Qtp object repository descriptive programming and beyond
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QTP: Object Repository, Descriptive Programming and Beyond. Prepared by: Igor Gershovich. Object Repository vs. Descriptive Programming –what to use?. There really is no “best way”

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QTP: Object Repository, Descriptive Programming and Beyond

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QTP: Object Repository, Descriptive Programming and Beyond

Prepared by: Igor Gershovich

Object Repository vs. Descriptive Programming –what to use?

  • There really is no “best way”

  • Use the method that gives your company the best ROI, whether that be Object Repository (OR), Descriptive Programming (DP) or a mixture of both

OR Pros and Cons


  • GUI Front end to examine all the objects in the repository

  • Highlight in Application feature is great tool to walk the object tree

  • No need to modify the script when object properties changes

  • Easy to identify objects in AUT by Object Logical names

  • Can be created independently from scripts

OR Pros and Cons


  • Additional layer to maintain

  • Unnecessary objects can be created

  • Multiple users cannot concurrently save/write to the shared OR

  • It won’t eliminate the need for Descriptive Programming in most of cases

DP Pros and Cons


  • It’s a white box

  • Compatible with different QTP versions

  • Code portability is high

  • Easy to mass update

DP Pros and Cons


  • Lower Code Readability and requires more comments, like “what object is accessed”

  • Potentially slower to create

  • To highlight an object in the application requires utilizing the “Highlight” method

What is Object Repository?

  • Object Repository is a place where QTP stores learned objects

  • QTP uses default Object Identification properties: mandatory and assistive to learn objects into OR

Object Repository

Logical Name


OR: Object identification default properties

Script playback using OR

  • QTP finds the Object in Object Repository using object Logical Name and Object Hierarchy

  • QTP retrieves Test Object properties from OR

  • QTP searches actual application for the Object with the same properties as the OR Test Object and performs user action

Script playback using Descriptive programming

  • QTP searches the Application Under Test (AUT) for the Object using Descriptive properties and performs user action

Descriptive programming – when and why?

Consider using DP in following cases:

  • Dynamic object properties

    Example: Link Logout <User Name>

  • Same objects on every page

    Example: Buttons – Next, Back, Cancel, OK

  • Lots of similar objects on one page

    Example: table with many First & Last name text boxes

Different ways to work with objects

Different ways to work with objects

Example for Passenger 1 First Name

ChildObjects method – using Collection Object

ChildObjects method – using Collection Object

Last Name fields are populated

TO, RO and .Object

  • .GetTOproperty/SetToProperty refers to the properties stored in OR

  • .GetROProperty property refers to the AUT Object property (Run-time)

  • .Object.<property/method> refers to the AUT Object NATIVE properties/methods

Better names for Object Spy radio-buttons

Run-Time NATIVE Object

Run-Time QTP (Test) Object

Object Run-Time Properties from AUT (GetRoProperty)

Run-Time “Native” Object Properties/Methods from AUT (.Object)

Test Object Properties from ORSet/GetToProperty

Regular Expressions in ORExample: Server independent Page object

1. Click on Property value to access RegEx

2. Click RegEx Icon

Regular Expressions in OR

Regular Expressions in OR

RegEx icon

Object Smart Identification

  • Smart Identification is not Artificial Intelligence

  • SI uses loose/unreliable object recognition

  • It’s recommended to disable SI for each and every page/window/control using the Tools->Object Identification dialog (Recording)

  • Another way to disable SI: File -> Settings -> Run -> Check the "Disable Smart Identification during run session" check box (Run-Time)

Smart Identification (SI) Recording Options

SI Checkbox

Smart Identification (SI) Run Option

SI Checkbox


  • QA Forums – www.sqaforums.com

  • HP/Mercury QTP User guide

  • Knowledge inbox (by Tarun Lalwani) - http://www.knowledgeinbox.com/

  • Microsoft TechNet - http://www.microsoft.com/technet/scriptcenter/

Igor Gershovich

  • E-Mail: [email protected]

  • Phone: 720-933-9395

  • www.connectedtesting.com

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