Economic preferences and obesity in a low income african american community
Download
1 / 11

Economic Preferences and Obesity in a Low-Income African-American Community - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 66 Views
  • Uploaded on

Economic Preferences and Obesity in a Low-Income African-American Community. Angela de Oliveira, Tammy Leonard, Kerem Shuval , Celette Skinner, James Murdoch, Catherine Eckel. Health and the Project. Unique population with high policy interest Multifaceted data collection effort

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Economic Preferences and Obesity in a Low-Income African-American Community' - radwan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Economic preferences and obesity in a low income african american community

Economic Preferences and Obesity in a Low-Income African-American Community

Angela de Oliveira, Tammy Leonard, KeremShuval, Celette Skinner, James Murdoch, Catherine Eckel


Health and the project
Health and the Project African-American Community

  • Unique population with high policy interest

  • Multifaceted data collection effort

  • Interdisciplinary research team: Health researchers with economists, psychologists

  • Many different measures related to well-being

    • Physical environment

    • Household survey

    • Health behavior

    • Incentivized preference measures

  •  OPPORTUNITY to study obesity

  • We ask: Why is obesity higher among low-income African Americans?


Obesity and preferences
Obesity and Preferences African-American Community

  • Economists believe behavior is driven by underlying preferences

  • Risk aversion: avoiding risk motivates safe, cautious behavior

  • Patience: a long-run perspective motivates behavior that makes future outcomes better

  • Both lead to healthier behavioral choices


Obesity
Obesity African-American Community


Risk measure
Risk Measure African-American Community

Valencia 2011 Trust


Risk preferences
Risk Preferences African-American Community

Valencia 2011 Trust


Time preferences
Time Preferences African-American Community

Valencia 2011 Trust


Data African-American Community

  • 496 participants completed household survey

  • 198 of these completed incentivized tasks; 156 complete data

  • Primary dependent variable: Obesity

  • Secondary dependent variables:

    • Exercise: 38% yes

    • TV: Mean = 5.7 hours/wk

  • Data analysis strategy: predict obesity category

  • Primary independent variables: Risk tolerance, Patience

  • Controls: Gender, race, age, income, marital status, children, health insurance, unemployed, self-reported health status


Results
Results African-American Community

  • Risk:

  • Positively related to Obesity

  • Positively related to Exercise

  • Positively related to TV

  • Patience:

  • No relationship to Obesity

  • Positively related to Exercise

  • No relationship to TV


Conclusion
Conclusion African-American Community

  • Risk tolerance is related to obesity, despite also being related to exercise; Sedentary behavior may play a more important role

  • No relationship between patience and obesity for this population

    • In another study, patience is related to exercise.

  • Participants who believe their health is good are MORE likely to be obese, but also to exercise.

  • Policy implications:

    • Efforts to reduce risk and encourage physical activity may reduce obesity

    • Information may impact perceptions of future consequences of unhealthy behaviors

    • Direct measurement and examination of economic preferences might lead to a more targeted approach at applying behavioral economic concepts to health issues.


Related papers
Related papers African-American Community

  • Leonard, Tammy, KeremShuval, Angela de Oliveira, CeletteSugg Skinner, Catherine Eckel, James C. Murdoch. (2012) “Health Behavior and Behavioral Economics: Economic Preferences and Physical Activity Stages of Change in a Low-Income African American Community.” Forthcoming, American Journal of Health Promotion, forthcoming.

  • Shuval, K., Leonard, T., Skinner, C., Caughy, M., Kohl, H., Murdoch, J.C. (2012). “Sedentary Behaviors And Obesity Among A Low Income, Ethnic Minority Population.” Journal of Physical Activity and Health, In Press.

  • Leonard, T.C.M., Caughy, M.O., Mays, J.K., Murdoch, J.C. (2011). “Systemic Neighborhood Observations at High Spatial Resolution: Methodology and Assessment of Potential Benefits.” PLoS ONE 6(6): e20225.doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020225.

  • Leonard, T.C.M., Croson, R.T.A., Oliviera, A.C.M. (2010). “Social Capital and Public Goods.” Journal of Socio-Economics Vol. 39 Issue 4.


ad