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MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY






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MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY. KEVIN P O’KELLY. Draft Report. Introduction Definitions Social Inclusion as a European Issue OMC NAPs Scope of MSI Project Why Mainstreaming?. Draft Report. Poverty, Social Inclusion and Public Policy Participative Methodology
MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

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Slide 1

MONITORING AND EVALUATION METHODOLOGY

KEVIN P O’KELLY

Slide 2

Draft Report

  • Introduction

    • Definitions

  • Social Inclusion as a European Issue

    • OMC

    • NAPs

    • Scope of MSI Project

  • Why Mainstreaming?

Slide 3

Draft Report

  • Poverty, Social Inclusion and Public Policy

  • Participative Methodology

  • Monitoring and Evaluation

Slide 4

Monitoring and Evaluation

Structure of the chapter:

  • Define ‘Monitoring;’ and ‘Evaluation’

  • Theory of Evaluation

  • Designing an evaluation scheme (research design)

  • Indicators

  • Evaluating MSI

Slide 5

MONITORING

Monitoring or Process Evaluation:

  • Carried out during implementation

  • How, Why and under what conditions?

  • What happens during implementation?

  • Is implementation in line with original design?

Slide 6

Evaluation

Types of Evaluation

  • Impact or summative

  • Outcome

  • Variation

  • Counterfactual

Slide 7

What is Evaluation?

A systematic assessment of the operation and/or the outcomes of a programme or policy, compared to a set of explicit or implicit standards, as a means of contributing to the improvement of the programme or policy (C H Weiss, 1998)

Slide 8

What is Evaluation?

UK Treasury Green Book

Slide 9

What is Evaluation?

F

FEEDBACK

Slide 10

ACTORS

  • Political / Policy level

  • Administration / Management

  • Service providers

  • Target Groups / Recipients

Slide 11

Design of Evaluation

Evaluation Questions

  • Does the policy work?

  • Why does it work?

  • Why (how) should policies work?

    (Robert Walker – June 2004)

Slide 12

1

2

4

6

7

What worked?

Infrastructure for evaluation

Has the policy worked?

Is there a problem?

What policy would work?

POLICY

5

3

Is this policy working?

Will this

policy

work?

Can we make this work?

Slide 13

Evaluation Questions

  • Factual

  • Behavioural

  • Attitudinal

  • Knowledge

Slide 14

Design of Evaluation

Twelve Steps

  • Advisory Committee

    • Resources

  • Selection of evaluators

  • Key questions

  • Methodology

  • How to collect data

  • Questionnaire / interview guidelines

Slide 15

Design of Evaluation

  • Target sample

  • Field work

  • Analysis

  • Meta-analysis

  • Write up findings

  • Publication / dissemination

Slide 16

Policy Indicators

  • Social Policy Committee (Laeken) indicators

    • Low incomes households

    • Long-term unemployed

    • Low education levels

    • Health status

  • ‘In-work’ poor

Slide 17

Policy Indicators

  • EAPN Indicators

    • Employment

    • Income levels

    • Housing

    • Health

    • Education

  • Participation and identity

    • Definition

Slide 18

Policy Indicators

Participation and Identity - ADefinition:

The percentage share of the population with an income below 60% of the median (national poverty level) that are members of or connected with:

(a range of social, community and cultural activities)

Slide 19

Evaluating MSI

  • Mainstreaming is a process

  • Political commitment

  • Involve ALL key stakeholders

  • Realistic expectations

Slide 20

Evaluating MSI

Design issues:

  • What target groups?

  • What outcomes?

  • Quality of data

  • Comparison of small and large units

  • Collection of data at point of delivery (local level)

  • Challenge of ‘Silo’ policies

Slide 21

Evaluating MSI

  • Access to data

  • What level of governance is mainstreaming implemented?

  • Political environment / decision-making

  • Structures

  • Link between governance roles

  • Culture

  • Different criteria for success

Slide 22

MSI Question

Does Mainstreaming of Social Inclusion have an impact on the policy process and outcomes? If so, can it be measured?

  • European level: NAPs/incl. & OMC

  • Implementation level of NAPs/incl.

Slide 23

Stephen Donnelly Paper

  • Mainstreaming issues

    • Any measurement of mainstreaming will effectively be a measurement of qualitative processes … the ultimate purpose of mainstreaming is to produce measurable poverty reduction outcomes.

    • A key challenge in attempting to determine how far poverty reduction activities are mainstreamed centres on the subjectivity of any measurement tools that are put in place

Slide 24

Stephen Donnelly Paper

Measuring ‘Mainstreaming’ is subjective!

How to define:

  • Political will /leadership

  • Partnership

  • Ownership

  • Cross-departmental working?

Slide 25

Stephen Donnelly Paper

  • ‘Positive action’ initiatives are NOT mainstreaming

  • However, mainstreaming doesn’t preclude ‘positive action’

  • ‘Poverty Proofing’

Slide 26

Stephen Donnelly Paper

A number of elements which are fundamental to mainstreaming:

  • Leadership

  • Structures

  • Capacity and skills

  • Community participation and

    engagement

  • Research and evaluation

Why Mainstreaming?

Slide 27

Stephen Donnelly Paper

Draft Measurement Framework:

  • Political Leadership and sponsorship

  • Executive leadership and strategies

  • Capacity

  • Structures

  • Data, research and evaluation

  • Community engagement and participation

Slide 28

Stephen Donnelly Paper

Poses the question: is

social auditing / theory of change

an alternative to Mainstreaming?

Slide 29

Measuring Mainstreaming

  • Qualitative?

  • Quantitative?

  • Combination?

Slide 30

EVALUATION TYPOLOGY II FOR MAINSTREAMING SOCIAL INCLUSION

CONTEXT (EU; National; Regional; Local // Economic; Demographic; Social; Cultural; etc.)

Mainstreaming

Social Inclusion

Features

Process

Outcomes

  • Cross-cutting

  • Policy development

  • Participation

  • Monitoring and evaluation

  • Political commitment

  • Inputs (resources)

  • Organisation of resources

  • Outputs

  • Indicators

Definition

EVALUATION QUESTIONS

(Robert Walker)

  • What worked?

  • How did it work?

  • Has the policy worked?

  • How did it (not) work?

  • Is this policy working?

  • How is it working?

  • Is there a problem?

  • What is the problem?

  • What policy would work?

  • How would it work?

  • Will this policy work?

  • How will it (not) work?

  • Can we make this policy work?

  • How can we make it work?

  • REQUIRMENTS FOR

  • EVALUATION

  • Clear Policy Objectives

  • Clear ‘Theory of Change’

  • Clear Evaluation Objectives

  • KEY QUESTIONS EVALUATION OF MSI:

  • What would be good evaluation questions on the process of mainstreaming (Mst.)?

  • Can we build a scenario for an evaluation framework to a) identify & b) measure the impact of Mst.?

  • Do we have the tools to analysis the process and measure the impact? If ‘no’, how do we get the tools?

  • Can we identify evaluation processes of Mst. in the different Member States?

  • Why Mst? Is it better?

Revised Research Question

  • EVIDENCE

  • Case studies by

  • Theme

  • Country

  • Governance level

  • Meta-analysis (JIMs, JIRs)

  • Theory of change

  • Scale of features

  • Interviews with key actors

SCENARIOS OF EVALUATION FRAMEWORK

e.g. Is Mts. a process / tool or a policy?

No counterfactual


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