Sentence . What is a sentence ?. Sentence . Sentence is a group of related words which has subject , verb , object and complete meaning is called a sentence . Ex: I read a book every day . . How many kinds of sentences do we have ?. We have the following sentences in English language .
What is a sentence ?
Sentence is a group of related words which has subject , verb , object and complete meaning is called a sentence .
Ex: I read a book every day .
We have the following sentences in English language .
1. According to Meaning 2. According to Structure
According the meaning of sentence we have the following five types sentences .
Are those sentences which declare a purpose .
Or are those sentences which show an idea .
Declarative Sentences are divided into two sorts .
Are those sentences which show agreement or show positive response .
Ex: She has a house in USA .
Ex: I walk to university
Ex: They help us .
Ex: Ali is a teacher .
Ex: We want to buy a building .
Ex: He teaches English .
Are those sentences which show disagreement or show negative response .
Ex: We don’t go to USA .
Ex: She doesn’t teach Urdu .
Ex: I don’t like his bicycle .
Ex: They don’t come here today .
Ex: He doesn’t blame me .
Ex: I didn’t call Ali .
Are those sentences which show advice , command , request and prohibition .
Ex: Take this tablet 3 times a day for 5days .
Ex: Relax at home for 3 days
Ex: Exercise as many times as you can.
Ex: Drive carefully on the high way .
Ex: Perform the prayer on time .
Ex: Come to class on time to study .
Arrest them now .
Get out .
Rise your hand .
Open your hand .
Kill him .
Clean my room and now .
Don’t call me any more .
Don’t swim here .
Don’t come to my house again.
Don’t shoot that man now .
Don’t turn left turn right .
Don’t your park your car here .
Please take my hand .
Please give me your mobile .
Please help me .
Please break this stone .
Please open your eyes .
Pleas return my car on Sunday .
Are those sentences which ask questions .
There are five kinds of interrogative sentences
Yes /no questions
Included question in questions
Are those questions which need a short answer
Yes / No questions are those questions which can be either by yes or No .
Ex: Can you arrest him today ?
Do you know that boy ?
Will she call you ?
Would you like to sit here ?
Should I call my brother ?
Did we cook rice last night ?
Are those questions which can not be answered by yes or no .
WH questions are those questions which need complete information .
Who can speak English with me ?
What do you have in your pocket ?
3. Where Place
Where does she come from ?
4. Why Reason and purpose
Why did she go to hospital ?
5. How Situation or means of transportation .
How is your son Situation
How do you to USA ?
When will we see Ahmad ?
Whose son do you teach ?
Which Thing of specific type
Which car do you use ?
Are those questions in which we express surprise by rising and lowering the sound .
These sentences are sentences in fact ,but are pronounced , read or said as question .
She can pass the test ?
I got less score than you ?
Your brother died ?
My son came to Kabul?
She will come back ?
The word tag means the top of shoelace .
Tag is name of game for children .
But here , it means short .
It is called a short question .
Preceded by a comma (,) and followed by a questions mark (?).
If the first sentence is positive , tag should be negative .
It if tag is negative , the first sentence should be positive .
She is a girl , isn't she ?
We are boys , aren't we ?
They are teachers aren't they ?
She works , doesn’t she ?
He cleans the floor , doesn’t he ?
I work at home don’t I ?
They like it , don’t they ?
She doesn’t work , does she ?
I don’t sleep , do I ?
He can`t swim , can he ?
The shouldn’t come , should they ?
We don’t kill him , do we ?
She won`t bring my pen , will she ?
These questions are used when we want to add one question in another questions .
These questions are used to ask someone a question politely .
Included in question mostly start with the following questions .
Do you know ?
Can you tell me ?
Do you remember ?
Simply we have to say that the combination of one positive sentence and one interrogative sentence is called included question in question .
And remember that
Do , Does and Did are omitted when they are used positively .
In Yes / No question we use ( Ifor whether )
If and Whether have the same meanings , but whether more formal than if .
Can you tell me , Do you know or Do you remember + if /whether +
subject + Verb + Complement .
Do you live here ?
Can you tell if you live here ?
Can she speak English ?
Do you know whether she can speak English ?
Do they sleep ?
Can you tell if they sleep ?
Does she need it ?
Do you know if she needs it ?
When we want to change a WH question to included question , we should follow these rules
A) Start the question with one these questions .
Can you tell me , Do you know etc .
Don’t use Do , Does and Did in following part .
B) Change the Verb its related form .
Where do I work ?
Do you know where I work ?
Where do we sleep ?
Can you tell me where we sleep ?
Where do they live ?
Do remember where they live ?
Where does study ?
Do you know where she studies ?
Where does he live ?
Do you know where he lives ?
Where does Laila go ?
Can you tell where laila goes ?
Where did she go ?
Do you where she went ?
Where was I ?
Can you tell me where I was ?
Where do we swim ?
Do you remember where we swam ?
Where will I stay ?
Do you know where I will stay ?
Where will we live after this ?
Do you know where we live after this?
Where is she going to work ?
Can you tell me where she is going to work ?