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Where is the CIM? Dr.-Ing. Mathias Uslar, OFFIS. Projects and Scope in Germany and D-A-Ch. Idea of the DKE Expertise Centre E-Energy – Interface between R&D projects and standardization. Ideas Experts. Standard- ization Committees New Standard- ization Products. E-Energy Projects.

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Where is the cim dr ing mathias uslar offis

Where is the CIM?

Dr.-Ing. Mathias Uslar, OFFIS

Projects and Scope in Germany and D-A-Ch

Idea of the dke expertise centre e energy interface between r d projects and standardization
Idea of the DKE Expertise Centre E-Energy – Interface between R&D projects and standardization












Expertise Centre

European Standardization






International Standardization


Information:e. g. Work in Progress

Motivation for the german standardization roadmap
Motivation for the German Standardization Roadmap

  • Support of the vision „Smart Grid“ during realization

    • The importance of standardization is emphasized in all discussion about Smart Grid  Chapter 3.4 – Benefits of Smart Grids and their standardization

  • A lot of standardization activities are starting

    • Standardization roadmap as basis for a German position in national and international standardization

    • Providing the knowledge from R&D projects like the German E-Energy-Projects in standardization

  • Intersectoral topic with a lot of stakeholders and interfaces

    • Collecting and summarizing various national activities

  • Information about existing standards and current activities – „Not reinventing the wheel again and again“

Motivation for a Smart Grid on the basis of the energy management triangle – politicalobjectives and technical implementation

Political Objectives

Distributed and renewable energies

Limitation of network expansion

Technology / Implementation

Limitingclimate change


Replacement offossil fuels

Energy efficiency

Energy efficiency

Energy costs





Flexibilization of load


Distributed and renewable energies

Growth in consumption

Energy autonomy

Security of supply

Energy efficiency


Distribution and Renewable Energy Resources

Avoidance of gridbottlenecks


Definition of smart grid one example of the dke committee smart grid
Definition of „Smart Grid“ – management triangle – politicalOne example of the DKE-Committee SMART.GRID

The term „Smart Grid“ (an intelligent energy supply system) comprises

  • networking and control of intelligent generators, storage facilities, loads and network operating equipment

  • in power transmission and distribution networks

  • with the aid of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT).

  • The objective is to ensure sustainable and environmentally sound power supply by means of transparent, energy- and cost-efficient, safe and reliable system operation.

Smart grid intelligent energy supply
Smart Grid – Intelligent Energy Supply management triangle – political

SmartDistribution and Transmission



Communication between system components



Interdisciplinary technologies:Data collection, processing and recombination


Grid Operation

A lot of further definitions about the term smart grid
A lot of further definitions about the term management triangle – political„Smart Grid“

  • IEC

  • European Technology Platform ETP Smart Grids

  • ERGEG – European Regulators

  • BDEW - German Association of Energy and Water Industries

  • NIST National Institute for Standards and Technology

What is a smart grid l ike blinded men with an elephant
What is a management triangle – politicalSmart Grid? Like blinded men with an elephant.

Various perspectives on a Smart Grid

Quelle: E-Energy Jahreskongress 2009,

Prof. Gunter Dueck

Explanations regarding market role and use cases
Explanations regarding management triangle – politicalMarket role and Use Cases







Further Actors






e.g. bundle roleprosumer being bothstorage and systemservicesprovider







Business Case / Product

Grid Load Balancing

Bundle role

Benefits of smart grids and their standardization overview and some examples
Benefits of Smart Grids and their standardization– Overview and some examples

  • Benefits for the state and the economy – general description

    • Environmental policy advantages

      • Climate protection

      • Energy efficiency

    • Economic policy advantages

      • Sustainable and economic ensurance of energy supplies/ Protection of investments

      • Securing and increasing the expertise of manufacturers

    • Standardization policy advantages

      • Reduction of market barriers

      • Interoperability / lower implementation costs / management of complexity

      • Support of market penetration of innovations– confidence of users

      • Securing knowledge from R&D projects

  • Benefits for the energy customers

    • Smart Grid

      • Active participations of consumers in the energy market

    • Standardization

      • Information security / Privacy

      • Interoperability

  • Benefits for the distribution system operators

    • Smart Grid

      • Optimization of distribution system planning - „Bytes statt Bagger - Bytes instead of excavators “

    • Standardization

      • Interoperability connecting a lot of sensors and actuators for an active distribution system

  • Benefits for the transmission system operators

  • Benefits for the German manufacturers

  • Benefits for the research community

  • National and international studies considered for the roadmap
    National and international studies considered for the roadmap

    • Basis for the Roadmap and the comparison of various studies on Smart Grid standardization

      • Uslar, et al.: „Investigations on the standardization environment of the R&D Project „ E-Energy - ICT-based energy system of the future” - Untersuchung des Normungsumfeldes zum BMWi-Förderschwerpunkt E-Energy – IKT-basiertes Energiesystem der Zukunft”, Study for the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology 2009, www.E-Energy.de

    • Further studies and publications

      • International / European studies

        • IEC/Technical Committee (TC) 57

        • IEC/SMB Strategy Group 3 (SG3) „Smart Grid“ - Roadmap

        • CEN / CENELEC / ETSI Smart Meters Co-ordination Group zum EU-Mandat M/441

        • CIGRE D2.24

        • UCAiug - Open Smart Grid Subcommittee

      • Studies in Germany

        • „BDI initiativ“ - Internet for Energy

        • Identification of future fields of standardization 2009 – Basic study by DIN Deutsches Institut für Normung e.V.

        • ZVEI - Automation 2020+ Energy integrated technology roadmap

      • National Studies / Activities

        • NIST Framework and Roadmap for Smart Grid Interoperability Standards

        • IEEE P2030

        • FutuRed – Spanish Electrical Grid Platform

        • Smart Grids-Roadmap Österreich

        • Electricity Networks Strategy Group (UK) - A Smart Grid Routemap

        • Japan’s roadmap to international standardisation for Smart Grid and collaborations with other countries

    Integration into the international standardization
    Integration into the roadmap International Standardization

    System operators /suppliers

    IEC Council








    Technical Committees e.g. TC 57

    Authorities (GOs)

    International Standardization

    Other organizations(NGOs)

    European standardization

    System operators /suppliers



    AK 15


    AK 10

    Technical Committeee.g. DKE K 952

    AK 19

    Authorities (GOs)

    Other organizations(NGOs)

    National Standardization

    The iec tr 62357 seamless integration reference architecture sia

    Application To Application (A2A) and Business To Business (B2B) Communication

    Energy Market Participants

    Utility Costumers

    Utility Service Provider

    Other Businesses

    Inter-System / Application Profiles (CIM XML, CIM RDF)

    Application Interfaces

    Bridges to other Domains

    CIM Extensions

    61970 / 61968 Common Information Model (CIM)

    Technology mappings

    61970 Component Interface Specification (CIS) / 61968 SIDMS

    SCADA Apps

    EMS Apps

    DMS Apps

    Market Operation Apps

    Engineering & Maintenance Apps

    External IT Apps

    Network, System and Data Management (62351-7

    Specific Object Mappings

    End-to-end Security Standards and Recommendations (62351 1-6)

    Data Acquisition and Control Front-End / Gateway / Proxy Server / Mapping Services / Role-bases Access Control

    60870-6-802 Object Models

    TC13 WG14 Meter Standards

    61850-7-3, 7-4 Object Models

    Field Object Models

    60870-5 101 & 104

    Existing Objects Models 61850-6 Engineering

    60870-6-503 App Services

    61850-7-2 ACSI

    Specific Communication Service Mappings

    61850-8-1 Mapping to MMS

    Mapping to Web Services

    60870-6-703 Protocols

    61334 DLMS

    Communication Industry Standard Protocol Stacks (ISO/TCP/IP/Ethernet)

    Protocol Profiles

    Telecontrol Communications Media and Services

    WAN Communications Media and Services

    TC13 WG14

    60870-5 RTUs or Substation Systems

    61850 Substation Devices

    61850 Devices beyond the Substation

    Field Devices and Systems using Web Services

    Field Devices

    60870-6 TASE.2

    Revenue Meters

    IEDs, Relays, Meters, Switchgear, CTs, VTs

    DERs, Meters

    Other Control Centres

    The IEC TR 62357 Seamless Integration Reference Architecture (SIA)

    Reference architecture of the SM-CG and cooperation by the relevant European standardization organizations

    Electricity Meter(mains powered)

    Local display and home automation

    non-electric meters(battery powered)



    Smart Meter (M2M)Gateway

    M2M area in private networks

    „Smart Meter“ Area


    Central communication system

    M/441 standardization area

    WAN area in public networks

    TechnicalUse Cases (EDM, SmartGrid, DSM, ...)

    CommercialUse Cases (Billing,Tarification, Prepayment, ...)

    Other areas impacted

    Comparison of various studies on smart grid standardization
    Comparison of various studies relevant European standardization organizationson Smart Grid standardization



    A lot is available recognized core standards for the smart grid
    A lot is available – relevant European standardization organizationsRecognized Core Standards for the Smart Grid

    • IEC 62357: Seamless Integration Reference Architecture

    • IEC 60870: Transport protocols

    • IEC 61970/61968: Common Information Model CIM

    • IEC 62325: Market Communications using CIM

    • IEC 61850, 61850-7-4XX: SAS, Communications, DER

    • IEC 61400: Communications for monitoring and control of wind power plants

    • IEC 62351: Security for Smart Grid

    • IEC 61334: DLMS

    • IEC 62056: COSEM

    • EN 50090 (KNX) (ISO/IEC JTC1 SC25 - ISO/IEC 14543-3, CEN/TC 247 (BACS/HLK) - EN 13321 -1 und -2)ZigBee

    • EN 50523 (Home Appliances)



    Integration of DER

    IT Security

    Smart Metering

    Inhouse Automation

    Recommendations overview
    Recommendations relevant European standardization organizations - Overview

    • Cross-cutting topics

      • General recommendations (13)

      • Regulatory and legislative recommendations (3)

      • Recommendations on Information Security, Privacyand Data Protection (4)

      • Recommendations of the area of Communications (4)

      • Recommendations of the areas of Architectures, Communicationsand Power System Management Processes (4)

    • Domain-specific areas

      • Recommendations for the area of Active Distribution Systems (2)

      • Recommendations for the area of Smart Meters (5)

      • Recommendations for the area of Distributed Generation (3)

      • Recommendations of the area of Electro mobility (3)

      • Recommendations for the area of Storage (3)

      • Recommendations for the area of Load Management / Demand Response (2)

      • Recommendations for the area of Building and In-house Automation (6)

    Recommendations samples i
    Recommendations – Samples (I) relevant European standardization organizations

    • Great importance of standards for the realization of Smart Grids

      • Coordinating task for the DKE Expertise Centre for E-Energy on national level

    • International Standards as Basis

      • Modular approach for standards – first generic and later specific on national or regional level in case

      • Experts should participate also in the international standardization

      • Link to the work of IEC/TC 57 Framework

    • Information security, data protection (privacy), critical infrastructure and product / system safety – Precondition for user confidence

    • Interoperability, data models and semantics  Interoperability tests

    • Support for the market launch (of standards and Smart Grid)

      • Training of specialist

      • Information of the public

    • Recommendations on regulatory and legislative changes– Market communication, bandwidth, framework conditions for variable tariffs

    Recommendations samples ii
    Recommendations – Samples (II) relevant European standardization organizations

    • Securing knowledge from R&D projects on Smart Grids

    • Use Cases – Basis for architecture, interfaces and standards

    • CIM IEC 61970 and IEC 61850

      • Consolidation

      • Use of the framework also for non-electrical media

      • Further developments of the models, especially regarding DER (IEC 61850-7-420)

    • Distribution system automation – distributed automation on lower voltage levels

    • Smart Meter

      • Standardization profiles of VDE|FNN to be used and und further enhanced with new developments (Mandate M/441, information security)

      • Intersectoral cooperation

      • Cooperation of TC 57 and TC 13 on international level

    Recommendations samples iii
    Recommendations – Samples (III) relevant European standardization organizations

    • Electro mobility

      • Convergence of sectors – further cooperation needed

    • Building and home automation (Inhouse automation)

      • Use also in existing buildings and of existing devices as far as possible

      • New functions for the energy management

      • Motivation to use demand or generation management: e.g. new tariffs

      • Cooperation with other domains and media (AAL, security / heat, gas)

    • Phase 2

      • Transmission system

      • Convergence of transport, IKT, Multi-Utility

    Executive summary
    Executive Summary relevant European standardization organizations

    • Use and marketing of existing standards Many of the necessary standards already exist. There are internationally recognized standards in the fields of power, industrial and building automation. These will have to be used and promotef accordingly.

    • Coordination and focusThe Smart Grid is characterised by a large number of players and disciplines. Inter-domain cooperation and coordination by the establishment of a steering group and groups dealing with focal and interdisciplinary topics are necessary if duplication of effort is to be avoided.

    • Further development of standards The fundamental need for action consists in linking the established domains.

    • Support for innovationIn order to promote innovation, standardization should focus on interoperability and avoid specification of technical solutions.

    • Speed / International orientation There is at present competition between different national and regional standardization concepts. Rapid implementation of the results achieved in Germany (Europe) in standards is therefore essential.

    • Involvement in standardization Increased participation in standardization activities on national, regional and international levels is necessary for achievement of the objectives. German companies should therefore make greater contributions to German, European and international standardization.

    • Political support Close dovetailing cooperation of research and development, regulation and the legal framework with standardization is necessary.