Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation
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By DR. CELIA M. REYES ANNE BERNADETTE E. MANDAP Presented at the 1 st M & E Forum Evaluation Theory, Approaches and Practices in the Philippines November 7-8, 2011 Crowne Plaza Manila Galleria, Philippines. CBMS: A Tool for Monitoring and Evaluation. Outline of Presentation.

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Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

By

DR. CELIA M. REYES

ANNE BERNADETTE E. MANDAP

Presented at the 1st M & E Forum

Evaluation Theory, Approaches and Practices in the Philippines

November 7-8, 2011

Crowne Plaza Manila Galleria, Philippines

CBMS: A Tool for Monitoring and Evaluation


Outline of presentation

Outline of Presentation

  • Key Areas of Concerns

  • Background on CBMS

    • Central Issues in Poverty Reduction

    • Existing Sources of Data

      • National Surveys

      • Community Based Monitoring System

  • CBMS Methodology and Process

  • Status of CBMS Implementation in the Philippines

  • Current Applications of CBMS


Key areas of concerns

Key Areas of Concerns

  • Need to track the impacts of policies, programs and various shocks on the poor and the vulnerable

  • Lack of necessary disaggregated data that can be used as inputs to policymaking and program implementation

  • Need for a sustainable mechanism that would facilitate evidence-based decision making and impact-monitoring at each geopolitical level


Central issues in poverty reduction

Central Issues in Poverty Reduction

The who, the where and the why of poverty: identification and targeting of the poor to enhance the effectiveness of anti-poverty initiatives and programs

The what and when of anti-poverty programs: identification of interventions/ investments that have the highest impact on poverty


The who the where and the why of poverty some issues and concerns

THE WHO, THE WHERE AND THE WHY OF POVERTY: Some Issues and Concerns

Official statistics are reliable down to the regional and provincial levels only (i.e. the sampling design of many of these surveys provide estimates of the variables only at the provincial level.)

The collection of data is few and far in between, and processing adds a few more years so that its usefulness for policy design diminishes.

And yet, local government units, under the law, are the front-liners in the fight against poverty and are mandated to assume the primary responsibility for the provision of basic services and facilities and the improvement of the quality of life of their constituents.


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Decentralization creates new information demands that may be best satisfied with CBMS

CBMS can fill the gap

Information Availability

Administrative Structure

National

National surveys

Provincial

Municipal/City

CBMS

Village/Barangay


The cbms methodology

THE CBMS Methodology

CBMS is designed as an organized process of data collection, processing, validation, and integration of data in the local development processes

It generates a core set of indicatorsthat are being measured to determine the welfare status of the population. These indicators capture the multidimensional aspects of poverty.


Key features of cbms

Key Features of CBMS

Involves a census of households and not a sample survey

It is rooted in local government and promotes community participation

It uses local personnel and community volunteers as monitors

It has a core set of indicators (outcome and impact indicators)

It establishes databanks at all geopolitical levels


Cbms process

CBMS Process

Step 2

Data Collection

and

Field Editing

(Training Module 1)

Step 3

Data Encoding

and

Map Digitizing

(Training Module 2)

Step 1

Advocacy /

Organization

Step 8

Dissemination/

Implementation

and

Monitoring

Step 4

Processing and

Mapping

(Training Module 3)

Step 7

Plan Formulation

(Training Module 4)

Step 5

Data validation

and

Community

Consultation

Step 6

Knowledge

(Database)

Management


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Coverage of CBMS implementation in the Philippines

as of September 30, 2011

20,503 barangays

in 767 municipalities and 50cities

In 65 provinces (33 of which are provincewide)


Data that can be generated from cbms

DATA THAT CAN BE GENERATED FROM CBMS

Data can be disaggregated across population sub-groups, and by geo-political levels (by barangay/village, municipality/city, province)

CBMS, conducted on a regular basis, can generate panel data that can aid tracking of conditions of households/ groups of population over time.


Identifying eligible beneficiaries through cbms

Identifying Eligible Beneficiaries Through CBMS

CBMS is a rich source of data at the local level and can facilitate targeting by providing information on who are the eligible beneficiaries for specific programs.

Sector-specific indicators can be used to identify who should receive the intervention.

Composite indicators can be also used to rank the poorest households in the village or municipality.

Poverty status of beneficiaries can be monitored overtime through CBMS


Some cbms applications

Some CBMS Applications


Palawan human development report

Palawan Human Development Report

Palawan is the first province to come up with the publication of the Human Development Report in 2000

and 2006 which marks its achievement of being the first province to use household level data as basis for its development agenda


Poverty maps

Poverty Maps

  • “The Many Faces of Poverty”, Volume 1

  • Agusan del Norte

  • Biliran

  • Camarines Norte

  • Eastern Samar

  • Marinduque

  • Romblon

  • Siquijor


Poverty maps1

Poverty Maps

  • “The Many Faces of Poverty”, Volume 2

  • Agusan del Sur

  • Marinduque

  • Oriental Mindoro

  • Palawan

  • Dinagat Islands

  • Sarangani

  • Southern Leyte


Poverty maps2

Poverty Maps

  • “The Many Faces of Poverty”, Volume 3

  • Batanes

  • Batangas

  • Northern Samar

  • Occidental Mindoro

  • Surigao del Sur

  • Tarlac

  • Zamboanga del Sur


Cbms as mdg benchmarking and monitoring tool

CBMS AS MDG BENCHMARKING AND MONITORING TOOL

  • Provincial MDG Reports Using CBMS Data

  • Agusan del Norte

  • Agusan del Sur

  • Biliran

  • Camarines Norte

  • Eastern Samar

  • Marinduque

  • Romblon

  • Siquijor

  • Sarangani


Summary of cbms survey result municipality of buenavista marinduque

Summary of CBMS Survey Result (Municipality of Buenavista, Marinduque)


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Proportion of Households without access to sanitary toilet

= Highest

= Lowest


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Map of Buenavista showing HHs with no access to sanitary toilet

CBMS Data 2005

Buenavista

CBMS Database


Use of cbms data in program targeting

Use of CBMS data in Program Targeting

Confidential info

Provides inputs to Local Chief Executives with CBMS data used for planning and targeting purposes

Example:

List of malnourished children


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Use of CBMS to Monitor Access to Programs

A. Access to Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

Source: CBMS Survey 2009

  • About 53.8 percent of the households in 2 sites (identified to be beneficiaries of 4Ps) were able to access the program


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Use of CBMS to Monitor Access to Programs

A. Access to Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program

  • High leakage and exclusion rates in both villages

Note: Identification of poor is based on their PMT scores using 0.7 as the cut-off

Source: Authors’ calculations


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Use of CBMS to Monitor Access to Programs

B. Access to Philhealth Program

  • Only a little over one-fifth of households were able to access the Philhealth Program

Source: CBMS Survey 2009


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Use of CBMS to Monitor Access to Programs

B. Access to Philhealth Program

  • Higher exclusion rate is recorded for rural areas as compared to urban NCR and urban areas outside NCR

Source: Authors’ calculations


Use of cbms to monitor access to programs

Use of CBMS to Monitor Access to Programs

C. Access to NFA Rice Program

Source: CBMS Survey 2009

  • Not all HHs in the lowest income quintile were able to access the program

  • Even households at the highest income quintile accessed the program


Use of cbms to monitor access to programs c access to nfa rice program

Use of CBMS to Monitor Access to ProgramsC. Access to NFA Rice Program

Leakage and Exclusion Rates

Source: Authors’ calculations

  • The highest leakage rate is recorded for urban NCR (87.8%) while the highest exclusion rate is reported for urban areas outside NCR (45.8%)


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Proportion of households without access to safe water supply in Eastern Samar, by barangay


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Proportion of households who are poor without access to Philhealth,

by Municipality, Province of Eastern Samar, 2005-2006

Eastern Samar - 48.2


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Proportion of households who are poor without access to Philhealth,

by Barangay, Municipality of Balangiga, Eastern Samar, 2005

Eastern Samar - 48.2

Balangiga – 39.2


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Location of Households by Poverty Status and Access to Philhealth, Brgy. Poblacion 5, Balangiga, Eastern Samar, 2005

Brgy Pob 2

Brgy Pob 3

Purok 2

5.3

Purok 1

17.2

Barangay

San Miguel

Purok 3

11.6

Purok 4

32.7

Brgy Pob 4

Leyte Gulf


Access to philhealth program of income poor households zone 19 pasay city

ACCESS TO PHILHEALTH PROGRAM OF INCOME-POOR HOUSEHOLDSZONE 19, PASAY CITY

79% of households with income below the poverty threshold are not covered by the Philhealth Program.

Source: CBMS Survey 2005, City of Pasay


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Proportion of Income-Poor Households with Access to Philhealth ProgramZone 19 (Bgys. 178-186), Pasay City

178

14.1

182 18.7

181

33.7

186

32.5

179

9.6

180

18.8

184

28.3

185

10.6

CBMS Survey 2005


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Maricaban Creek

Saint Peter Street

Saint Cecille Street

Saint Theresa Street

Saint Catherine Street

Saint James Street

Saint John Street

Saint Bernadette Street

Saint Jude Street

Saint Andrew Street

Saint Francis Extension

Saint Peter Street

Sta. Rita Street

  • Households with children 12-15 years who are not in secondary school, Barangay 179, Pasay City

123 out of 326 children 12-15 years old are not attending secondary school


Poverty incidence by barangay and susceptibility to landslides in biliran

Poverty Incidence by Barangay and Susceptibility to Landslides in Biliran


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Food Shortage by Barangay and Susceptibility to Flooding


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

CBMS-UNDP Development Grant Program Project Sites

No. of Funded Projects: 25 Total Amount: Php4.7M

Camarines Norte

Marinduque

Biliran

Palawan

Eastern Samar

Agusan del Sur


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

CBMS-UNDP Development Grant Program Awardees


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

CBMS-UNDP Development Grant Program: Awardees


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

Before Intervention:

Household without access

to safe Water, Brgy. Añgas, Tabaco City 2008

After Intervention (PODER Project):Household without access to safe water, Brgy. Añgas, Tabaco City 2009


Uses of cbms for monitoring and evaluation

Uses of CBMS for Monitoring and Evaluation

CBMS can aid program/project monitoring since it provides the necessary disaggregated data on access to programs

CBMS, can generate panel data that can aid tracking of conditions of households/ groups of population (e.g. beneficiaries of programs) over time.

CBMS provides baseline data that can be used for evaluation of appropriate interventions

Since CBMS is being conducted on a regular basis by LGUs, it can facilitate monitoring of both short term and long term impacts of projects and programs.


Cbms a tool for monitoring and evaluation

For further inquiries:

PEP-Asia-CBMS Network Office

Angelo King Institute for Economic and Business Studies

De La Salle University

10th Floor, Angelo King International Center

Estrada corner Arellano Sts., Malate, Manila, Philippines

Telefax: (632)5262067

Email: [email protected]

[email protected]

Website: www.pep-net.org


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