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The Articles of Confederation. America’s 1 st Constitution 1781-1789. Strengths. Weaknesses. Why did the Founding Fathers Choose a Confederation plan of government?.

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the articles of confederation
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Why did the Founding Fathers Choose a Confederation plan of government?

The first system of government designed by the Founding Fathers was a Confederation. Under a Confederate system, the National or Central Government is given only a few powers, while most of the power is reserved for the States.

the articles of confederation1
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

  • The Articles had 2 major achievements:
  • Bringing the Revolutionary War to a successful conclusion
  • Provided a the first government for a new country
break it down
Break it Down
  • Articles of Confederation

Articles = sections of a written document, rules written down

break it down1
Break it Down
  • Articles of Confederation
  • Confederation …. Let’s take a closer look!
federalism
Federalism
  • Central
  • national
experiences
Experiences
  • Hated the KING
  • Taxation w/o representation
  • Abuse of personal rights
  • Strong central or “Federal Government
soooo
Soooo……
  • Why did they set up a confederation???
slide10

Articles of Confederation

1781-1787

PURPOSE

  • To create our first government
  • Form a permanent union of the 13 states.
  • Recognition by European nations.
the articles of confederation2
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Congress was given the power to:

Declare War &

Establish an Army/Navy

No Power to Draft Soldiers

the articles of confederation3
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Congress was given the power to:

Make Peace & Sign Treaties

No Power to Enforce Treaties

the articles of confederation4
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Congress was given the power to:

No Power to Collect Taxes from the States

Borrow Money

the articles of confederation5
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Congress was given the power to:

Organize a

Post Office

the articles of confederation6
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Congress was given the power to:

No Chief Executive

No national court system

No Power to Regulate Interstate Commerce

No National Currency

Difficult to Pass laws (2/3 vote)

the articles of confederation7
The Articles of Confederation

America’s 1st Constitution 1781-1789

Strengths

Weaknesses

Congress was given the power to:

Difficult to Amend

(unanimous vote needed to change the articles)

conclusion
Conclusion

Why did the Founding Fathers Choose a Confederation plan of government?

They feared that a strong central government would create tyranny, and stamp out the peoples natural God given rights.

conclusion1
Conclusion

Why Did the Founding Fathers believe the Articles needed to be replaced by the US Constitution?

The nation needed to function as ONE united country & not 13 small unorganized nations.

Shay’s rebellion proved the need to strengthen the government.

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