The National Rural Employment Guarantee Four Years On . Dr. Santosh Mehrotra Director Institute of Applied Manpower Research (Planning Commission,Govt. of India). Structure of presentation .
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Dr. Santosh Mehrotra
Institute of Applied Manpower Research
(Planning Commission,Govt. of India)
1. Provide 100 days of employment for poorer sections i.e., landless labour and marginal farmers
2. Improve land productivity, income and employment over time
NREGA introduces Rights Based framework:
» Average no. of person days per HH 37 for India in 2009/10, 26 in case of SGRY
» In 2009/10 the share of SCs which received employment is 20% whereas STs share is 18%
Women constituted 48% of all persons working in 2009/10. But gender performance was poor in Karnatka (11.9%), Himachal Pardesh (13.6%), Assam (14.1), Mizoram (20.3) ,WB (27.5%),Chadigarh (28.1%) and Orissa (30.1%)
Rajasthan,Mizoram, and Tripura
Assam,Bihar,and West Bengal
» Raising wages in the areas where NREGA works are implemented
» Difference in the market wage rates for Agri. Activity in pre-and-post NREGA(especially in the case of women, who are paid the same rates as men under NREGA)
» Migration: they do not need to migrate to other rural areas (eg. Bihar labourers do not find work in Punjab)
» In 2009/10 only 1.60 mn HH completed 100 day of employments as against 1.83 mn in 2008/9
» Chattisgarh, MP, Orissa, Rajasthan and UP (all are poor states) are amongst the highest no. of HH completing 100 days employments.
System of Social Audit: Should be performed and owned by the GPs, NGOs can assist. Manual for social audit should be circulated to all GPs, block and district officials within 3 months
Administrative Costs: Most Govt programmes allow for 10% of total expenditure for admin costs but under NREGA 6% is allowed but as is found actual expenditure is even less then 3%.
Task Force on Convergence:
Lab component of non-NREGA from NREGA
Value addition for durable assets: from kutcha (NREGA) to pucca works (non-NREGA programme)
Lack of awareness:
Better information, Communication, Education (IEC) is urgently needed. Good example set by IEC strategies created for Bharat Nirman and for JNNURM should be used for NREGA
Creating Assets on Private land:
To undertake employment works on land owned by small and marginal farmers in addition to SC/ST/BPL farmers ensuring maintenance
Transparency in wage payment:
Separating payment agency from implementing agency. There is a need to strengthen Sub-Post Office/Branch Post Office to avoid malfeasance (e.g AP). 2.33 cr bank acc/PO accts opened