HAZARD COMMUNICATION. This lecture covers basic knowledge of the control and management of hazardous material. It will discuss labeling and marking as well as the importance of MSDS’s and a short review of their content.
This lecture covers basic knowledge of the control and management of hazardous material. It will discuss labeling and marking as well as the importance of MSDS’s and a short review of their content.
Our use of hazardous material is limited to copier/printer toner, cleaning supplies, and various liquid material, some of which, if used improperly, could injure personnel, the environment or damage equipment.
While some departments have a higher exposure to hazmat, overall the command has a very limited amount on hand. However, all personnel must be informed of the basics of hazard communication and general procedures.
Hazard Communication Standard
The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) became effective in 1986. This standard basically says that all employees have both aneedand arightto knowthe hazards and the identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working. They also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse health effects.
The Hazard Communication Standard requires:
AUL : Authorized Use List (What is it?)
An AUL is simply a listing of all hazardous material authorized for use at a command.
The command can only have on hand the material that is listed on the AUL. The Commanding Officer authorizes additions to the list via the Safety Officer and Hazmat Coordinator.
MSDS provides more information than chemical package labels.
Every chemical must have an MSDS.
Everyone has the right to review an MSDS.
MSDS can be obtained from numerous sources:
Your Safety Office
The important issue is to obtain them and review their contents BEFORE using the chemical.
MSDS contain as a minimum:
Physical & Chemical Characteristics.
Fire and Explosion Data.
Reactivity of the material.
Personal Protective Equipment needed for use with the material.
Spill or leak protection information.
Proper handling and storage directions.
Special Information/First Aid procedures.
How Chemicals Can....
Routes of Entry/Exposure
There are three primary routes of entry where hazardous materials enter the body.
Through the Lungs
Through the Skin
The lungs are the most important and easiest exposure route.
Chemicals can also have long term or chronic effects. Sometimes these effects may not be seen until there has been repeated exposure or until a long period of time has passed.
Chemicals can have an immediate, short term or acute effects that end shortly after exposure ceases.
Headaches, Loss of Consciousness
Shortness of Breath
Gum and teeth disorders
Reproductive Sys prob
Liver, Kidney prob
Asphyxiants:Are inhaled. They displace oxygen, which is necessary to maintain life.
Irritants:Causes inflammation by direct contact. Injury to the nose, throat, and lungs or attacks the skin and destroys tissue.
Allergic sensitizers:Some individuals become sensitized. Repeated exposures cause an immune reaction.
Systemic poisons:Toxins attack the body.
Carcinogens, etc:Cause irreversible alterations (cancer) or genetic mutations.
HAZARD SPILL RESPONSE TEAM NUMBERS
WHAT TO DO:
INSERT YOUR DATA HERE
HANDLING HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
THINK THROUGH EVERY PROCEDURE:
2. FIRST AID
3. EMERGENCY RESPONSES
FOR EACH SITUATION
BEFORE HANDLING OR MOVING HAZARDOUS MATERIAL
Proper preparation avoids deadly surprises