Mounting Tensions. Migration patternssouth to north, rural to urban, east to westOvercrowding HeatTension. . Mounting Tensions. MOWMExecutive Order 8802Defense contracts end discrimination
1. WWII Home Front Race Relations
2. Mounting Tensions Migration patterns
south to north, rural to urban, east to west
3. Mounting Tensions MOWM
Executive Order 8802
Defense contracts end discrimination & new job training programs
4. Results of Tensions 1943: The Year of the Race Riot
Detroit (Bloody Monday)
25 AA dead & 9 white dead
5 AA dead
410 people injured
5. LA’s Zoot Suit Riots
6. Reaction to the Riots CIO (labor union) President: Philip Murray talks to FDR
“I join you and all true Americans in condemning the violence, whatever form it takes and whoever its victims”
7. Reaction to the Riots After no real action Pauli Murray (African American Student Publishes the poem Mr. Roosevelt Regrets
8. Mr. Roosevelt Regrets What did you get, black boy,
When they knocked you down in the gutter,
And they kicked your teeth out,
And they broke your skull with clubs,
And they bashed your stomach in?
9. Mr. Roosevelt Regrets What’d you get when the police shot you in the back,
And they chained you to the beds
While they wiped the blood off?
What’d you get when you cried out to the Top Man?
When you called the man next to God, as you thought,
10. Mr. Roosevelt Regrets And you asked him to speak out to save you?
What’d the Top Man say, black boy?
Mr. Roosevelt regrets….
Printed in The Crisis, Aug 1943
11. Japanese Internment Issei & Nisei
Fear of subversion and sabotage leads to discrimination of Japanese-Americans
Japanese only Curfew
12. Japanese Internment Executive Order 9066
Authorized internment of all Japanese on the west coast
13. Japanese Internment General of the Western Defensive Command: John DeWitt justifies this move:
“ The very fact that no sabotage to aid Japan has taken place to date is a disturbing and confirming indication that such action will be taken.”
19. Supreme Court Cases Hirabayashi v. United States
Korematsu v. United States
1988: Law passed to make apology and restitution of $20,000