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Sentence . What is a sentence ?. Sentence . Sentence is a group of related words which has subject , verb , object and complete meaning is called a sentence . Ex: I read a book every day . . How many kinds of sentences do we have ?. We have the following sentences in English language .

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sentence

Sentence

What is a sentence ?

sentence1

Sentence

Sentence is a group of related words which has subject , verb , object and complete meaning is called a sentence .

Ex: I read a book every day .

how many kinds of sentences do we have

How many kinds of sentences do we have ?

We have the following sentences in English language .

1. According to Meaning 2. According to Structure

1 sentence according meaning

1. Sentence according meaning

According the meaning of sentence we have the following five types sentences .

kinds of sentences according to meaning

Kinds of sentences according to meaning

Declarative Sentences

Imperative Sentences

Interrogative Sentences

Exclamatory Sentences

Optative Sentences

1 declarative sentences

1. Declarative Sentences

Are those sentences which declare a purpose .

Or are those sentences which show an idea .

declarative sentences

Declarative Sentences

Declarative Sentences are divided into two sorts .

Affirmative Sentences

Negatives Sentences

1 affirmative declarative sentences

1. Affirmative Declarative Sentences

Are those sentences which show agreement or show positive response .

1 affirmative declarative sentences1

1. Affirmative Declarative Sentences

Ex: She has a house in USA .

Ex: I walk to university

Ex: They help us .

Ex: Ali is a teacher .

Ex: We want to buy a building .

Ex: He teaches English .

1 negative declarative sentences

1. Negative Declarative Sentences

Are those sentences which show disagreement or show negative response .

1 negative declarative sentences1

1. Negative Declarative Sentences

Ex: We don’t go to USA .

Ex: She doesn’t teach Urdu .

Ex: I don’t like his bicycle .

Ex: They don’t come here today .

Ex: He doesn’t blame me .

Ex: I didn’t call Ali .

2 imperative sentences

2. Imperative Sentences

Are those sentences which show advice , command , request and prohibition .

2 imperative sentences showing advice

2. Imperative Sentences showing Advice

Ex: Take this tablet 3 times a day for 5days .

Ex: Relax at home for 3 days

Ex: Exercise as many times as you can.

Ex: Drive carefully on the high way .

Ex: Perform the prayer on time .

Ex: Come to class on time to study .

2 imperative sentences showing command

2. Imperative Sentences showing Command

Arrest them now .

Get out .

Rise your hand .

Open your hand .

Kill him .

Clean my room and now .

2 imperative sentences showing prohibition

2. Imperative Sentences showing Prohibition

Don’t call me any more .

Don’t swim here .

Don’t come to my house again.

Don’t shoot that man now .

Don’t turn left turn right .

Don’t your park your car here .

2 imperative sentences showing request

2. Imperative Sentences showing Request

Please take my hand .

Please give me your mobile .

Please help me .

Please break this stone .

Please open your eyes .

Pleas return my car on Sunday .

interrogative sentences

Interrogative Sentences

Are those sentences which ask questions .

kinds of interrogative sentences

Kinds of Interrogative sentences

There are five kinds of interrogative sentences

Yes /no questions

WH questions

Intonation questions

Tag questions

Included question in questions

1 yes no questions

1 Yes / No questions

Are those questions which need a short answer

Or

Yes / No questions are those questions which can be either by yes or No .

yes no questions

Yes / No questions

Ex: Can you arrest him today ?

Do you know that boy ?

Will she call you ?

Would you like to sit here ?

Should I call my brother ?

Did we cook rice last night ?

2 wh questions

2 WH questions

Are those questions which can not be answered by yes or no .

Or

WH questions are those questions which need complete information .

wh questions ask the about the followings

WH questions ask the about the followings

Who Person

Who can speak English with me ?

What  Thing

What do you have in your pocket ?

3. Where  Place

Where does she come from ?

wh questions ask the about the followings1

WH questions ask the about the followings

4. Why  Reason and purpose

Why did she go to hospital ?

5. How  Situation or means of transportation .

How is your son  Situation

How do you to USA ?

wh questions ask the about the followings2

WH questions ask the about the followings

When  Time

When will we see Ahmad ?

Whose  Ownership

Whose son do you teach ?

Which  Thing of specific type

Which car do you use ?

3 intonation questions

3 Intonation Questions

Are those questions in which we express surprise by rising and lowering the sound .

or

These sentences are sentences in fact ,but are pronounced , read or said as question .

intonation questions

Intonation Questions

She can pass the test ?

I got less score than you ?

Your brother died ?

My son came to Kabul?

She will come back ?

4 tag question

4 Tag Question

The word tag means the top of shoelace .

Tag is name of game for children .

But here , it means short .

tag question

Tag Question

It is called a short question .

Preceded by a comma (,) and followed by a questions mark (?).

If the first sentence is positive , tag should be negative .

It if tag is negative , the first sentence should be positive .

now positive sentences are used first

Now positive sentences are used first .

She is a girl , isn\'t she ?

We are boys , aren\'t we ?

They are teachers aren\'t they ?

She works , doesn’t she ?

He cleans the floor , doesn’t he ?

I work at home don’t I ?

They like it , don’t they ?

now negative sentences are used first

Now negative sentences are used first

She doesn’t work , does she ?

I don’t sleep , do I ?

He can`t swim , can he ?

The shouldn’t come , should they ?

We don’t kill him , do we ?

She won`t bring my pen , will she ?

5 included question in question

5. Included question in question

These questions are used when we want to add one question in another questions .

These questions are used to ask someone a question politely .

how to make included question in question

How to make included question in question

Included in question mostly start with the following questions .

Do you know ?

Can you tell me ?

Do you remember ?

important note

Important note

Simply we have to say that the combination of one positive sentence and one interrogative sentence is called included question in question .

And remember that

Do , Does and Did are omitted when they are used positively .

using yes no questions in included questions

Using Yes /No questions in included questions .

In Yes / No question we use ( Ifor whether )

If and Whether have the same meanings , but whether more formal than if .

structure for yes no

Structure for Yes / No

Can you tell me , Do you know or Do you remember + if /whether +

subject + Verb + Complement .

Do you live here ?

Can you tell if you live here ?

examples

Examples

Can she speak English ?

Do you know whether she can speak English ?

Do they sleep ?

Can you tell if they sleep ?

Does she need it ?

Do you know if she needs it ?

yes no in included questions

Yes/No in included Questions

When we want to change a WH question to included question , we should follow these rules

A) Start the question with one these questions .

Can you tell me , Do you know etc .

Don’t use Do , Does and Did in following part .

B) Change the Verb its related form .

examples of where plural

Examples of WHERE + Plural

Where do I work ?

Do you know where I work ?

Where do we sleep ?

Can you tell me where we sleep ?

Where do they live ?

Do remember where they live ?

examples of where singular

Examples of WHERE + Singular

Where does study ?

Do you know where she studies ?

Where does he live ?

Do you know where he lives ?

Where does Laila go ?

Can you tell where laila goes ?

examples of where in past

Examples of WHERE in Past

Where did she go ?

Do you where she went ?

Where was I ?

Can you tell me where I was ?

Where do we swim ?

Do you remember where we swam ?

examples of where in future

Examples of WHERE in Future

Where will I stay ?

Do you know where I will stay ?

Where will we live after this ?

Do you know where we live after this?

Where is she going to work ?

Can you tell me where she is going to work ?

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