastic buildings

Gothic

From 11th century

12th century

Vernacular, secular literature

e.g. Song of Roland

Geoffrey Chaucer, Canterbury Tales

Troubadours

II. Western Culture in the Postclassical Era


Iii changing economic and social forms in the postclassical centuries l.jpg

A. New Strains in Rural Life

Peasants v. landlords

Peasants slowly gain

B. Growth of Trade and Banking

Commerce expands

Mediterranean zone joined with North Sea, Baltic

Money replaces barter

Banking, insurance merge

Hanseatic League

Northern Germany, southern Scandinavia

Merchants relatively free

But relatively low status

Guilds

Craft associations

Protect markets

Ensure standards

Social role

III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries


Iii changing economic and social forms in the postclassical centuries23 l.jpg

C. Limited Sphere for Women

Women generally lose ground

Some opportunities as nuns

III. Changing Economic and Social Forms in the Postclassical Centuries


Iv the decline of the medieval synthesis l.jpg

Widespread warfare from 1300 to 1500

Hundred Years War

Weakens feudal order

Population outstrips agriculture

Famines

Bubonic Plague (Black Death)

from 1348

A. Signs of Strain

Aristocracy lose military purpose

Foot soldiers more important

Increasingly decorative

Church increasingly rigid

B. The Postclassical West and Its Heritage

Formative period

Dynamic change

IV. The Decline of the Medieval Synthesis

Western Europe towards the End of the Middle Ages


Slide25 l.jpg

Spread of the Black Death


  • Login