The danish trans fat ban paolo m drostby head of food policy division
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The Danish Trans Fat Ban Paolo M. Drostby Head of Food Policy Division. The rules – Order on TFA. Trans fatty acids maximum level: 2 % of fat content Focus on oils and fats – limit at the source Only industrially processed trans fatty acids Applied from 1 January 2004.

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The Danish Trans Fat Ban Paolo M. Drostby Head of Food Policy Division

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The danish trans fat ban paolo m drostby head of food policy division

The Danish Trans Fat BanPaolo M. DrostbyHead of Food Policy Division


The rules order on tfa

The rules – Order on TFA

  • Trans fatty acids maximum level: 2 % of fat content

  • Focus on oils and fats – limit at the source

  • Only industrially processedtrans fatty acids

  • Applied from 1 January 2004

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


Scientific background dnc reports

Scientific Background – DNC Reports

Well-established link between trans fatty acids and cardiovascular disease

  • Increase of 5 g TFA/Day = 25 % increased risk of cardiovascular disease

  • Intake of 20 g TFA/Day = 2,5 times higher risk of cardiovascular disease

  • Risk related to TFA 4-5 times higher than risk related to saturated fats

  • US estimate (1997): 30-40% of deaths related to cardiovascular disease due to TFA (>30.000 deaths a year); average TFA-intake 5 g/Day

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


Recommendations from scientific bodies

Recommendations from scientific bodies

  • WHO 2004: ” … Towards the elimination of TFA”.

  • Institute of Medicine 2002: ”Keep intake as low as possible while consuming a nutritionally adequate diet”

  • AFSSA 2005: ”Intake >2 E% increases risk of CVD.” Maximum of 1 %.

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


Why maximum level

Maximum level

Protecion of citizens

Simple and efficient way of reducing intake

Enforceable, controllable and technologically feasible

Labelling

Empowering of citizens

Reduces intake ?

Labelling not understandable for citizens

Unpacked food products

Massive public information required

Why maximum level ?

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


Why only ip tfa

IP-TFA

Added in the production process – comparable to additives or contaminants

Level potentially high – no safe upper level

No benefits

Reduction technologically possible

Distinction by analysis possible

Natural TFA

Naturally occurring TFA integral part of product

Level of naturally occurring trans fatty acids low

No evidence of health risk related to naturally occurring trans fatty acids

Beneficial nutrients in animal products

Why only IP-TFA ?

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


The result

The Result

Surveys on target products 2002-03 and 2004-05:

  • Significant decrease in products >2 % TFA

  • Low level of transgression (2-6 %)

  • Replacement of removed TFA: Both monounsaturated and saturated fats. New methods of production developed – solid and semi-solid ’speciality fats’

  • No increase in prices

  • No decrease in product variability

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


The macdonald s case fat content

Post regulation

70 % Monounsaturated

15 % Polyunsaturated

15 % Saturated

NO Transfats !

The MacDonald’s Case– Fat content

Pre-regulation

  • 55 % Monounsaturated

  • 8 % Polyunsaturated

  • 20 % Saturated

  • 8 % Transfats

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


The high trans menu

The ’High Trans Menu’

IP TFA in High Trans Menu (Denmark):

2001: Approx. 30 g per serving

2006: Below 1 g per serving

Other countries (2006):

From 9 g to above 40 g per serving

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


Exposure in high trans menus

Exposure in ’High Trans Menus’

  • Stender et al 2006, NE Journal of Medicine

    • At random TFA in fast food, 25 countries (14 EC)

    • French fries, chicken, biscuits, popcorn etc.

    • Average content per serving

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


Health impact

Health impact ?

  • Difficult to ’isolate’ TFA-impact in health studies

  • Studies conducted by Danish Obesity Research Center

    • Epidemiologic survey

    • Intervention study

  • Further information: www.DanORC.dk

TACD - Generation Excess III, Washington DC 8 April 2008


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