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HAZARD COMMUNICATION. This lecture covers basic knowledge of the control and management of hazardous material. It will discuss labeling and marking as well as the importance of MSDS’s and a short review of their content.

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Presentation Transcript
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This lecture covers basic knowledge of the control and management of hazardous material. It will discuss labeling and marking as well as the importance of MSDS’s and a short review of their content.

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Our use of hazardous material is limited to copier/printer toner, cleaning supplies, and various liquid material, some of which, if used improperly, could injure personnel, the environment or damage equipment.

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While some departments have a higher exposure to hazmat, overall the command has a very limited amount on hand. However, all personnel must be informed of the basics of hazard communication and general procedures.

your right to know
YourRight To Know

The

Hazard Communication Standard

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The Hazard Communication Standard (HCS) became effective in 1986. This standard basically says that all employees have both aneedand arightto knowthe hazards and the identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when working. They also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse health effects.

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All personnel exposed to HAZMAT must be aware of the health hazards associated with the particular material/chemical.
  • Different chemicals have different risks under different conditions.
  • Understanding the risks = safe operating procedures and minimizes the associated hazards.
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The Hazard Communication Standard requires:

  • Chemical Labeling
  • Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
  • Hazard Determination
  • Implementation Program
  • Employee Training
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All chemicals must have labels which identify their name and associated hazards.

  • MSDS must be immediately available to all employees where the hazardous material is used.
  • A list of hazardous material in the workplace must be posted and available.
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Employees must receive training covering material handling, use, interpretation of MSDSs, labeling and information concerning the Hazard Communication Standard.

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AUL : Authorized Use List (What is it?)

An AUL is simply a listing of all hazardous material authorized for use at a command.

The command can only have on hand the material that is listed on the AUL. The Commanding Officer authorizes additions to the list via the Safety Officer and Hazmat Coordinator.

msds material safety data sheet
MSDS: Material Safety Data Sheet

MSDS provides more information than chemical package labels.

Every chemical must have an MSDS.

Everyone has the right to review an MSDS.

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MSDS can be obtained from numerous sources:

Your Safety Office

Supply

Internet

The important issue is to obtain them and review their contents BEFORE using the chemical.

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MSDS contain as a minimum:

Material Identity.

Hazardous Ingredients.

Physical & Chemical Characteristics.

Fire and Explosion Data.

Health Hazards.

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Reactivity of the material.

Personal Protective Equipment needed for use with the material.

Spill or leak protection information.

Proper handling and storage directions.

Special Information/First Aid procedures.

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HARM US!

How Chemicals Can....

or by ingestion

There are three primary routes of entry where hazardous materials enter the body.

Through the Lungs

Through the Skin

or

By Ingestion

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The lungs are the most important and easiest exposure route.
  • Some HAZMAT can be absorbed through the skin and thus circulated through your body.
  • Ingestion is the least important route, but still dangerous.
short term
Chemicals can also have long term or chronic effects. Sometimes these effects may not be seen until there has been repeated exposure or until a long period of time has passed.Short Term

Effects

Vs

Long Term

Chemicals can have an immediate, short term or acute effects that end shortly after exposure ceases.

symptoms
SHORT TERM

Coughing, Wheezing

Headaches, Loss of Consciousness

Eyes watering

Vomiting

Fever

Rash

Shortness of Breath

LONG TERM

Lung disorders

Blood disorders

Vision problems

Gum and teeth disorders

Cancer, Nervousness

Reproductive Sys prob

Liver, Kidney prob

Symptoms
types of toxic substances
Types of Toxic Substances

Asphyxiants:Are inhaled. They displace oxygen, which is necessary to maintain life.

Irritants:Causes inflammation by direct contact. Injury to the nose, throat, and lungs or attacks the skin and destroys tissue.

Allergic sensitizers:Some individuals become sensitized. Repeated exposures cause an immune reaction.

Systemic poisons:Toxins attack the body.

Carcinogens, etc:Cause irreversible alterations (cancer) or genetic mutations.

supervisor s responsibilities
Supervisor’s Responsibilities
  • Learn to recognize symptoms of exposure, listen to your employees.
  • Know where to find information about Hazardous material controls and handling.
  • Post emergency numbers. Review Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) contents and procedures.
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Review procedures for hazardous spills.

  • Although you may think the material you are using is harmless, used improperly it could cause harm.
  • Review the command safety instruction and Safety display boards.
  • Review safety lectures and ask questions.
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All work centers that store chemicals will have an up to date inventory posted on the locker/unit. MSDS’s will be maintained for all chemicals in a location readily accessible toEVERYONE.

  • ALL Personnel within the department must be able to locate the MSDS. They should be easy to recognize and cross reference.
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Should you be working with the chemical and inadvertently spray it in your eyes, you may not be able to read the emergency procedures, a coworker may be responsible for saving your sight.

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And if you are following the guidelines established by OSHA you should have any MSDS belonging to the chemical you are using out and available for just this reason.

  • Besides its not just the rules its good common sense!
handling hazardous material
Handling Hazardous Material
  • Read and follow material handling safety rules.
  • Choose the proper equipment to perform the work.
  • Make sure pallets, racks, etc are stable.
  • Do not block aisles, emergency exits, or equipment.
  • Do not drop or handle packages roughly.
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Move carefully over transfer points.
  • Do not use tools or equipment that can damage packaging.
  • Plan the move before actually performing the action.
  • Secure the load properly.
  • Report all mishaps immediately to the Safety Officer.
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The proper labeling and marking of material is the responsibility of the manufacturer, importer or distributor.

  • MSDS will be provided by the manufacturer, importer or distributor.
  • If material is improperly marked or no MSDS is available do not accept it. Contact the Safety Officer for guidance, by the same token consult him/her before the material is ordered or purchased.
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HAZARD SPILL RESPONSE TEAM NUMBERS

WHAT TO DO:

INSERT YOUR DATA HERE

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HANDLING HAZARDOUS MATERIAL

THINK THROUGH EVERY PROCEDURE:

1. SAFETY

2. FIRST AID

3. EMERGENCY RESPONSES

FOR EACH SITUATION

BEFORE HANDLING OR MOVING HAZARDOUS MATERIAL

Proper preparation avoids deadly surprises

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