Safety Down Day October 2010. Thank you for your participation!. ORM. In flying, I have learned that carelessness and overconfidence are usually far more dangerous than deliberately accepted risks.— Wilbur Wright in a letter to his father, September 1900. ORM.
Safety Down DayOctober 2010
Thank you for your participation!
In flying, I have learned that carelessness and overconfidence are usually far more dangerous than deliberately accepted risks.— Wilbur Wright in a letter to his father, September 1900
Man, Media, Machine, Management, Mission
All of the above can degrade performance and should be considered a risk.
Media is the environment in which anyone is conducting an activity.
This is an example of the proper user interface with a computer. It minimizes the effects of muscle fatigue, carpel tunnel, and straining of the eyes, among other things. You can use ORM each day at a computer to prevent such injuries.
When dealing with a machine, knowing its maintenance history (logbook, check recent issues), performance (max weight), parts, upkeep, repair, et cetera is all important. The preflight inspection is therefore significant in order to check and review the design, maintenance, logistics, and tech data of the particular aircraft you are about to takeoff in.
Management is always YOU!
After all the regs, policies, analyses, and gathered opinions, YOU are the one who makes the final decision if the activity you are about to partake in is risky.
Does the benefit(s) outweigh the risk(s)?
YOU have the final say: Go/No-Go
Counter Drug Ops
Search and Rescues
Now that we’ve reviewed what contributes to ORM, where does the Civil Air Patrol stand with ORM and how do we conduct an actual ORM assessment for a situation?
“Create a Civil Air Patrol in which all personnel manage risk such that all operations are successfully completed at the least possible cost.”
“Enhance mission effectiveness at all levels while minimizing risk.”
Accept no unnecessary risks.
Make risk decisions at the appropriate level.
Accept risks when benefits outweigh costs.
Integrate ORM into doctrine and planning at all levels.
What are the three main reasons that “unnecessary risks” are sometimes taken?
How can the taking of unnecessary risks be minimized?
Corollary is “Accept Necessary Risk”.
Flying is tough, it's even tougher if you do something stupid. Don't do nuthin dumb!
~ Ralph Royce (US WWII Army Air Forces General)
#1 - Not aware of the risk.
#2 - An incorrect assessment of cost versus benefit.
#3 - Interpreting “bold risk taking” to mean gambling.
Don’t be a show-off. Never be too proud to turn back.. There are old pilots and bold pilots, but no old, bold pilots. - E. Hamilton Lee
Improve hazard detection procedures and awareness of risks.
Improve risk decision making skills at all levels of the organization.
Train personnel at all levels regarding the risk management “credo” not “Mission accomplishment at any cost”, but “Mission accomplishment at the least cost.”
There is no reason to fly through a thunderstorm in peacetime.
~ Sign over squadron ops desk at Davis-Monthan AFB, AZ, 1970.
5. Risk Control
1. Identify the Hazards: Limited visibility due to the fog and a hill. You are unfamiliar with this road and have no idea what is on the other side.
2. Assess the Risks: Due to the fog and hill obstructing your vision you will have difficulty seeing traffic or obstructions on the road.
3. Analyze Risk Control Measures: You have no control over the weather but you can control your speed.
4. Make Control Decisions: Slow down. This is the only option available to you.
5. Implement Risk Controls: Slow down to a safe speed.
6. Supervise and Review: Assess whether or not your new speed is slow enough for the conditions and adjust as needed.
A description of a condition that
can impair mission accomplishment.
No indication of its mission significance.
A hazard for which we have
estimated the severity,
probability, and scope
with which it can impact
What impact on mission?
What impact on people?
What impact on things (material, facilities, environment)?
Use the cumulative probability of all causation factors.
Express in descriptive or quantitative terms.
Use experience data when possible.
The Risk Assessment Index
Realize the rock is there, Analyze if the rock will cause harm, Mitigate the harm.
Don’t get caught under a boulder! But a pebble won’t hurt. (if not dropped from a large distance, that is…)
AOPA Aviation Security:
Additional information available at the ORM University through the Civil Air Patrol Website: http://creports.capnhq.gov/ormu/
Canadian Safety Management System (SMS) Transport Canada website
GAIN products (including risk assessment, airline flight ops, etc.) and proceedings available – www.gainweb.org
– report on Safety Management Systems on the cd and website
Aviation Conference Education (ACE) – courses
FAA – introductory System Safety Course (OKC; 3-day course)
FAA Office of System Safety (www.faa.gov) - advice on system safety issues
System Safety Handbook – FAA
Appendix to FAA order 8040.4 for FAA contact points for specific areas of expertise
SAE – www.sae.org
– ARP4761 – guidance for airlines and other organizations
Thank you for your attention and as always,