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New Frontiers in Chemical Engineering: Impact on Undergraduate Education. Esin Gulari Division Director Chemical and Transport Systems National Science Foundation. Outline. History of Chemical Engineering Strength-Weakness-Opportunity-Threat Analysis

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new frontiers in chemical engineering impact on undergraduate education

New Frontiers in Chemical Engineering: Impact on Undergraduate Education

Esin Gulari

Division Director

Chemical and Transport Systems

National Science Foundation

outline
Outline
  • History of Chemical Engineering
  • Strength-Weakness-Opportunity-Threat Analysis
  • Chemical Engineering Workforce Data and Trends
  • CHE Frontiers activities/documents
  • CHE relative to other disciplines
  • New Curriculum
history of chemical engineering
History of Chemical Engineering
  • 1900
    • Initial curriculum consisted of separate courses in chemistry and conventional engineering
  • Decade I (1905-1915)

Industrial Chemistry

Industrial Chemistry

Hydraulics

Metallurgy

Surveying

Electrochemistry

Steam and Gas Tech.

Chemical Manufacture

history of chemical engineering1
History of Chemical Engineering
  • Decade II (1915-1925)
  • Decade III (1925-1935)

Unit Operations

Descriptive

Geometry

Unit Operations

Materials and Energy

Balances

Contracts

Materials & Energy

Balances

Reduction in

Mechanics & Machine

Design

history of chemical engineering2
History of Chemical Engineering
  • Decade IV (1935-1945)
  • Decade V (1945-1955)

CHE Thermo.

CHE Thermodynamics

Process Control

Process measurement

& control

Industrial Chem.

Mechanics

More Physical Chem.,

Unit Operations

Foreign Languages

Applied Kinetics

Applied Kinetics

Reactor Design

Metallurgy

Process Design

Machine Design

Report writing &

speech

Steam and Gas Tech.

Organic Chemistry

history of chemical engineering3
History of Chemical Engineering
  • Decade VI (1955 -1965)
  • Decades VII – X (1965 -2005)

Transport Phenomena

Process Dynamics

Process Engineering

Transport Phenomena

Graphics

Physical Measurements

Less Unit Ops.

Less Material &

Energy Balances

Differential Equations

Computer Programming

Minor changes

slide7

Evolution of CHE Curriculum

Increasing Emphasis in Underlying Sciences

Development of Unit Operations

Decline in Industrial Chemistry

1915

1925

1935

1945

1955

1965

current landscape of che
Current Landscape of CHE
  • Strength:
    • Knowledge of processes on both molecular to macroscopic scales allows CHEs to work on the most exciting technology areas.
  • Weakness:
    • While CHE practice has evolved dramatically, the core curriculum has undergone minor changes in the past 40 years.
current landscape of che1
Current Landscape of CHE
  • Opportunity:
    • To convey the excitement of CHE practice to students, to equip them to be versatile problem-solvers, to give them solid grounding in fundamentals and tools for engineering analysis and synthesis, illustrated by examples drawn from the breadth of industry and practice
    • Biology has become a more molecular and quantitative science.
    • There are new methods of incorporating new technology for education.
chemical industry ci trends
Chemical Industry (CI) Trends
  • The CI is cyclical.
  • The CI is increasingly global.
  • Mergers of companies and product lines happen often.
  • Chemical companies are becoming life science companies and spinning off chemical units.
  • Virtual companies provide out-sourced services including research.
  • Time-to-market for new products has dramatically decreased.
  • New CHE workforce can expect to have multiple jobs in their careers.
workforce issues
Workforce Issues
  • Public perception of “chemical” is negative.
  • Potential students don’t know the role and contributions of CHEs in emerging technologies (biotech., nanotech., infotech.)
  • Enrollments are small relative to other engineering disciplines
  • Enrollments appear to be cyclic.
  • Employment opportunities are diverse.
  • Other disciplines are embracing molecular engineering.
u s che degrees 1966 2000
U.S. CHE Degrees 1966-2000

Science & Engineering Indicators (NSF 02-327)

initial placement for bs 00 01
Initial Placement for BS 00-01

Other

Graduate/Professional

Unemployed

Industry

Government

Industry

Unknown Employment

AICHE Career Services

industrial employment of bs
Industrial Employment of BS

Other

Business services

ES: Environmental

ES: Research

ES: Design&Construction

Pulp & Paper

Biotech/Pharma

Materials

Food/Consumer

Fuels

Electronics

Chemical

Percent Industrial Employment of BS CHEs

AICHE Career Services

bs starting salaries
BS Starting Salaries

CHE leads all fields

Boston Globe, April25, 2003

chemical engineering frontiers graduate education and research
Chemical Engineering Frontiers(Graduate Education and Research)
  • Beyond Molecular Frontier: Challenges for Chemistry and Chemical Engineering

[Structures and Cultures of CHEM & CHE Disciplines: The Common Chemical Bond]

    • NRC Report with six workshop documents
      • The Environment
      • National Security and Homeland Defense
      • Materials Science and Technology
      • Energy and Transportation
      • Information and Communications
      • Health and Medicine
chemical engineering frontiers undergraduate education and curriculum
Chemical Engineering Frontiers(Undergraduate Education and Curriculum)
  • CCR/NSF Curriculum Workshops
    • 2002 Council of Chemical Research Annual Meeting, CHE Department Chairs Session
    • Three planning workshops, “New Frontiers in CHE” supported by NSF
      • Workshop I: Orlando, Jan., 2003
      • Workshop II: Austin, April 2003
      • Workshop III: Cape Cod, June 2003

[Led by Bob Armstrong, CHE Dept. Chair, MIT]

http://www.ccrhq.org/

Chemical Engineering Curricula

slide18

Chemical Engineering at the Center

Materials Science

Computer Science.

Physics

Electrical Eng.

Chem. Eng.

Chemistry.

Civil Eng.

Biology.

Mechanical Eng..

Mathematics.

Chemical Engineering is connected to many disciplines

opportunities for new curriculum
Opportunities for New Curriculum
  • CHE is uniquely positioned at the interface between molecular sciences and engineering. It can significantly contribute to emerging technologies:
    • Alternate/renewable energy
    • Better health
    • National security
    • Improved environment
elements of new curriculum
Elements of New Curriculum
  • The enabling sciences are:
    • Chemistry, Biology, Physics, Mathematics
  • Core chemical engineering principles:
    • Molecular transformations
    • Multi-scale analysis
    • Systems approach to solving problems
  • Chemical engineering design contains:
    • Process design
    • Product design
the frontier che curriculum
The Frontier CHE Curriculum
  • Decade XI (2005 -2015)

Molecular

Transformations

Multi-scale Analysis

Process/Product

Design

Molecular engineering

??

Biology

??

Product Design

??

Systems Analysis

??

Increasing emphasis in biology and integration

2005

2015

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