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The Articles of Confederation. Unit 3. The First Government in the home of the free!!. The Articles of Confederation Established a very weak government What were the basic weaknesses?. Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. Provided for a WEAK national government

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the first government in the home of the free
The First Government in the home of the free!!

The Articles of Confederation

  • Established a very weak government
  • What were the basic weaknesses?
weaknesses of the articles of confederation
Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation
  • Provided for a WEAK national government
  • Gave congress no power to tax or regulate commerce (trade) among states
  • Provided for no common currency
  • Gave each state one vote regardless of size in the Legislative Branch
  • Provided for no executive or judicial branch
booklet
Booklet

Front Page- The Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

Back of Front Page-Pg. 1- Blank

Page 2- Weakness 1 of the Articles of Confederation

Page 3- Weakness 2 of the Articles of Confederation

Page 4- Weakness 3 of the Articles of Confederation

Page 5- Weakness 4 of the Articles of Confederation

P{age 6- Weakness 5 of the Articles of Confederation

articles of confederation and the united states constitution
Articles of Confederation and The United States Constitution

Booklet- 2 pieces of notebook paper

Front Page:- Title- The United States Constitution

First Inside Page- Basic Principles of Our Government

Inside Pages- 1 principle per page

warm up wednesday february 23 rd
Warm-UpWednesday, February 23rd

Get out your Articles of Confederation Booklet and finish it!! I will collect the booklet in 20 minutes. 

the united states constitution1
The United States Constitution
  • Established a federal system of government
  • What is a Federal System?
    • Divides power between national and state governments
  • Included the Bill of Rights
    • Provided guarantee of individual rights
the united states constitution2
The United States Constitution

Basic Principles of Government

  • Separation of Powers
    • Structure based on James Madison’s Virginia Plan
    • 3 separate branches of government
  • Checks and Balances
  • Bill of Rights
  • Bill of Rights
three branches of government
Three Branches of Government

Legislative Branch

  • Congress
  • Makes the Laws
  • 2-house legislature (bi-cameral)
  • Senate
    • All states represented EQUALLY
    • 2 senators per state
  • House of Representatives
    • People are represented
    • Based on POPULATION
three branches of government1
Three Branches of Government

Judicial Branch

  • Supreme Court
  • Determines if the laws made by Congress are constitutional
three branches of government2
Three Branches of Government

Executive Branch

  • President
  • Carries out the laws
basic principles of government
Basic Principles of Government

Checks and Balances

  • Each branch can check the power of the other
  • These checks keep any other branch from gaining too much power
basic principles of government1
Basic Principles of Government

Bill of Rights

  • Author: James Madison
  • First 10 amendments to the Constitution
  • Provide a written guarantee of individual rights
    • Freedom of Religion, speech, etc.)
articles of confederation and the united states constitution1
Articles of Confederation and The United States Constitution

Booklet- 3 pieces of notebook paper

Front Page:- Title- Weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation

Inside Pages- 1 weakness per page- DESCRIBE why it was a weakness

the bill of rights
The Bill of Rights

Amendment I (1)

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Freedom of Religion, Assembly, Press, Petition, Speech

the bill of rights1
The Bill of Rights

Amendment II (2)

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

Right to Bear Arms

the bill of rights2
The Bill of Rights

Amendment III (3)

No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in

any house, without the consent of the owner,

nor in time of war, but in a manner to be

prescribed by law.

Quartering of Troops

the bill of rights3
The Bill of Rights

Amendment IV (4)

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Search and Seizure

the bill of rights4
The Bill of Rights

Amendment V (5)

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Grand Jury, Double-Jeopardy, Self-Incrimination,

Due Process

the bill of rights5
The Bill of Rights

Amendment VI (6)

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Criminal Prosecutions-Jury Trial,

Right to Confront and Counsel

the bill of rights6
The Bill of Rights

Amendment VII (7)

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Common Law suits-Jury Trial

the bill of rights7
The Bill of Rights

Amendment VIII (8)

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Excess Bail or Fines, Cruel and Unusual Punishment

the bill of rights8
The Bill of Rights

Amendment IX (9)

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Non-Enumerated Rights

the bill of rights9
The Bill of Rights

Amendment X (10)

The powers not delegated to the United States

by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the

states, are reserved to the states respectively,

or to the people.

Rights Reserved to States

the bill of rights10
The Bill of Rights
  • Rank the amendments in order of how important they are to you.
  • I will hand out a piece of paper for you to draw list and draw your top 5 amendments!
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